How are noncommunicable diseases transmitted

Non-communicable diseases

In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (call up an encyclopedia entry for the term) *, the international community has set itself the goal of "reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by a third by 2030 through prevention and treatment" (Goal 3.4).

To support the individual countries in their commitment, the WHO has identified 16 cost-effective priority measures for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and drawn up an action plan for the period 2013-2020. The action plan contains nine global targets to improve the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. Among other things, the topic is to be anchored more firmly in global, regional and national health strategies.

Since many risk factors for non-communicable diseases are preventable, countries should also step up their efforts to create a health-friendly environment. To achieve this, efforts must go beyond strengthening health systems and encompass all policy areas.

Possible measures to prevent non-communicable diseases include, for example, the taxation of tobacco and alcohol, the subsidization of healthy food, smoking bans, measures to improve air quality, education programs in schools or government programs for health promotion and early detection.

Together with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), WHO is also promoting the development of applications for mobile phones that provide users with concrete tips for a healthier lifestyle that are suitable for everyday use.