Should the government be abolished


Amalgamation of several states into one state. In contrast to a loose confederation of states, a federal state has a common government. Just like the USA, India, Brazil or Austria, the Federal Republic of Germany is also a federal state.
The Federal Republic of Germany is a federal state. 16 federal states, which are regarded as states, have merged and given themselves a common government. (This distinguishes it from a confederation of states that has no common government.) The Federal Republic of Germany forms a political unit as well as a legal and economic unit. That means: Germany has a common constitution, the Basic Law, a common parliament, the German Bundestag, and a federal government.
The same federal laws apply everywhere in Germany. The economic order, the currency, measures and weights are the same. The Basic Law requires that uniform or equivalent living conditions prevail throughout the entire federal territory.
In addition, the countries have their own constitutions, governments and administrative authorities. State parliaments pass their own state laws, e.g. for the school system. The Basic Law regulates which legislation is due to the federal government and which to the federal states.

The federal and state governments work closely together. In the Bundesrat, the federal states participate in drawing up federal laws. There they have - depending on the number of inhabitants - between 3 and 6 votes, which the respective state government has to cast as a whole. The states can force changes to federal laws in the Bundesrat and, in extreme cases, even bring them down, even though the Bundestag has already passed them (legislation). The federal states also implement most of the federal laws with their civil servants, because the federal government only has its own authorities in a few areas, such as the armed forces, the federal border police, the federal police and customs. The federal government, in turn, participates in a wide range of state projects with financial grants.

The economic performance of the federal states is very different. So that there are still about the same living conditions everywhere in Germany, richer federal states have to give some of their tax revenues to poorer ones in the so-called state financial equalization. In addition, financially weak countries receive special payments from the federal treasury.

According to Article 79 of the Basic Law, the federal order in Germany may not be abolished, no matter how large a majority. On the other hand, reforms of German federalism are possible (federalism reform).



Source: Thurich, Eckart: pocket politik. Democracy in Germany. revised New edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education 2011.