What did medieval fools do

Jester

Jester. Since the 12th century, the court jester often belonged to the court of ma. Lords, a witty jester who often had a conspicuous appearance (for example short, hunchbacked, long-nosed, crooked-mouthed). He was able to be close to his master as a counselor and confidant and to have considerable influence. Outwardly, he was identified by a conspicuous costume (fur dress and hood, in the SMA. Doublet and trousers in Mi-parti, fool's cap with bells, donkey ears or cockscomb) and a fool's scepter with a doll's head. The fool's freedom consisted in being allowed to mock with impunity, to speak out uncomfortable and frowned upon. The underlying sense of keeping court jesters should have been that the presence of the defect should always remind the ruler of his own imperfection and frailty. Often the fool was antithetically contrasted with the ruler or - as the embodiment of wisdom - his chancellor (e.g. in the sculpture of Niklaus Türing at the Golden Roof in Innsbruck, around 1500; here the fool - consiliarius insipiens - and the chancellor - consiliarius sapiens - are symmetrical assigned).
The country of origin of the ma. Court jester idea might have been France, where it was already in 10./11. Century should have arisen. From there, the "court jester" phenomenon spread everywhere and grew in importance until the middle of the 16th century. In hardly any visualization of the time, be it from ancient, biblical or current scenes, the figure of the fool was missing. (see fool)