Are these French questions correct?
Questions in French: explanation + examples (grammar)
This article is about asking the right question in French. There are - just like in German - different types of questions; for example the decision question, the supplementary question and the intonation question. Below the W-questions (question words) are clearly listed in French.
The question of intonation
Intonation is formed without a question word and is only determined by the pitch (intonation):
|Tu manges avec nous.||You eat with us.|
|Tu manges avec nous?||Do you eat with us|
The sentence order remains unchanged in French. However, you go up with the intonation at the end of the sentence so that it is understood as a question.
The decision question
This type of question is formed without a question word and can be answered with “yes” or “no”.
|Tu veux voir mon nouveau chien?||Do you want to see my new dog?|
|Oui / Non.||Yes No|
Of course, every form of question can also be formulated as an indirect question:
Cubit me demande si je veux before son chien. She asks me if I want to see her dog.
The inversion question
With this question the sentence order changes (one uses first the verb, then - connected with a hyphen - the subject and then the object). If the verb ends in a vowel and the subject begins with a vowel, you need a "t“As a connecting consonant.
|Veux-tu voir mon nouveau chien?||Do you want to see my new dog?|
|Parle-t-il sur ses vacances?||Is he talking about his vacation?|
|Voulez-vous manger avec nous?||Do you want to eat with us?|
Questions with est-ce que (without question word)
This type is mostly used in spoken language and you need the construction est-ce que. Without a question word, the question automatically becomes a decision-making question.
|Est-ce que tu veux voir mon chien?||Would you like to see my dog|
|Est-ce qu’il veut venir also?||Does he want to come too?|
Questions with est-ce que (with question word)
The French question words are:
|Que / Qu ‘||What|
|Combien (de)||How many|
|De quoi||Of what|
These are used either with or without est-ce que.
|Où est-ce qu’on rencontre Marie?||Where do we meet (with) Marie?|
|Comment est-ce que tu trouves ce film?||How do you like this film?|
Prepositions can also be placed in front of the question word.
|De quoi est-ce qu’il parle?||What is he talking about?|
|A qui est-ce qu’il pense?||Who is he thinking of?|
|Pour combien de jours est-ce qu’elle travaille là?||How many days does she work there?|
As I said, in writing it is best to use the inversion question or the question without est-ce que.
|Qu’est-ce que tu penses?||Subject present, so normal with "que"|
|Qu’est-ce qui se passe?||no subject, so with "qui"|
|Qui est-ce que cet homme?||Subject present, so normal with "que"|
|Qui est-ce qui parle avec Marie?||no subject, so with "qui"|
If you ask about the subject (with que or. qui), you have to est-ce qui instead of est-ce que use.
Other interesting topics on grammar in French are the "Si-Sentences" and the "Articles in French".
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