What is the first step towards GSoC
German Space Control Center
The German space control center (German Space Operations Center, GSOC) is the Mission Control Center of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich.
The GSOC performs the following tasks in national and international space travel:
- Operation of scientific satellites
- Operation of commercial satellites
- Manned space travel
- Expansion and operation of the communication infrastructure
- Research and development of new technologies in the field of space flight operations
The work of the GSOC is divided into two phases in which different tasks are mastered:
- Mission analysis
- Tests (software and hardware together with satellites and simulator)
- Development of the ground station concept
Mission operation (LEOP, commissioning phase, routine operation phase, decommissioning)
- Mission planning (creation of schedules at regular intervals, depending on the mission)
- Flight operations (commanding the satellite, monitoring the state of the satellite)
- Receipt of data and provision for the user community
There are currently ten control rooms in operation:
- K1: Largest control room in the satellite control center; is mainly used for LEOP operation (Launch and Early Orbit Phase). Since the beginning of 2009 the K1 was configured for the LEOP of the SATCOMBw mission. In December 2009 the room was completely refurbished. This completes the modernization of the control rooms for the four large control rooms. In 2012 the LEOP was carried out by TET-1. It is currently being equipped with new computer hardware. The next mission is expected to be PAZ in autumn 2014.
- K2 / K2a: The LEOP of the TanDEM-X mission is currently being prepared here. From 1st half of 2010 the TanDEM-X satellite is to be brought into orbit and operated for at least 5 years after completion of the LEOP operation. The room is then used as a multi-mission room.
- K3 – K4: Columbus Mission Control Rooms of the Columbus Control Center
- K5 – K6: Missions in multi-mission operations (BIRD, GRACE, TerraSAR-X) are mainly accompanied or directed, e.g. scientific missions that are controlled by the GSOC in continuous operation.
- K7-K8: Are the control rooms for the commercial mission SATCOMBw, which operates two geostationary communication satellites in regular flight operations
- K10: Control room for the European Proximity Operations Simulator (EPOS)
- K11: Columbus Backup Mission Control Room
- Weilheim ground station in Weilheim in Upper Bavaria;
After the Federal Republic of Germany decided in the 1960s to set up a national space program and to get involved in international space projects, the idea of its own space control center became concrete. In 1967 the then Federal Finance Minister Franz Josef Strauss laid the foundation stone for the first building complex, which was opened a little later.
Focus on manned space travel (1985–1995)
Until 1985, the Oberpfaffenhofen location concentrated on the former German research and testing institute for aerospace (DFVLR) more and more on space travel. The manned spaceflight received special attention. In fact, the GSOC then accompanied two manned missions: During the D-1 / STS-61-A mission in 1985, the GSOC took over (payload) control of Spacelab, while flight control continued from NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center was acquired. For the first time, the Payload Operation Control Center (POCC) of a US space mission was directed outside of NASA centers. During this mission, the then Bavarian Prime Minister Franz Josef Strauss announced on November 5, 1985 an extensive investment program aimed at increasing Oberpfaffenhofen’s role in European space travel.
But the false start of an Ariane 3 in 1985 and the Challenger disaster in 1986 noticeably slowed down the development of the Oberpfaffenhofen site and thus that of the GSOC. Nevertheless, the GSOC also received a new building (today "Building 140") through the investment program, the foundation stone of which was laid on April 4, 1989.
With the D-2 / STS-55 mission in 1993, the GSOC accompanied the entire operation and had full payload control via the Spacelab. Thus, for the first time, there was unfiltered access to all data.
Reorientation (since 1995)
Not only the Challenger disaster slowed down the development of the GSOC. The permanently more difficult budget situation, which was made even worse by German reunification, caused national space travel ambitions to fade. The EUROMIR 95 (Soyuz TM-2) mission was the last national mission, with payload control already being carried out on behalf of the European Space Agency.
In 2003, DLR was awarded the contract by ESA to build and control the Columbus module as a European contribution to the International Space Station. A dedicated Columbus control center was set up for this purpose and has been operational since 2005.
One of the two Galileo control centers (Galileo Control Center, GCC) for the European Galileo satellite navigation system and is operated there by DLR Gesellschaft für Raumfahrtverarbeitung mbH - a commercial subsidiary of DLR e.V. Continuous operation is monitored together with the other Galileo control center, which is located in Fucino, Italy. The first step was the operation of the Galileo test satellite together with Italy GIOVE-A (Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element). The foundation stone for the new GCC building on the DLR site in Oberpfaffenhofen was laid on November 7, 2006 and the construction was handed over to DLR in September 2009 for the configuration of the operating facilities.
Missions accompanied or for which the GSOC is responsible
|mission||year||Assignments / Notes|
|First Spacelab Payload (FSLP)||1983||Remote user center for the European material experimenters|
|D-1 (STS 61-A)||1985||Payload Operation Control Center (POCC)|
|ME 92||1992||supporting operational tasks; German cosmonaut Klaus-Dietrich Flade|
|D-2 (STS-55)||1993||Payload Operation Control Center (POCC)|
|X-SAR 1||1994||supporting operational tasks during two shuttle missions (STS-59, STS-68)|
|EUROMIR 95 (Soyuz TM-2)||1995||supporting operational tasks; German cosmonaut Thomas Reiter|
|MIR 97||1997||supporting operational tasks; German cosmonaut Reinhold Ewald|
|X-SAR / SRTM||2000||supporting operational tasks; German astronaut Gerhard Thiele|
|ISS-Eneide (Soyuz TMA-6, Soyuz TMA-5)||2005||supporting operational tasks; European astronaut Roberto Vittori; first operational use of the Columbus control center|
|Astrolabe (ISS) (STS-121 / STS-116)||2006||supporting operational tasks; European astronaut Thomas Reiter; first long-term mission in the Columbus control center|
|ISS-Columbus (STS-122)||2008||Mission control, operation of the European ISS communication network, support of the European astronauts and other ISS astronauts who work in the Columbus module|
|mission||year||Assignments / Notes|
|AZUR||1969–1970||Mission operations, network operations|
|AEROS 1||1972–1973||Mission operations, control, monitoring|
|AEROS 2||1974–1975||Mission operations, control, monitoring|
|HELIOS 1||1974–1986||Mission operations, control, monitoring|
|HELIOS 2||1976–1981||Mission operations, control, monitoring|
|AMPTE||1984–1986||LEOP / Mission operations, reception, processing and archiving of the data received from GSOC|
|GALILEO||1989–2003||Mission support in preparation and operation for the "Attitude and trajectory correction" maneuvers; Analysis and performance monitoring of the Retro-Propulsion Module at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena.|
|ROSAT||1990–1999||LEOP / mission operations, reception, processing and archiving of the data received from the GSOC ground station in Weilheim|
|MOMS-2P||1997–1998||Payload Operation Control Center (POCC)|
|CHAMP||2000–2010||LEOP / missionary operation|
|BIRD||since 2001||LEOP / missionary operation|
|GRACE||since 2002||LEOP / mission operation for both GRACE satellites|
|TerraSAR-X||since 2007||LEOP / Mission Operation Note: 50% of TerraSAR-X is also a commercial mission in a public-private partnership (PPP) with the company Infoterra|
|TanDEM-X||from 2010||LEOP / Mission Operations|
|TET-1||from 2012||LEOP / missionary operation|
|EnMAP||from 2019||LEOP / Mission Operations|
|mission||year||Assignments / Notes|
|SYMPHONY A||1974–1984||Mission operations (alternating with the French control center)|
|SYMPHONY B||1975–1984||Mission operations (alternating with the French control center)|
|TV-Sat 1||1987–1989||Positioning of the television satellite and troubleshooting of the non-deployable solar panel, as well as further tests to ensure the success of the TV-SAT 2 mission; Then the satellite is placed in cemetery orbit|
|TV-Sat 2||1989–1990||Positioning of the television satellite, handed over to the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom in 1990|
|DFS Copernicus 1||1989–1990||Positioning of the communications satellite, handed over to Deutsche Bundespost Telekom in 1990|
|DFS Copernicus 2||1990–1991||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1991 handover to the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom|
|DFS Copernicus 3||1992||Positioning of the communications satellite, handed over to the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom in 1992|
|Eutelsat II-F1||1990||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1990, 17 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat II-F2||1991||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1991, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat II-F3||1991||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1991, two weeks after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat II-F4||1992||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1992, 11 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Hot Bird 1||1995||Positioning of the communications satellite, 1995, 10 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat W2||1998||Positioning of the communications satellite, October 19, 1998, 14 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat W3||1999||Positioning of the communications satellite, April 27, 1999, 15 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris; Hot Standby "phase until May 27, 1999|
|Eutelsat W4||2000||Positioning of the communications satellite, June 9, 2000, 15 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris; Hot Standby "Phase A until July 9, 2000|
|Eutelsat W1R / EuroBird 1||2001||Positioning of the communications satellite, 2001, 10 days after launch, handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat Hot Bird 6||2002||Positioning of the communication satellite, 2002 handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|Eutelsat W5||2002||Positioning of the communication satellite, 2002 handover to the EUTELSAT Satellite Control Center Paris|
|SAR magnifying glass 1-5||2006–2008||LEOP of the 5 SAR-Lupe satellites, handover to the SAR-Lupe control center of the Bundeswehr a few weeks after launch|
|GIOVE-B||2008||Missionary operation together with the Italian Galileo Control Center in Fucino|
|SATCOMBw||from 2009 on||LEOP / Mission operation of two communication satellites of the Bundeswehr|
|EDRS-A||from 2015||In-orbit test and routine operation of the EDRS-A payload on board the Eutelsat 9B|
|EDRS-C||from 2016||LEOP and routine operation of the EDRS-C satellite|
- Matthias founder: Lexicon of manned space travel. With the collaboration of Karl-Heinz Ingenhaag and Horst Hoffmann. Lexikon Imprint Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-89602-287-3.
48.0873511.281388888889 Coordinates: 48 ° 5 ′ 14 ″ N, 11 ° 16 ′ 53 ″ E
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