Who published the King James Bible

From the Geneva Bible to the King James Bible of 1611

King James Bible first edition from 1611 - copy from the biblical collection of the Württemberg State Library in Stuttgart

 

 

The King James Bible is arguably the most famous English Bible. It was published in 1611 and is still the most printed book in the world to this day!

 

The Sylt Bible Exhibition shows a 1: 1 facsimile of this world-famous Bible

 

The history of the English Bible is marked by the blood of martyrs. The Protestants fared particularly cruelly under the rule of Maria I Tudor (* February 18, 1516 - November 17, 1558), also known as Maria the Catholic or Maria the Bloody.

 

(Following section from Wikipdia)

The Calvinist William Whittingham, who fled England from the persecution of Mary I, worked with others in Geneva to revise the English Bible. The revision was based on the Bible translations by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale, which were compared with the Greek original text of the New Testament and the Hebrew original text of the Old Testament. The New Testament of the Geneva Bible first appeared in 1557. The first complete version of the Geneva Bible then appeared in 1560 and was thus able to compete with the officially recognized Bishop's Bible.

 

The notes in the Geneva Bible, however, had a strong Calvinist and Puritan character, which the Church of England, as well as the English King James I, greatly displeased. In order to replace the now successful Geneva Bible, the English Bible was revised again at the beginning of the 17th century. 1611 became this King James Version released.

Between 1560 and 1640 the Geneva Bible was published in 96 editions, eight of which appeared after the King James was published. All editions prior to 1575 were printed outside of England.

 

Also this section from Wikipedia

The King James Bible (KJB; English King James Version (KJV), King James Bible (KJB) and Authorized Version (AV)) is an English translation of the Bible. It was created for the Anglican Church on behalf of King James I of England. This is where the name King James Bible comes from, because King James is the English-language form of King Jacob. It has been the most influential English language translation of the Bible since it was first published in 1611. In the period that followed, seven editions were published; the one created in 1769 is the one mainly used today.

 

King James I (June 19, 1566 - March 27, 1625) convened a synod at Hampton Court Palace in 1604, where he proposed a new translation to replace the popular Geneva Bible. The translators were asked to follow the teaching of the Anglican Church and to refrain from polemical footnotes. Among other things, he demanded:

  • to follow the "Bishop’s Bible" as far as possible, and to follow everyday usage with the names of biblical persons;
  • to follow traditional ecclesiastical custom, and the word church ("Church") not through congregation ("Municipality") to replace;
  • To use footnotes only to explain words;
  • to find the text of the translation in agreement with all translators;
  • in the event of disagreement, consult other scholars.

The translation was done by 47 scholars, divided into a number of working groups. Each group worked on a Bible passage that was then harmonized with one another.

 

Although the KJB was supposed to replace the "Bishops' Bible" as the official Bible of the Anglican Church, no explicit edict is known. Nevertheless, the KJB prevailed in use in worship.

The Geneva Bible was preferred for a long time by broad sections of the population; it remained in use until the English Civil War. Thereafter, its use was considered politically problematic as it represented the bygone era of Puritanism. The KJB achieved widespread use and popularity.

 

Today the King James Bible is the most printed book in the world!