What is liberal

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess


Movement in the 19th century
Liberalism (from the Latin "liber", which means "free") is a worldview that focuses on freedom and thus the free development of the individual. For many centuries the state patronized its citizens spiritually, economically and politically. That changed very slowly. At the beginning of the 19th century a political movement emerged which demanded the limitation of state power vis-à-vis the citizens. This was liberalism. He also called for the enforcement of human rights, freedom of expression and conscience, freedom of the press and stressed the equality of all people before the law.
Political liberalism
From the beginning a distinction was made between political and economic liberalism. Politics was about limiting the power of the state. People should not be told what to think and what to believe. The principle should apply: People should be able to do what they want, as long as it does not violate the rights of another person. The idea that the separation of powers should apply also has its origins in liberalism.
Economic liberalism
In terms of economic activity, liberalism meant that the market should regulate itself without the patronage of the state. Everyone should have the opportunity to acquire private property and to do business with it. But that in such an economic system, in which the market alone decides, the poor mostly got poorer and the rich got richer, was unmistakable.
Social market economy

After the Second World War, a decision was made in Germany for one socialMarket economy and has deliberately limits for the free Market economy set. Today, liberalism has become part of many political, economic, and social mindsets.

For specialists: Compare the demands of liberalism, as described above, with the US Constitution of 1787/89 or the Declaration of Human Rights of the French Revolution in 1789.

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(Frequently Asked Questions - this is the English translation of "frequently asked questions")

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