How do I delete pictures on Wikipedia

Commons: Frequently Asked Questions

See also

What is Wikimedia Commons? [Edit]

Wikimedia Commons is a collection of free files, with pictures, sounds or videos. It serves as the central storage location for the various Wikimedia projects such as Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks and Wikinews. The Commons explains more precisely: Project framework.

The development plan for this Wikimedia project can be found under Commons: Project Planning.

Can I also use the images and files on my own website? [Edit]

Yes. Under the following conditions:

  1. Note the license (s) on the picture description page.
  2. Most licenses (GFDL, CC-BY) require that you name the license, store it in full text on your page or set a link to the full text.
  3. Most licenses require the author to be named.
  4. Public domain files (with PD templates) can be used anywhere without naming the author.

More is under Commons: Reuse.

What kind of material can I upload? [Edit]

Everything that can be used in the Wikimedia projects - photos, graphics, drawings, diagrams, whole books, music, videos, spoken files, animations, PDF documents and much more.

The files must be published under a free license (see Commons: Licenses). The most common licenses are GFDL and CC-BY / SA / BY-SA. Works in the public domain are also permitted, i.e. works whose author died more than 70 years ago.

Licenses that

  • exclude commercial use (e.g. CC-BY-NC)
  • explicitly allow the use (only) for Wikipedia
  • require the consent of the rights holder for further use

How do I upload files? [Edit]

  1. Simply register or log in
  2. Click Upload or Upload file in the left menu.

How can I include the files in Wikipedia articles? [Edit]

Nine-banded armadillo foraging for food

Very easily:

  1. Open the Wikipedia article for editing.
  2. Insert in the right place in the text.
  3. Show preview.
  4. To save.

Example: Suppose you have uploaded the file File: Armadillo en Montemorelos.jpg. To embed you would have to insert the text into the Wikipedia article so that the image appears as it does here. A distinction is made between upper and lower case.

A Wikipedia article shouldn't contain large “picture galleries” - that's what the Commons are for. A link to the commons gallery is set in the Wikipedia article with {{commons | name of the gallery}} or {{commonscat | name of the commons category}}.

More info: de: Help: Pictures.

Note: Wikimedia projects in other languages ​​use different keywords to include images. However, the English syntax (e.g.) works in all of them, see en: Wikipedia: Picture tutorial (English).

Can I rename files? [Edit]

The names of files that have already been uploaded can be changed by authorized users (admins, stewards and file shifter) - but since this has some disadvantages, please try to upload files as directly as possible under the correct name.

If you Not to the authorized Belongs to users (this is the normal case), you can use the template

on the file description page of the file to be renamed, preferably (but not necessarily) in English. Alternatively, you can use the Move in the drop-down menu next to the search field. Your proposal will then be implemented (in the next few hours or days), provided it complies with the guidelines (see linked page below):

Details under: Commons: Moving files

How can I rotate a picture? [Edit]

Rotating images at the push of a button, as is possible with Flickr, for example, is not possible on the Commons. To rotate an image, you have to upload it rotated as a new version. To save yourself this, there is a link "(request rotation)" under the picture with which you can rotate the picture. The rotation is done by the Cropbot and can take a few hours or days.

The cause of suddenly rotated images was a change in the MediaWiki software that resulted in images suddenly being displayed rotated by 90, 180 or 270 ° (details).

Why is the image displayed unchanged even though I have cropped / rotated / edited it? [Edit]

In general, there can be two places where the problem lies: Either in your browser or on a Wikimedia server. Both store local copies of images in caches so that they don't have to be reloaded every time. If these copies are out of date, the cache must be cleared completely or for the specific image, see Help: Purge. You can find more information on this on the Help: Cache page in the German-language Wikipedia.

My file has been deleted. Why? [Edit]

There can be several reasons for this. In the best case, you have been informed of the upcoming deletion on your discussion page - with a reason for the deletion or a link for discussion on Commons: Deletion requests. These are the most common reasons:

  1. You accidentally did not upload the file at all or under a different name. Sometimes just a typo is the reason - a reversed letter or “.JPG” instead of “.jpg” when specifying the image name can mean that the image cannot be found. You can find your own contributions under Special: Contributions.
  2. The picture was not from you, but obviously from someone else and has been deleted due to possible copyright infringement.
  3. The picture came from you, but the information about the author was incomprehensible. This happens, for example, if the uploading user has a pseudonym (User: Superstar1234), but a real name is specified as the author (Max Mustermann) or a website or a link to a picture somewhere on the Internet. The source must always be traceable to third parties.
  4. The information on the author and the license was either missing or unreliable. Permitted licenses are written on Commons: Licenses.

Files with

  • unfree or missing licenses,
  • Permissions with the clause "only for Wikipedia" or "released for use in Wikipedia",
  • Restrictions of the license such as "further use only with the permission of the author",
  • Information such as "freely usable press material",
  • Images of CD covers, logos, TV shows, YouTube videos, official press photos, works of art in museums and all other material that is obviously copyrighted

On Commons: Licenses say what is allowed here and what is not. (Yes, the list is long and complicated, but you learn something for that.)

What can you do? If you think your file was wrongly deleted, contact Commons: Restore Requests. First take a look at the deletion log.

How do I get approval for someone else's picture? [Edit]

You want to upload a picture that you did not take yourself. To do this, you need the author's written consent to place the image under a free license. (If the author is no longer alive, you have to ask the heirs.) Please use the declaration of consent and follow the instructions there.

How can I have a page or an image deleted? [Edit]

  1. Commons: Read guidelines on deletion.
  2. Quick deletion requests ({{speedydelete}}) are suitable for accidental uploads, obviously stolen files ({{copyvio | optional URL}}, duplicates ({{duplicate | other file}}.
  3. A "normal" request for deletion should be made in English - Commons: Request for deletion is the right place for this.

Can I upload logos? [Edit]

Currently not. Very simple logos are an exception. You can upload them with the license module {{PD-Trademark-Text-Logo}}.

Which file types can I use? [Edit]

The answer is Commons: Admission Criteria. Only free file formats are used, including MIDI and Ogg-Vorbis for audio files, Ogg-Theora for videos, PNG, JPEG, SVG, and PDF for image files. The patented formats MP3, AAC, WMA, MPEG, AVI are not accepted. For more details and file formats see Commons: File Types.

How big can a digital photo be? [Edit]

Saved as large as possible, with as little loss as possible (= uncompressed). What your camera has to offer. Experience shows that storage space is becoming cheaper, computers are getting faster, screen resolutions are growing, and demands on image size and quality are increasing. Years ago 1024x768 was still an acceptable digital photo format - now cell phone photos produce larger images. For the reader, the file size has no influence on the loading time, as the images are scaled on the server. In addition: The original from your camera contains much more image information from which an image editing professional can get something out of it. As you can see, reducing and compressing images is a lot of work for you, has many disadvantages and few advantages.

If you think the picture needs to be edited, Wikipedia will help you: Photo workshop / Wikipedia: Graphics workshop. By the way: For post-processing of images, an original photo that is as unchanged as possible, as large and as detailed as possible is required.

Do I have to delete old file versions? [Edit]

You don't need to delete old versions of files - it doesn't save any storage space. If this includes vandalism, copyright infringement, or a corrupt file, contact an administrator.

I accidentally overwritten an existing picture! [Edit]

No panic. The file versions are listed on the picture description page. There is also an "Undo" / "rev [ert]" button with which an old file version can be restored.

A picture was vandalized!

Answer: Revert immediately (see the section above). The vandal version should be deleted by an administrator; to do this, you have to set a quick deletion request with {{speedydelete}} and write a note that only one version should be deleted.

An image is not displayed [edit]

If an image is not visible, it could be for one of the following reasons (in the order in which they appear):

  1. The servers are overwhelmed - have a coffee and try again later.
  2. The cache of the server or your browser is not up to date. The de: Help: Cache page can help.
  3. Your browser has an ad blocker that holds thumbnails for advertising banners because of their width of 180px (or similar). Add wikimedia.org and wikipedia.org to the whitelist of your ad blocker.
  4. The image file is faulty. Download it and see if you can open it in an image editing program.

How do I create a category? [Edit]

  1. Search Commons to see if a suitable category isn't already there.
  2. Enter in the search window and click Search. A red link to your new category will appear at the top. Click on it, then the editing window will open.
  3. Add the category to one or more existing main categories by entering them in the editing window. For example, the Category: Stars in art would be entered in this way in its main categories
[[Category: Art by subject | Stars]] [[Category: Stars | Art]]

Commons: Categories provides further help.

How do I add pictures to a category? [Edit]

  1. First of all, you have to find suitable categories for the image. Basic rule: take the most specific category you can find. It is best to look at several comparable pictures.
  2. Open the image description page for editing by clicking on the "edit" or "edit" tab at the top.
  3. In the editing window under the license information, add the appropriate categories as follows:
[[Category: Stars in Art]]
  1. Make sure to use existing categories. If a category is displayed in red, it may exist under a different name or it may have to be created again.
  2. show Preview
  3. to save

Commons: Categories provides further help.

Why can't a category be up to date? [Edit]

Sometimes the categories are not manually added to a page by Commons users, but rather via a template that is used to place identical information (including categories) on multiple pages. If the categories of such a template are edited, the pages containing this template are not updated directly. This means that pages are not always in the most up-to-date categories. However, this usually only affects maintenance categories and not content categories.

How do I add a license or image description? [Edit]

  1. Open the image description page for editing by clicking on the "edit" or "edit" tab at the top.
  2. You can find license modules under Commons: License templates.

Where can I set the language, appearance / skin, operation and other things for myself personally? [Edit]

If you are a registered user then yes. You have to go to your settings for this. Change at will. Finally, click on "Save settings" to activate the new settings. If you are not a registered user or are not logged in, you can, for example, change the skin / appearance via URL parameters (example: useskin = monobook so completely http://commons.wikimedia.org?useskin=monobook).

You can change the language here without logging in: select German in the sidebar on the left or at the top of some pages.

What language should be used on Commons? [Edit]

Theoretically: any language in which there is a Wikipedia. In fact: primarily English, but there are also a lot of German-speaking employees and the German-speaking Commons: Forum. More on this under Commons: Language.

  • Image descriptions should exist in your own native language as well as in English, ideally in other important languages. The different languages ​​are marked with a module:
  • Names of categories and galleries: generally in English, with a few exceptions:
    • Animals and plants: Latin names
    • Cities, countries, rivers, regions, administrative units, etc .: in the national language
    • Works of art, pieces of music, literature, etc.: in the original language
  • The names in other languages ​​are created as a forwarding to the gallery page.
  • Filenames: See Commons: File Naming. In short: please use meaningful, descriptive file names. German filenames (File: headlights at the Brandenburg Gate in Abenddämmerung.jpg) can be used as well as English filenames (File: Traffic jam at the Tower of London in May 2008.jpg).

What should the image description look like? [Edit]

The picture description page must contain the following information:

  1. Description of the image, if possible in several languages ​​(see above)
  2. Author of the picture (photographer, draftsman, illustrator)
    - If you are the author: your username, if you want your real name as well
    - If someone else is the author: Their life data or their approval.
  3. the right license template
  4. at least one category

You can also add this information later by calling up the image description page and clicking the "edit" tab.

Which jurisdiction applies to the Commons? [Edit]

It has not been conclusively clarified which copyright and personal rights can be applied to commons material. As a precaution, there is a compromise: The uploaded material should be legally correct in the country of origin and in the USA (where the servers are located). There are exceptions, however, where so far only the case law of the country of origin has been taken into account (Commons: freedom of panorama).

Galleries or categories? [Edit]

In the early days of Commons, this was the subject of heated discussions - both have their advantages. Categories have largely prevailed in Commons, which are supplemented by galleries in a few cases. In general, files should be organized in such a way that they can be found again, i.e. integrated into as many categories and / or galleries as possible.

In general, a category cannot completely replace a gallery and vice versa. A category is more suitable for a very large number of images, a gallery offers the possibility of sorting, selection and multi-lingual commenting.

What is an administrator and how can I become one? [Edit]

Information on this is available under Commons: Administrators.

I can not speak English. Who will help me? [Edit]

The Wikipedians and Commonsians in the Commons: Forum.

Where can I ask questions? [Edit]

In the German-language Commons: Forum or in the English-language Commons: Village pump as well as in every language in the Commons: Help desk.