Does ADHD Affect the Myers Briggs Tests
ADHD a special way of being!
Dr. Astrid Neuy-Lobkowicz (formerly Neuy-Bartmann)
Specialist in psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy
Tal 21, 80331 Munich
Tel. 089 228 00912, Fax 089 228 00910
Mobile 0173 3066332, email [email protected]
ADHD people have a special way of being! They think, feel, react and process information differently.
About 2-4% of adults are affected. They are very special people with special skills and special weak points. Not everyone who has ADHD needs treatment and there are very successful people with ADHD who are doing very well in their lives. ADHD is a spectrum disease that can have very different effects. For some of those affected, ADHD is just a standard variant of human existence, with great abilities and gifts. Others suffer from the dark side of ADHD and experience many defeats and failures in their lives.
ADHD in adults is mostly barely recognized and its importance and effects are completely underestimated! For a number of years, American studies in particular have shown very clearly that 50-60% of those affected by ADHD as children still show clear symptoms in adulthood, which can significantly affect their way of life. However, there is usually a change in symptoms, which means that the original symptoms of ADHD change in adulthood and then often a complex clinical picture develops that can cover the entire spectrum of psychiatry as we are now describing, must be detectable in childhood. ADHD is not acquired, but hereditary and runs like a red thread through the lives of those affected. Of course, everyone has symptoms of ADHD at one point or another, but not for their entire life. Unrecognized, ADHD can be like a ghost that haunts the lives of those affected. The good news is that there is a lot that can be done about this ghost !!!
The symptoms of ADHD:
1. Disturbance of attention
Those affected cannot keep the spotlight on something for long. The spotlight of attention is on figuratively speaking, mounted on a wobbly ball joint and at the slightest distraction this headlight moves in the direction of the new stimulus. This leads to an enormous amount of distractibility, forgetfulness, volatility and absent-mindedness, which lead to serious school problems in children and disruptions to work in adults. They forget a lot, make a lot of careless mistakes, are wasted away and most of those affected therefore remain far below their possibilities despite their good intelligence. Significantly poorer school-leaving qualifications are achieved than would have been possible with their intelligence. Sometimes they don't even graduate from school, which has a significant impact on their life careers. It is still difficult for those affected to access specific knowledge and so they perform inconsistently. It is astonishing, however, that ADHD sufferers can concentrate extremely well on something that interests them very much. This is where they can achieve top performance and one often wonders why some things can be done so brilliantly and so simple but uninteresting things simply cannot be mastered. It is not uncommon for “ADHD people” to fluctuate between the “no-go” attitude and the “workaholic mentality”.
2a. Motor hyperactivity
While the children are still the classic fidgety, especially with ADHD, they cannot sit still, are wild and do not touch each other
If you can adhere to the rules, the symptoms in adults are more discreet. They have learned to control themselves better, but they keep their inner restlessness; their being driven, the feeling of being electrified and not being able to switch off. You only notice it from the bobbing of your feet, your fingers, which are constantly moving and playing around with something, and that you are a little restless next to them. They can't wait, they often have to walk around because they sit and can't stand being quiet.
2 B. Dreamy, absent
There is also a special form that is little known, but nonetheless important and quite common. This form of ADHD is particularly evident in girls, namely that of the inattentive type. Those affected seem dreamy, absent, uninterested. They often do not notice something, which also often affects their performance. They tend to be pleasantly inconspicuous in the classroom, tend to withdraw quickly and give up. You are at high risk of developing depression and anxiety later in life.
3rd and 4th affect lability and impulsivity
“ADHD people” often have severe mood swings: from cheering to death, saddened. You live in extremes all the time. They react emotionally violently, often exaggerated, to the smallest external occurrences. Then the world is going to end, because a relatively harmless remark by someone else causes a deep offense, then the MP3 player does not work because you forgot to charge the batteries and it flies against the wall. But when a dear friend calls, the world is all right again. These extremely rapid changes in mood make a lot of problems for those affected, but also for those around them.
The impulsivity is another problem. ADHD sufferers act quickly from the stomach, excessively. "First made, then thought ...". They often feel sorry afterwards for reacting so extreme again, but at that moment they cannot control their violent feelings. It's the old HB males, the heat flashes,
But also the people with the two faces, from whom you can have everything when they are in a good mood, but who completely freak out when they come under stress and mercilessly throw their feelings into the world when they feel like it. For example, ADHD people are hypersensitive to themselves, but not at all squeamish about handing out immediately when they feel attacked. It is an extreme emotional life not infrequently in a state of emergency. "Black - white" and there is nothing in between! The middle is seldom found in this way and both frustrations and defeats are hard to bear. They quickly start something enthusiastically and at the slightest difficulty they lose interest. This often means that they keep starting new jobs or quickly giving up relationships when things get difficult.
5. Chaos, disorganization
ADHD sufferers find it difficult to keep order because they have no internal structure. Everything seems equally important and so you can't throw anything away, which can lead to a “messie existence”. The chaos around her is like her inner chaos. you find important things are not in their mess pile, and they have no overview of their life. With women it is the “chaos princesses”, with men the “absent-minded professors”, who have to be followed by everything.
6. Difficulties in work, school, and relationships
With all of the problems listed above, it is understandable that significant problems can arise here. Those affected often feel bullied because they offend with their impulsiveness and mood swings, and the inconsistent performance leads to significant problems in the workplace. It is not uncommon for partners and relatives to develop depression and psychosomatic illnesses because it is very stressful deal with daily mood swings and chaos. The divorce rate has quadrupled when a family member has ADHD. The more family members are affected, the more likely they are to mutually reinforce their symptoms.
7. Rapid exhaustion and listlessness
Perseverance and self-motivation can be severely limited, which leads to quick resignation and discouragement. Experience shows that ADHD sufferers have a huge “weaker self”, which they can only overcome with great difficulty for tasks that are of no interest to them. So it is also difficult for them to motivate themselves and to get going in time to do the necessary duties. They tend to postpone everything down to the last minute and then finish the necessary work under stress. Unfortunately, they usually stay below their potential and strain the nerves of their relatives and colleagues.
Against this background, self-doubt and a lack of self-confidence often result. Most of the biographies of the affected patients show an accumulation of traumatic experiences. The children experienced early on that they could not study, were forgetful and had bad grades in school. If they were also hyperactive, they usually experienced rejection from others and found themselves in an outsider position. The predominant life experience was in childhood then: "I am stupid and I am rejected". This is not a good prerequisite for developing stable self-esteem into adulthood.
Furthermore, there are numerous comorbidities in the presence of ADHD. It can be said that ADHD is a risk factor for other mental illnesses in adulthood. For example, the following diseases are more common in ADHD:
- Depression, anxiety
- Addictive behavior
- Read spelling disorder
- Arithmetic weakness
- Tic syndrome (Tourette)
- High accident rate (due to rash action)
- Conduct disorder and oppositional behaviors
- sleep disorders
- eating disorder
- Somatization disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
For example, 30% of adults who are affected by ADHD suffer from anxiety and depression. There is still a high risk of developing addiction later. The numbers vary. Up to 30% of alcoholics have clear evidence of ADHD in childhood. There is also often significant nicotine abuse, as excessive nicotine abuse is likely a form of self-medication. Furthermore, there are more and more forms of addiction: food addiction, shopping addiction, kleptomania, gambling addiction, etc.
Those affected are often very much in debt because they do not have an overview of their finances and cannot make a plan about income and expenses.
Affected people tend to drive riskily or engage in risky sports because they like to look for the ultimate kick and variety. You remain at risk of accidents even as adults. There are, for example, people who hit the bumper of the person in front at 200 km / h because it does not make room in time.
In summary, it can be said that problems arise in the following areas:
- Self-organization, self-control
- Time management
- Financial management
- Relationship creation, communication
- Work organization
- raising children
- Road traffic, accidents
Diagnosing and understanding ADHD is important because traditional therapies, especially psychoanalytic and investigative therapies, are not effective in ADHD. Often the patients are also so-called therapy failures, because they already have an odyssey of treatments behind them. Neither antidepressants nor neuroleptics could really help you against depression, agonizing restlessness, chaos and concentration disorders. Perhaps they have even worsened the clinical picture because the patient still has a few more construction sites, but still no overview and no structure in life. What is needed is a therapy concept that is tailored to the problems and special problems associated with ADHD.
In adulthood, therefore, diseases of adult psychiatry appear that cannot be easily understood without knowledge of ADHD and are often treated incorrectly. It is not enough to treat addiction or depression, because they cannot cover the entire spectrum of ADHD, but only the tip of the iceberg sticking out of the water. Under the surface of the water, however, ADHD shows up as a phantom that should definitely be taken into account when planning therapy. Common misdiagnoses are borderline disorders or manic-depressive illnesses, in which the presence of ADHD should be excluded in any case.
ADHD is inherited in most cases. Nobody is to blame!
However, ADHD can be positively influenced by favorable factors. This includes committed parents who deal intensively with the Addressing illnesses that could provide stability, were predictable and patient and had the resources to support the child. Of course, there is always the situation that if the child has very pronounced ADHD, the parents can only influence positively to a limited extent despite all their commitment. Unfavorable social factors are difficult milieu, overwhelmed, impulsive parents, unemployment and addiction in the family. Criminal developments can also occur under unfavorable conditions. The more family members are affected, the more strained the family system is. Can we give parents the right support to their children if they cannot organize themselves well and cannot control their own feelings?
Not every ADHD needs treatment, but first and foremost, ADHD is a special way of being.
We now know that ADHD is a change in dopamine metabolism. Dopamine is a brain hormone that controls attention, motivation, and mood. In ADHD, dopamine is broken down too quickly.
In the past as well as today, this “way of being” can have advantages. There are theories by Thom Hartmann that today's ADHD sufferers were the original hunters who hunted antelopes in the savannah of Africa, often lay in the grass for days, had their attention everywhere and then suddenly, when they thought they had spotted an antelope, could jump up with lightning speed and high impulses to chase them.
They then had the telescope sight and never let this antelope out of their sight until they had killed it. This hyperfocusing was extremely useful at the time. A hunter on the hunt should not be interested in anything other than the animal he is currently hunting. After the hunt, he could lie back on the grass until he was hungry again. Unfortunately, today there are many antelopes that also run in other directions and the world has become so complex and multi-layered that the characteristics of the hunter are no longer in great demand. ADHD only needs treatment if there are significant impairments in the way of life or if there are pronounced concomitant diseases.
ADHD sufferers are very original, creative people, often the uncomfortable courageous thought leaders, because they do not follow the rules and can question everything. There are many successful people who have ADHD without disease value, as a norm variant in the sense of a “certain way of being”. When these people have found the right professional niche for themselves, they are often ingenious and unbeatable in their sparkling zeal and tireless activity. In the media or as computer experts, we often find them to be high-functioning sufferers, highly valued but exhausting for their fellow human beings.
ADHD is always a phenomenon that moves between genius and failure, seamlessly from the highly gifted "absent-minded professor" or the eloquent entertainer to a severely disturbed, chaotic and failed person who breaks down due to his many failures. It is fundamentally important to develop the many positive properties of ADHD. Their volatility is at the same time their creative nature, their unpredictability at the same time their flexibility. Their risk behavior also their curiosity. These positive aspects make ADHD sufferers special and original people without whom our world would be poorer.
ADHD only needs treatment when there are significant difficulties in the work or relationship area or when depression and addiction develop. It is therefore necessary to offer very special therapy programs that are tailored to the specific problems associated with ADHD. Stimulant therapy, which has proven itself in ADHD children for 50 years, may also be useful and necessary.
The concomitant diseases also require treatment if they are pronounced.
The consequences of untreated ADHD can be the following in the course of life:
- Lower school grades
- Poor school and educational qualifications
- Significant self-doubt and poor self-esteem
- Outsider position
- Frequent unemployment
- More frequent divorces and relationship conflicts
- Early pregnancies
- Family members who also suffer from other mental illnesses due to the stress
- Addiction development
- Lots of failures, disappointments and failures
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