What for is the Russian word next to it

The verbs of locomotion

In the case of verbs that relate to locomotion, Russian distinguishes whether this movement is purposeful or not. You do not know this phenomenon from German, so you have to be careful when translating into Russian which form of a verb you use.

Since German does not know this distinction, one German verb always corresponds to both forms of the Russian verb pair in the verbs of locomotion. In German, this closer definition is ultimately not expressed using a separate verb form, but rather using adjectives, prepositions, etc.

Both targeted and non-targeted verbs are always unfinished and therefore no aspect pairs.

Differences between targeted and non-targeted verbs:

targeted verbs:

Designate a one-time, concrete and uninterrupted movement,
always only one way takes place and aimed at a specific goal is.

Examples:
Я еду в школу. - I drive to school. (one direction - ›goal: school)
Давай переплывём на другой берег. - Let's swim to the other bank. (one direction - ›destination: other bank)

non-targeted verbs:
Push a move in different directions out: criss-cross or round trip. Besides that, they are used to indefinite, yourself repetitive or regular movements even if they are aimed at a specific goal.

Examples:
Я бегаю по парку. - I'm walking around in the park. (= indefinite direction)
Каждое утро я езжу на работу на машине. - I drive to work every morning. (= regularly)
Вчера я ездил в Москву. - I went to Moscow yesterday. (But now I'm back again = movement took place there and back again.)

If you have the general ability means to carry out an action, non-goal-oriented verbs are also used:

Example:
Мой сын уже умеет ходить. - My son can walk now.
Я не умею плавать. - I can not swim.

In order to give you an overview of the different pairs of verbs of movement, we have put together the most important ones for you.

purposeful

not targeted

German equivalent

идти

ходить

go come

бежать

бегать

going running

ехать

ездить

drive

лететь

летать

to fly

везти

возить

(som./sth.) drive / convey

вести

водить

steer / lead (som./sth.)

плыть

плавать

swim

ползти

ползать

crawl

нести

носить

to wear (som./sth.)

катить

катать

to roll (sth.)

лезть

лазить

climb

брести

бродить

stroll

Further examples of the verbs of locomotion:

Сейчас я иду на вокзал.

I'm going to the train station. (Movement in one direction)

Я каждый день хожу на вокзал.

I go to the train station every day. (habitual, repeated movement there and back again)

Ты сегодня едешь в Санкт-Петербург?

Are you going to St. Petersburg today? (purposeful)

Виктор часто ездит в Санкт-Петербург.

Victor often goes to St. Petersburg. (not targeted)

Сейчас я лечу в Екатеринбург.

I'm about to fly to Ekaterinburg by plane. (purposeful)

Я часто летаю в командировки.

I regularly fly on business trips. (not targeted)

Our tip for further learning:
Read this table carefully and then form a series of simple sentences yourself in which you compare targeted verbs with non-targeted verbs.

Now we would like to introduce you to the formation and use of participles in Russian.