What is generalization in research

Between singularity and general validity: type formation as a qualitative strategy of generalization

Between singularity and general validity: type formation as a qualitative strategy in generalization
[Collective contribution]

Corporate editor
German Society for Sociology (DGS)

Abstract

"Questions of validity and generalization represent a challenge for qualitative research. In contrast to quantitative research, which has a generalization strategy with the trick of random sampling that intends to create legitimacy through procedures ... more

"Questions of validity and generalization represent a challenge for qualitative research. Unlike quantitative research, which has a generalization strategy with the contrivance of random sampling, which intends to create legitimacy through procedures, qualitative research does not have such a general formula. Achieving generalizations about a representative sample of cases is largely denied to qualitative research, because firstly, samples of this type are difficult to realize because of the large number of cases, and secondly, such a sampling strategy also contradicts a theoretically oriented case selection that is inherent in many qualitative approaches such as grounded theory Despite the mostly complex analysis of qualitative research and precisely because of the holistic approach, the accusation of singularity is in the room. How can generalizability be achieved? Type formation can be a strategy in order to overcome the initially plausible, sensible case-based analysis. Cases are aggregated into types, with a type being defined as the constellation of characteristics that remains after deducting everything personal. In this lecture, various strategies of type formation are presented and compared with one another, including the ideal types and real types that can be traced back to Max Weber, the type formation of the documentary method and a construction of type that recurs on Lazarsfeld's concept of the characteristic space. "(Author's lecture) ... less

Thesaurus keywords
Research planning; Ideal type; Research result; Data processing; Research approach; qualitative method; Lazarsfeld, P .; Typology; Empirical Social Research; Weber, M.

classification
Research types of social research

method
descriptive study; Basic research

Title compilation, edited or conference volume
Social inequality, cultural differences: negotiations of the 32nd Congress of the German Society for Sociology in Munich. Partial 1 and 2

editor
Rehberg, Karl-Siegbert

conference
32nd Congress of the German Society for Sociology "Social Inequality - Cultural Differences". Munich, 2004

Language document
German

Year of publication
2006

publishing company
Campus Verl.

Place of publication
Frankfurt am Main

Page reference
Pp. 4047-4056

ISBN
3-593-37887-6

status
Release version; appraised

License
Deposit License - No Redistribution, No Processing