When and where was Moses born
Outstanding leader of the people of Israel in the Old Testament.
Hebrew: Moshe, Greco-Latin: Moses; literally means "the one who pulls out, the savior". In the Bible the name is interpreted as being pulled out of the water (Exodus / Exodus 2:10).
Moses was born when the people of Israel lived in Egypt and had to do slave labor (Exodus 1: 8-14). In addition, the Pharaoh (= the king of Egypt), for fear that the Israelites would become too numerous, ordered their newborn boys to be killed (Exodus / Exodus 1:22). Moses is first hidden by his Israelite mother, then left in a watertight box on the bank of the Nile, where he is found by Pharaoh's daughter (Exodus / Exodus 2: 1-10).
He grew up at Pharaoh's court, but felt a bond with his own people, the Israelites. When he kills an Egyptian overseer who killed one of his fellow nationals, Moses has to flee (Exodus / Exodus 2: 11-15). In a foreign country, God appears to him in a "burning bush" and gives him the task of leading the people of Israel out of Egypt (Exodus / Exodus 3). Because Pharaoh does not want to let the people go, God sends ten plagues to the Egyptians, which Moses announced to Pharaoh (Exodus / Exodus 5–12). After leaving Egypt, the Israelites are persecuted by the Egyptians. But through a miracle God opens a way through the middle of the sea for them (Exodus 14-15).
Moses leads the people through the desert to Mount Sinai. There God makes a covenant with the people and gives them the Ten Commandments through Moses (Exodus / Exodus 20: 1-17).
Moses' relationship with God is characterized by the fact that God speaks to him "like one person to another" (Exodus 33:11). This expresses a special closeness to God. Moses is considered a unique prophet, who far surpasses all other prophets in importance (Deuteronomy / Deuteronomy 34: 10-12). His name is forever associated with the law (Hebrew = Torah), to which Judaism owes its religious identity.
For the New Testament, Moses is important on the one hand as the giver of the law (Matthew 19: 7-8; Luke 24:44) and on the other hand as a prophet who points to JesusChrist (Luke 24:27; John 1:45).
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