What makes you fed up with Indonesia

Palm oil instead of food in Indonesia

Whether in food, in industry or for the production of agrofuels: palm oil is so versatile and the oil palm is more productive than any other oil plant - and is in demand accordingly. But the palm oil boom of recent decades has left profound traces: For example in Indonesia, the world's largest palm oil producer. Oil palms grew on 13.5 million hectares of the island state in 2016. A quarter of one of the most biodiverse rainforest areas on earth has had to give way. There is no end in sight to the deforestation that has made the country one of the largest CO2 emitters in the world. Numerous plant and animal species are threatened with extinction, as is the livelihood and cultural identity of millions of people who until then lived from and with the forests.
Threads run to Switzerland

There is a clear government strategy behind the palm oil expansion in Indonesia. In the past few decades, the latter has generously overlooked traditional land use rights and granted concessions to palm oil companies. Protests are criminalized and protesters are forcibly removed. Switzerland also shares responsibility for the destruction on Indonesia: Various large Swiss banks - including CS and UBS - are investing in the lucrative business with vegetable gold. In addition, Switzerland is currently negotiating a free trade agreement with Malaysia, the second largest palm oil producer of palm oil. Among other things, this provides for import relief for palm oil.

Last but not least, the Round Table for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), which is supported by the Swiss government, has its seat here. It awards a certificate for sustainably produced palm oil, which, however, is issued by Indonesian and international organizations - and also by bread for everyone - is criticized as «greenwashing». 90 percent of the palm oil certified by the RSPO comes from Malaysia and Indonesia, where many plantations can be shown not to comply with the RSPO criteria or other serious sustainability standards and human rights.