What is the warmest Russian city

The climate in Russia

Average day and night temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data from 318 measuring stations in Russia.
Weather stations at an altitude of 1760m have not been taken into account.
All data correspond to the average monthly values ​​for the last 20 years.

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Climate charts for other parts of Russia

Temperature records over the past 200 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1820 to October 2020 was reported by the Erzin weather station. In July 2007 the record temperature of 45.3 ° C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 309 weather stations in Russia below 1760 meters above sea level, was recorded in 1938 with an average temperature of 20.0 ° C. This average temperature is usually recorded every 4 to 6 hours, including the nights. Normally this value is 12.6 degrees Celsius.

The Ojmjakon weather station reported the coldest day in these 200 years. Here the temperature dropped to -68.7 ° C in February 2002. Ojmjakon lies at an altitude of 740 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1969 with an average temperature of -22.6 ° C. In Russia it is usual to have about 6.0 degrees more at -16.6 ° C for this three-month period.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1975 to 2019

In contrast to individual record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about over all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would produce a falsified result. If several measuring stations are added in a year in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions, this alone would reduce the average. If a station fails over the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values ​​and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to actually have comparable data over the longest possible period.

In the years 1975 to 2019 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which continuously reported temperature values ​​(Arhangelsk, Jakutsk, Juzhno Sahalinsk). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2011 with 19.6 ° C. 1985 was the coldest month with an average of -28.6 ° C.

The annual average temperature in the years after 1975 was around -2.4 ° C and in the last years before 2019 it was around -0.3 ° C. So it has increased by about 2.1 ° C in less than 45 years. However, this tendency only applies to the 3 selected weather stations in Russia. We have provided a considerably more extensive evaluation of the global temperature rise separately.

You can find more detailed information on global warming with a view by continent on our topic page on climate change. Database: German weather service, individual values ​​averaged and supplemented with your own elements.
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