Why were gas masks used in 1940

Artifacts

Masks for gas protection

There was great fear among the population of an attack with poison gas during the Second World War, especially in Germany and England. For protection, large quantities of gas masks were produced, which could be carried around the neck in specially available handbags, cardboard boxes, metal canisters or simply with a strong cord.
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German people's gas mask (VM 37)
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The people's gas mask was produced in three sizes (size "M" = male size, size "F" = female size, size "K" = child size). It consisted of a mask body and a removable filter. It should protect against all chemical warfare agents (with the exception of luminous gas).
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For safe storage of the gas masks, metal containers with carrying straps were available that could be hung around for transport.
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German gas jacket
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The gas jacket was for children to be carried and run who could not yet wear a folk gas mask (up to around the age of four). It consisted of a jacket with a pressure relief valve, connection piece and outer window, a folk mask filter insert, a bellows with a shoulder strap and a connecting hose. After putting on the jacket, the bellows was actuated evenly at the rate of one's own breathing (about 15-20 times per minute). (There was a special gas bed for infants and children lying on the bed)



English gas mask for women