What makes you perfect 1

Formation of the perfect tense - usage and examples

Formation of the perfect perfect - auxiliary verbs and participle II

To form the perfect, you need the Verbs to be or to have and the Past participle. So the following applies:

Click here to expand

to be / have + past participle = perfect

auxiliary verbs

So you need that Auxiliary verbs "sein" and "haben" in the present tense. They are called auxiliary verbs because they help the main verb, i.e. the correct verb, with something. In our case, expressing the perfect tense. They are waiting second in the sentence. "To be" and "have" are adapted in their form to the person and the number of the main verb, i.e. they change, as you can see in the examples. But first I will show you all forms of auxiliary verbs in the present tense in the table.

Table of auxiliary verbs
Click here to expand

We are went.

We to have learned.

your are went.

You has learned.

In addition, you need the main verb in the form of the participle II.

Past participle

The shape of the Past participle always stands at end of sentence. Now let's look at those Formation of the participle II more precisely at:

The past participle of weak verbs

Verbs ending in remain the same for all tenses and person forms, i.e. the weak verbs, you form the past participle like this:

Click here to expand

ge + Verb stem + (e) t (for weak verbs)

Here's an example:

Click here to expand

Cook becomes cooked

Participle II for strong verbs

For verbs that change their tribe, i.e. strong verbs, you form the past participle like this:

Click here to expand

ge + Verb stem + en (with strong verbs)

You have to remember that there are a lot of irregular verbs in German. So the verb stem will be different from what you think at first. Take care here! Here you can also take a look at the education using an example:

Click here to expand

to sing becomes ge-sung-en

There are exceptions if the verb has a prefix.

Past participle with prefix

A prefix is ​​a verb addition attached to the word. In some cases this is Verb addition from the verb separable, like in the example:

Click here to expand

prefer: I pull it in frontto go.

In this case, you ask that Prefix before the.

Click here to expand

Verbs with a separable prefix:

Separable prefix + ge + Verb stem + (e) t / (e) n

An example:

Click here to expand

read out becomes read aloud

Is this Not to separate prefix from verb,falls in the formation of the past participle the just get away. An example would be:

Click here to expand

tear: We to have the paper torn.

The same applies to verbs, die formed with kidneys be away.

Click here to expand

Verbs with an inseparable prefix:

Inseparable prefix + verb stem + (e) t / (e) n


Verbs on -ieren

Verb stem (with -ieren) + (e) t

Here, too, another example shows you the education:

Click here to expand

understand becomes Roger that

to strollbecomeswalked

To make the education clear to you, I'll show you a few examples:

Examples in the perfect tense

Finally, take a look at the example sentences to get theWord order in the perfect tensememorize. The past participle is always at the end of the sentence:

Click here to expand

You are me immediately noticed.

We went for a walk.

He is fast ran.

Lisa Has me read out.

The have I to forget.

You have now learned a lot about German grammar and the perfect tense. Above you will find suitable tasks with which you can test your knowledge. We wish you all the best with your learning!