What is the importance of natural gas

economy : The importance of natural gas is increasing

Natural gas has a relatively young history as an energy source in Germany. It was not until the 1960s, when large natural gas fields were discovered in Europe, that this so-called primary energy began to slowly displace town gas or coke oven gas made from coal. In 1965, the new energy source covered only one percent of the primary energy consumption in the old federal states with around two billion cubic meters of delivery volume; in eastern Germany, natural gas was first extracted in 1973 in the Salzwedel area (Saxony-Anhalt). Due to its high efficiency and the relatively low-pollutant combustion, natural gas is becoming increasingly popular. It already contributes around 20 percent to German primary energy consumption, and over 40 percent of domestic apartments are kept warm with gas heating. Forecasts assume that the share of German primary energy consumption will increase to 27 percent by 2020. The positive outlook for natural gas is also related to the accessibility of the reservoirs. Europe is strategically extremely favorable to the largest natural gas reserves in the world in Western Siberia, Iran, the Middle East and the North Sea. It is technically and economically possible to make natural gas fields 6,000 to 7,000 kilometers away available for Western Europe via pipelines. Although the reserves are limited, the world reserves of natural gas will still be sufficient for a longer period of time: The world gas reserves that can be safely extracted are currently estimated at a good 140,000 billion cubic meters, which would be sufficient for 65 years at constant consumption. Including the sources that cannot be used economically today for reasons of cost, the gas will last for 170 years.

Now new: We give you 4 weeks of Tagesspiegel Plus! To home page