Which is the hottest region of the sun
The hottest places on earth
This year's summer in Germany was again hotter than it should have been. Although the summer was somewhat more moderate compared to previous years, new record temperatures were measured. The average temperature in Germany between June and August was 18.2 degrees Celsius. If one compares these temperatures with the recorded internationally valid reference periods from 1981 to 2010, the German summer 2020 was around 1.1 degrees Celsius above the average temperature. This year's maximum temperature, which was 38.6 degrees Celsius, was measured on August 9 in Trier-Petrisberg. This temperature should already make most people sweat. But it can be much hotter. Read everything about the hottest places on earth below.
Dascht-e Lut desert, Iran
The Dascht-e Lut Desert, which is located in the extreme southeast of Iran, is likely to be the hottest place on earth. The maximum temperatures here can be beyond 70 degrees Celsius. This region is not habitable for humans because the heat is life-threatening. Plants can only be found here very rarely. However, there are areas that are known to have desert plants growing there. These zones can be found in the southern Dascht-e Lut desert, for example. There is an area there called Nika. Here plants grow on small hills, which consist of sand, mud, clay or slit. Despite the extreme temperatures, animal species can be found in the Lut desert that have adapted to the local conditions, such as scorpions, foxes or any bird species. Due to the prevailing hot temperatures and the wind conditions there, the Dascht-e Lut desert has a special topography. For this reason the Lut Desert has been declared a Unesco World Heritage Site.
When you think of Australia, you usually first think of the impressive Great Barrier Reef, which is the largest continuous coral reef on earth. But Australia also has a lot of inland desert to offer, despite thriving coastal regions. In 2003 a NASA satellite measured the second hottest temperature on earth in this desert region, which was 69.3 degrees Celsius. Australia's desert should therefore not be underestimated if you as a tourist want to go to the so-called “Badland” as a vacation trip. However, since tourists are often not aware of the dangers, part of the desert had to be made inaccessible to tourists in 2009. One of the animal species resident in the Badlands is the large rabbit-nosed butler, which is one of the Australian marsupials. These survive the heat by digging underground tunnel systems, which can be two to three meters deep.
The Flaming Mountains, China
The region in China owes its name to the red sandstone hills, which stretch up to around 500 meters and therefore look like red flames from a distance with the trenches in between. The region with the Flaming Mountains is located on the northern edge of the Turpan Oasis and was created by a movement of the tectonic plates around 50 million years ago, which also formed the Himalayan Mountains. For the locals, the striking, red mountains have always been associated with legends and mythologies. In Chinese mythology, for example, it is said that the place emerged from a heap of ashes when a monkey king knocked vigorously on a stove. The highest measured temperature in the Flaming Mountains was 66.8 degrees Celsius, which was measured in 2008. However, the average temperature is around 49 degrees Celsius.
El Azizia, Libya
El Azizia in Libya differs from the other places presented in that people actually live here. El Azizia is a city which is around 55 km southeast of Tripoli and in which around 4000 people live. The highest measured temperature was 57.8 degrees Celsius. This gave the city the fourth highest measured temperature on earth. It should be said that this temperature was measured during a sand storm in 1922. Temperatures in El Azizia are usually around 37 degrees Celsius in July. Thus, the temperature is bearable for the locals living there. Natives of the desert city live on an important trade route to southern Libya. In addition, El Azizia is located on a fertile plain, which allows the cultivation of agricultural goods. Tourists also come to the region, for example to visit the local castle, Qasr Al-Hajj.
Death Valley, USA
Death Valley is located in the Mojave Desert on the border between the US states of California and Nevada. Death Valley is the hottest place in the United States, with a maximum temperature of 56 degrees Celsius and average temperatures between 42 and 48 degrees Celsius. An indigenous Indian tribe is one of the residents' groups in this region. But a number of tourists also come to the Death Valley National Park. The only overnight accommodation for tourists is in Furnace Creek, a tiny place that consists of a few overnight accommodations for visitors and is located in the middle of the national park. The place is ideally suited to marvel at the nearby nature - despite its name, Death Valley is home to around 1000 plant and 400 animal species, which have adapted surprisingly well to the local climatic conditions.
This year's summer has made many of us sweat. But it can also be much hotter. The Dascht-e Lut desert in Iran has the highest temperatures on earth, beyond 70 degrees, which makes this area uninhabitable for us humans. This year's temperature record in Germany is currently around 38 degrees. We hope that you have cooled down a bit by now and are looking forward to the coming autumn.
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