What are the types of system 1

Tariff register
North Rhine-Westphalia

Collective agreements regulate the rights and obligations of the collective bargaining parties to one another.

Employers / employers' associations and trade unions agree on binding legal standards for the employment relationship and the respective working conditions. There are different types of collective agreements:

Industry / area collective agreements

Area collective agreements are those collective agreements in which the collective bargaining parties have agreed that the collective agreement should apply to entire industries and certain regional areas - e.g. for the whole of North Rhine-Westphalia. There are currently regional collective agreements in around 174 branches of industry in North Rhine-Westphalia.

A sectoral collective agreement can be valid for just one or for several branches of the economy, such as the entire metal and electrical industry, so that in such cases it is often referred to as a so-called sectoral collective agreement.

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Wage and salary collective agreements / remuneration collective agreements

are contracts with the shortest term. As a rule, they are valid for one year. They almost exclusively regulate the level of wages, salaries and training allowances (remuneration).

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Framework collective agreements

usually have a longer term. They mostly relate to the description of job and qualification characteristics for the individual wage and salary groups and the criteria for the respective classification.

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General collective agreements

are concluded on a long-term basis. They mainly contain the basic and generally applicable agreements on specific working conditions, such as probationary periods, notice periods, weekly working hours, regulations on shift work, etc.

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Company collective agreements

A company that is not organized in an employers' association and would like to take into account special operational issues relating to economic strength or the object of production can, if necessary, agree a collective agreement with the relevant trade union that is tailored to the special needs of the company. Due to the limitation of the geographical scope to the company or the company, these collective agreements are referred to as company collective agreements.

In company collective agreements, the contents of the industry-specific association collective agreements are also often adopted. One then speaks of a recognition collective agreement.

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Follow-up collective agreements

Collective agreements that take effect immediately after the termination date with the newly negotiated agreements are called follow-up collective agreements.

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Parallel collective agreements

Here collective agreements with the same content are concluded by different unions and employers' associations or employers.

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Emergency or restructuring collective agreements

Company-specific deviation from the tariff standards of the respective industry in order to avoid an economic emergency or even bankruptcy. Mostly waiver or partial waiver of special payments as well as extension of working hours (without wage compensation) or working time reduction measures with betterment agreements and usually exclusion of redundancies for operational reasons.

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Other collective agreements

There are collective bargaining agreements that are concluded for special provisions or new issues that are particularly important in terms of collective bargaining policy, e.g. for protection against rationalization, vacation and Christmas bonuses, continued payment in the event of illness, through the social security system, supplementary allowance for old-age security, capital-building benefits. In many collective bargaining areas, these topics are also included in framework or general collective bargaining agreements. This differs from branch to branch and is ultimately an expression and effect of collective bargaining autonomy.

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