What does the crown molding do
The crown shapes
The pyramidal crown
Ideal for extensive cultivation outside of town or on large plots. In addition to fruit production, the tree has other functions such as providing shade or as an element in the cultural landscape that characterizes the landscape.
The pyramid crown consists of a framework with 3 guide branches and a trunk extension. The 3 main branches strive upwards at an angle of 45 - 60 degrees. This corresponds to the natural growth of most types of fruit. The pyramid crown is therefore called a natural crown.
This crown shape is preferably used on medium to strong growing substrates, so the space requirement is very high.
Another type of round crown is the spindle with its various shapes such as B. Slim Spindle, Super Spindle, and Cord Tree. It is the most widespread form of training in professional cultivation, but also very suitable for small home gardens!
In its basic structure, the spindle consists of a dominant central shoot, which is garnished with fruit branches. For reasons of better exposure, this crown shape should be constructed in the shape of a fir tree, i.e. narrow at the top and wide at the bottom. The usual tree heights are 2.20 to a maximum of 2.50 m and plant spacing of 0.80 m to 1.50 m depending on the variety and expertise.
Important: This form of education is only recommended on weakly growing substrates, as this is an unnatural crown shape. The extreme forms super spindle and cord tree with very close planting distances are only recommended for professionals and with optimal cultivation management.
The longitudinal crown
For narrow plots or for attachment to fences and house walls.
In the case of the longitudinal crown, the basic structure consists of 2 guide branches and a trunk extension, the guide branches run along the row of trees or parallel to the wall or fence.
The hollow crown, also known as the funnel crown, consists of 3 guide branches, the central drive is missing. This crown shape is common with sour cherries, peaches and steeply growing sweet cherry varieties on strongly growing roots. It is not suitable for apple and pear trees due to their special growth properties.
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