What is the name of the design of buildings
Plants play the main role in these buildings
In modern architecture there are many approaches to enhancing buildings with lots of green. However, many of them are doomed to exist as realistic renderings, simply because it is not so easy to safely support the enormous weight of soil, water and the plants themselves. Nevertheless, there have been many recent examples of construction projects that have followed precisely this approach. For example, the architect Thomas Heatherwick installed ultra-strong concrete pillars in his 1000 Trees design, which give the building greater stability. Others, on the other hand, try to integrate plants into their buildings, but not make them part of them. In this way, the structures remain free and the plants can take root in the earth as normal. However, basically all ideas that lead to making urban architecture greener and more natural are interesting. In addition to the purely visual effect, the architects and planners primarily want to achieve cleaner air, less CO2 and a mitigation of climate change. For example with the following projects:
Valley: the MVRDV terrace towers in Amsterdam
Construction of this green terrace complex, designed by MVRD, began in 2017. The building comprises a complex of green terraced towers in the center of Amsterdam that is used for both business and private purposes. The name "Valley" refers to its unusual stack shape, which to the viewer looks like a deep valley that stretches between mountain peaks. The two towers and the overarching ground floor are to contain 196 apartments and 7 floors with offices, shops, restaurants and cultural facilities - supplemented by a three-floor parking lot.
House for Trees by VTN Architects in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
With the “House for Trees”, VTN Architects wanted to specifically address the lack of green spaces and poor air quality in large cities such as Ho Chi Minh City. This modern housing project includes the trees that already exist in its design. They form a kind of small park in the densely populated neighborhood. Additional trees are embedded in deep planters, which in turn are hidden in the concrete of the house. Cutouts in the structure allow the plants to grow as tall as they want.
Amata and Triptyque wooden house in São Paulo, Brazil
This building, which was built entirely from Brazilian wood, is a cooperation between the Triptyque architectural office and the Brazilian forest administration Amata. The building is not only architecturally worth seeing, but is also intended to counteract climate change in a natural way as a carbon sink - every square meter of wood can absorb one ton of carbon dioxide from the environment. The 13-storey building, whose terraces are covered with numerous plants, houses various co-working, co-living and business areas and thus allows a very versatile use.
The ivy house of Zanonarchitettiassociati (ZAA) in Treviso, Italy
This country house in Italy blends in perfectly with its natural surroundings thanks to its beautiful ivy-clad exterior facade and its mirrored extension. Generous glass surfaces make the living room of this residential building look like part of the environment. The house, designed by Zanonarchitettiassiassociati (ZAA), has large mirrored windows that reflect the trees in the open air, thus preserving the privacy of the residents on the one hand and allowing an unobstructed view from the inside to the outside on the other.
Tree Tower by Penda Architects in Toronto, Canada
This skyscraper in Toronto, Canada was designed by Penda Architects. The "Tree Tower" is characterized by a solid wood facade and numerous large terraces on each floor that are covered with trees. The building comprises a total of 18 floors with apartments, a café, a daycare center and workshops for the community. The Tree Tower is part of a growing trend to enrich urban environments with buildings made of wood as the primary material. The architects explain: “Our cities are a collection of steel, concrete and glass. When you walk through the city and suddenly see a tower made of wood and plants, there is an interesting contrast. The warm, natural appearance of the wood and the plants growing on the facade bring the building to life and could be a model for environmentally friendly developments and sustainable expansion of our urban landscape. "
Found on weburbanist.com.
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