Which is the best preposition

The meaning of the prepositions: under

The case of under

a.) with local importance

The prepositionunder is an alternating preposition with local meaning: Wenn underdescribes a position (= where?) under used with dative. If under describes a direction (= where?) becomes under used with accusative.

[Position (where?) -> under + Dative]
[Direction (where?) -> under + Accusative]

Example: local -> under + Dative / + accusative
the desk: under the desk/under the desk
the window: under the window/under the window
the Bank: under the bank/under the Bank

The meaning of under

local

The preposition denotes in a local sense under a position or a direction.

a.) Position

Example: under - position (where?) -> + dative
Position: Where is the trash? -> The trash can under the desk.

b.) direction

Example: under - direction (where?) -> + accusative
Direction: Where do you put the trash? -> I put the trash under the desk.

modal

a.) Subset

The preposition under marks a certain (partial) amount. This meaning of under can also use the preposition of be expressed.

Example: under (modal)
Under 500 students she had the best exam.
=From 500 students she had the best exam.
Among the students There are many foreigners at the Musterdorf secondary school.
=From the students There are many foreigners at the Musterdorf secondary school.

b.) Name of the management

With the help of the preposition under the head of an institution is named.

The Berlin Philharmonic under (the direction) of Herbert von Karajan.
Under the old coach the team played better football.
Under Charlemagne the Franconian Empire was united.
These laws were under the SPD government adopted.

c.) in permanent connections

Under also occurs in some permanent connections: under certain circumstances (= maybe), provided that (= if), under the condition that (= if),

Example: possibly
I may be able to help you.
= Maybe I can help you

Example: on condition that
On the condition that you get home on time, you can go to the party.
= If you get home on time, you can go to the party.

adverbial

Attention: In the meaning "less than" can under can also be used adverbially.

Example: under (adverbial)
The trip to Berlin takes time under six hours.
= The journey lasted less than six hours.

Back to the overview: The meaning of the prepositions