Emily Dickinson had a mental illness
10 famous female poets in American history
From the likes of Sylvia Plath to Maya Angelou, and many more who have traversed generations, geography, and ideologies, America has been blessed with so many famous female poets in its history. Most of these women are more than just great poets, they are even some of the greatest poets that humanity needs to meet and read about.
Although many of them didn't live long or have won many awards, their works have stood the test of time and are sure to come to a time when there are no people to read them.
Famous Female Poets in American History
1. Sylvia Plath
(October 27, 1932 - February 11, 1963)
For poets and poet lovers Sylvia Plathrepresents something completely different in poetry. Although she died at the age of 30, she became not only one of the most famous female poets in American history, but also one of the greatest female poets to have ever lived on earth.
As is typical of many poets, her life story likes a sad poetry that loses her father at a very young age and then suffers a depression that claims her life. Plath started writing when he was 8 years old.
Before she committed suicide, Plath had only published a single collection of poems, The colossus and other poems However, it was part of her final writings from 1962 that made her the poet she has become.
2. Emily Dickinson
(December 10, 1830 - May 15, 1886)
Among the great poets in America, you'll find Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, who is considered one of the foundations of a uniquely American poetic style. Dickinson lived in isolation for most of her life, only in contact through correspondence.
Insofar as she had always been a very powerfulThe poet, whose themes are morbidity and religion, only became very popular after her death. She left behind many works that were published after her death. The most famous poems by Emily Dickinson are To hopeIs the thing about feathers and Because I couldn't stop for death.
3. Maya Angelou
(April 4, 1928 - May 28, 2014)
Born Marguerite Annie Johnson, Maya Angelo was also a civil rights activist. If she had decided to turn her life story into fiction, she would have sold into the millions. She was sexually abused as a child and then grew up as a sex worker, performer, cook, and night club dancer.
At around the age of 8, Maya's world was turned upside down when she was raped by her mother's boyfriend. He was tried and sentenced to just one day in prison. But when he got out he was murdered and although the culprit was not found it was believed that Maya's uncles were responsible as they were very upset when she told them about the incident. This made her mute for years, thinking her voice could be fatal. Years after she found her voice again, it echoed in poetry to the end of the world.
The general themes of her poems are primarily pain, loss, hope, love, racism and struggles. With 10 collections is one of her most famous works And still I get up (1978). Maya has three Grammys for her spoken word albums and was also the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011.
With 7 collections she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, which made her the first female poet to receive it posthumously.
4. Elizabeth Bishop
(February 9, 1911 - October 6, 1979)
The 20th century has seen many poets, butElizabeth Bishop is considered one of the most beautiful. There are many who believe that most of the greatest poets have had bitter pasts. Bishop fits into this class after losing her father when she was only 8 months old while her mother suffered from mental illness. Orphaned as a little girl, she had many days of unhappiness and loneliness. Her poems reflect loss, grief, childhood and much more.
She has won many awards for her name including the Houghton Mifflin Poetry Prize Fellowship, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, National Book Award for Poetry, and in 2010 she made the inaugural class of the New York Writers Hall of Fame.
5. Mary Oliver
(September 10, 1935 -)
Oliver is described by the New York Times as America's best-selling poet, but the poetry world sees her as something much more than just the copies sold. Though she has her own voice, she is a distant reincarnation of Emily Dickinson in a style very close to loneliness.
With over 30 collections to her name and four as a non-fiction author, she has been associated with poems that are related to nature and that are very simple yet profound. She may not be a favorite with critics, but she is still one of the most famous poets in American history. Some of her best poems are A dream of trees, A visitor my father and Wild geese.
6. Audre Lorde
(February 18, 1934 - November 17, 1992)
Born a black woman in America, Audre Lorde's poems from the 1930s are about things like social justice, feminism, race, and more. Audre Lorde had learned to write since she was four, thanks to her mother's help, and by the time she was in eighth grade she had already written her first poem.
As she grew, she would come to have a very difficult relationship with her parents, which is reflected in her work. She began publishing in the 1960s and became famous for her genuine anger and hope.
Black, lesbian, mother, warrior and poet she described herself, her work revolves around these things. Some of her best poems are For each of you, never dream of spiders and Hanging fire.
7. Adrienne Rich
(May 16, 1929 - March 27, 2012)
A litany of the most famous female poets in American history will not be complete without one of the most confident poetic voices, Adrienne Rich. She is a feminist, essayist, and poet who is one of the most widely read and influential of the 20th century.
She was encouraged to read and write by her father when she was little. Since then, until her death in 2012, she has continued to write, leaving behind over 25 collections, including No poetry will serve tonight: poetry (2010), which is considered to be her last and most powerful works.
The subjects of Adrienne Rich's work are broad and include subjects such as lesbian existence, feminism, love, and even a good sense of anger. Some of her best poems are Aunt Jennifer's Tiger, Living In Sin, and A valediction that forbids mourning.
8. Edna St. Vincent Millay
(February 22, 1892 - October 19, 1950)
Also a playwright, Edna St. Vincent Millay was a poet who, with some of the best sonnets, is one of America's most famous female poets. She was mostly raised with two sisters by her mother, who had divorced her father. During her childhood she was not afraid to say anything and that became important to her as a poet in the context of feminist activism.
Although she died at the age of 58, she achieved a great deal when she started writing in her early teens. Her poems were published in magazines and a high profile anthology, Current Literature, when she was only 15 years old. She has almost 20 collections of poetry with a (Incriminating dialogues) written under the pseudonym Nancy Boyd. Some of her very popular poems are What kissed my lips, conscientious objectors and The spring and the autumn.
9. Anne Sexton
(November 9, 1928 - October 4, 1974)
A Pulitzer Prize winner for poetry, Anne Sexton is probably one of the most famous confessional poets. It tells the story of mental illness and depression that so many other poets have suffered from. Her work is revelations of things she's been through, including very personal things and even her relationships with her husband and children.
As a result of her mental illness, Anne was encouraged by her therapist, Dr. Martin Orne, writing poems as an escape route. Aside from her poetry, her life has not been a life without controversy as she was accused of sexually assaulting her daughter Linda Gray Sexton after her death. There was also evidence of violent behavior towards her husband and daughters.
After many suicide attempts, she later managed to end her life. According to Dr. Orne's suicide was the result of an affair she had with her therapist who replaced him.
Some of her favorite poems are 45 Mercy Street, Anna who was crazy and Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty).
10. Gwendolyn Brooks
(June 7, 1917 - December 3, 2000)
Another of the most famous female poets is Gwendolyn Elizabeth, who became the first African American woman to receive the Pulitzer in 1950. Her works are fundamentally different from what you get with most others, as her poems are mostly about people's struggles and personal celebrations.
With a mother who was a teacher, she was encouraged to start writing early because she would be Lady Paul Laurence Dunbar. She had published her first poem in American childhood, a children's magazine when she was 13 years old. At the time of her death, she had already published many works with a (In Montgomery and other poems) released after her death in 2003.
With many honors for her name, including being the Poet Laureate of Illinois from 1968 until her death, these are some of her favorite poems We're really cool, the crazy woman and My dreams, my works have to wait.
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