What is Honduran origin
Honduras can be divided into three landscape zones, each of which has a specific ethnic, cultural and economic character. The highlands in the west and south with the capital Tegucigalpa are mainly inhabited by the mestizo and indigenous majority of the population. From an economic point of view, mostly small-scale coffee cultivation is predominant in this zone, as is the subsistence farming of maize, beans and other agricultural products. The plains along the north coast, on the other hand, are home to Ladinos / -as and a large number of Afro-indigenous people (Garínagu). This is where San Pedro Sula is located, the second largest city in the country and the most important location for trade and industry, in the Sula Valley, above all, the processing industry. The most important traffic connection in Honduras is that Carretera Norte, a country road that is quite well developed by Honduran standards (but far from optimal in terms of road safety) that connects the capital with San Pedro Sula and the Caribbean coast.
The north is dominated by the plantation economy. The cultivation and export of bananas, which gave Honduras the dubious reputation of a "banana republic", is now declining in favor of other products (palm oil, sugar cane, pineapple, etc.) and the so-called maquila industry. The third landscape zone is the very sparsely populated (mainly by indigenous people who do not belong to the Maya descendants living in the highlands) Mosquitia, a largely undeveloped area with tropical rainforest that covers almost a third of the area of Honduras.
Before the Spanish conquest, today's Honduran territory was rich in gold deposits, which were largely exhausted by intensive mining during the colonial period. Nevertheless, Honduras has a large number of other mineral resources. Today, in addition to small amounts of gold, mainly silver, copper, iron ore, tin, lead, antimony and rare earths are mined, mostly in opencast mines and operated by multinational companies. Mining is highly controversial because of its social and ecological consequences. The legal and illegal timber industry also has negative ecological effects.
In addition to the two coasts - the Caribbean coast in the north (with the offshore islands of Roatán, Utila and Guanaja, the so-called. Islas de la Bahía) and the south coast on the Pacific (or on the Gulf of Fonseca) - the three most important rivers (Río Patuca, Río Ulúa and Río Choluteca) as well as the inland lake Lago de Yojoa, which is also important as a drinking water reservoir, are to be mentioned for the hydrogeography of the country.
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