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Study in Canada
At first glance, Canada's university landscape appears as colorful as the country's population. This is primarily due to the fact that there is no superordinate state ministry of education. The Responsibility for training and studies lies with the ten provinces and three territories of Canada.
Ultimate Power of decision about the amount of tuition fees, admission requirements and study programs, however, have the individual universities. It is therefore very difficult to make a general statement on these points. That is why it always makes sense to clarify this in relation to the specific university of your choice.
A second look at Canada's higher education landscape reveals that it shows far fewer differences than, for example, that of its southern neighbor, the USA. There are no such great differences in quality between the individual universities as there are in Canada. There are several reasons for this. For one, Canada invests a large amount in education compared to other OECD countries. On the other hand, the Canadian universities stand in one increasingly intense competition together. This means that all universities in the country by the bank high quality study programs offer that stand out for their strong practical relevance distinguish. The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC), which regularly reviews the performance of the individual universities. The performance of the teachers is also checked in evaluations and class visits, which has further positive effects on the quality of teaching.
Types of higher education institutions in Canada
Basically, Canada's higher education landscape is divided into universities and colleges. The universities offer the academic degrees Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. at. The Colleges however, traditionally offer job-related or preparatory courses that start with a Certificate or Diploma to lock. In recent years, many colleges have also launched academic bachelor's degree programs. These are often by the addition Bachelor of Applied Sciences / Business to recognize. For these degrees, however, applicants should inquire about two things in advance:
- Is the bachelor's degree offered sufficient to be admitted to a master’s degree at Canadian universities?
- Is the qualification recognized in Germany?
Figure: German students abroad 2012 (Canada), source: Federal Statistical Office
About the study system and degrees
You can improve your English and French while studying in Canada's capital, Ottawa.
To study in Canada you can go to a university or a college walk. The Canadian study system differs in part from the German system. In Canada, for example, in addition to the classic Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. degrees, there are other professional university degrees that are not recognized in Germany.
There are also one or two differences compared to Germany with regard to the grading system and the division of the academic year.
Classic university degrees: Bachelor, Master and Ph.D.
The study in Canada is divided into two sections. in the Undergraduate section the students complete a bachelor’s degree, at the end of which they are then Graduate Section can attach a master’s degree and a Ph.D.
The bachelor's degree in Canada lasts three to four years, whereby a year is divided into two semesters or three trimesters. The first two to three semesters of the bachelor's degree are usually some kind of study general. This serves to deepen general education and prepare for the actual subject. Only after this introductory period do the students specialize in their chosen major, the so-called major.
If you want to do a Masters in Canada, you usually have to get the title Bachelor of Honors show. The Honors Degree is acquired in an additional fourth year of study for three-year bachelor's degree programs. In four-year bachelor's programs, students write an additional thesis through which they gain the title Bachelor of Honors acquire.
The master’s degree in Canada is like in Germany one to two years created. The students have the opportunity to choose between one Master by Research and one Master by Coursework to choose. The Master by Coursework Its structure is similar to that of a bachelor's degree: the students attend courses and lectures and regularly write term papers and exams. The focus at Master by Research is based on a largely independently carried out research work.
After that, students can earn the highest academic degree, the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). The Doctoral Studies in Canada are similar to the German doctoral program and take at least three years in claim.
Other university degrees
In addition to the degrees mentioned, Canadian universities sometimes offer postgraduate courses. These close with a Canadian Post-Degree Diploma or a Canadian Post-Degree Certificate from. These study programs last between six months and a year. They offer students the opportunity to deepen the knowledge they have acquired in their bachelor's degree. The degrees are not recognized as a degree in Germany. However, they can represent an interesting additional qualification on the job market.
The Canadian Colleges Offer vocational training courses that last between one and three years and with a Certificate or Diploma to lock. They can best be compared with German vocational training. The recognition these degrees in Germany is however not easy. Therefore, they are only suitable to a limited extent for German applicants. Interested parties should therefore find out in advance whether the qualification will be recognized in their specific case.
From College to University - Transfer Programs
However, those are interesting Transfer Programs the Canadian Colleges: These should prepare you for university studies. These are two-year study programs that start with the Associate Degree to lock. After this Canadian associate degree, students can in the third academic year of a professionally appropriate Bachelor's degree get ranked. There they can acquire their bachelor's degree within a further two years. Such a two-part bachelor's degree has advantages: On the one hand, the tuition fees are on Colleges often lower than at universities. For another let Colleges partly also Applicants without a university entrance qualification to study too. Thus, they also offer applicants without a high school diploma a way to acquire an internationally recognized bachelor's degree.
Interested parties should inquire in advance whether the change from college at the university of your choice is possible without any problems. Between many Colleges and universities exist Cooperation agreement. Such agreements are intended to facilitate switching between the two institutions. However, the universities act completely autonomously. Therefore, applicants should play it safe and get this possibility confirmed by both universities.
Study alternatives - Summer Sessions and Visiting Student Program
International students who do not want to do a full study abroad in Canada also have the opportunity to study in Canada for a while.
One way to do this is to take part in a short-term study program such as the so-called summer sessions. Many universities offer these summer sessions. They take place between May and September. It is about Intensive programs at bachelor levelin which the entire material of a semester is covered in just five to ten weeks. For international students, the summer sessions are a unique opportunity to spend almost a complete semester abroad during their home semester break.
Visiting student program
Another way to get to know Canada is by attending a Visiting studentprogram These semester programs allow international students to study abroad for one or two semesters at a Canadian university of their choice. In doing so, they will not in a certain Semester or a certain Degree program classified. For this reason, you can put together your own schedule from the entire range of offers at the university. On the one hand, this system enables them to coordinate their events with the curriculum at their German home university. On the other hand, students can explore other interests and skills.
Studying in Canada: requirements
To study in Canada is usually the General University Entrance Qualification necessary. Since the higher education entrance qualification in Canada is acquired after twelve school years, the German is sufficient in some cases High school diplomato start a bachelor's degree in Canada. At the colleges there is also some Middle school leaving certificate plus vocational training sufficient to be admitted to the course.
For the Masters in Canada, applicants must have a Bachelor's degree. Since in Canada only a four-year bachelor's degree qualifies for a master's degree, the German bachelor's degree not recognized in every case. The Canadian universities usually check individually whether the study achievements achieved in the bachelor's degree are sufficient to start straight into the master's degree in Canada. The old Magister and diploma degrees are in most cases sufficientto be accepted for a Masters degree in Canada.
In addition to their respective diplomas, applicants must also demonstrate sufficient language skills to be admitted to study abroad in Canada. Since Canada is bilingual, there is both English and French speaking universities. The universities in Canada where the language of instruction is English clearly outnumber them. The French-speaking institutions are mainly located in the south of the province of Québec. There are also some colleges that teach in both English and French.
As Proof of proficiency in English A standardized test such as the IELTS or TOEFL is usually sufficient. The Knowledge of French will be in individual tests queried. For some master’s programs, further academic admission tests such as the GRE (Graduate Record Examination) or the GMAT (Graduate Management Admissions Test) required.
Application process for semesters abroad and summer sessions
In contrast to the application process for a full-time study in Canada, the application process for semesters abroad and summer sessions is more likely uncomplicated. As a rule, applicants only have to prove their Abitur or advanced technical college entrance qualification. In addition, they must have sufficient knowledge of English or French to be able to follow the lectures.
Costs and financing options
As already mentioned, the tuition fees in Canada differ greatly depending on which province or territory and at which university you are studying. In principle, international students pay significantly higher tuition fees than their local fellow students, as the study places for local students are subsidized through taxpayers' money. For studying in Canada, however, the costs are on average below those that students have to plan for studying in the neighboring country of the USA.
International students in Canada can expect the following fees:
- For a Bachelor degree pay between CAD $ 5,000 and CAD $ 30,000 per academic year. The preparatory programs at the colleges are usually a little cheaper.
- A Masters program costs between CAD $ 8,000 and CAD $ 34,000.
- Participation in a Visiting studentprogram is already possible for CAD $ 6,000 to CAN $ 9,000 per semester.
Then there is the cost of living. These are roughly comparable to those in Germany and should be estimated at around CAD $ 1,000 per month.
Foreign student loans, scholarships and student loans
There are several funding options available to cover the cost of studying in Canada. For students who only want to spend one or two semesters in Canada, financing through BAföG abroad is particularly useful. This is up to EUR 4,600 for a maximum of one year Grant towards tuition fees paid. There are also others Travel and living expenses subsidies. Students should inquire at the BAföG office responsible for Canada in Ilmenau whether they meet the requirements for the BAföG abroad. This can even be the case if you are not eligible for BAföG in Germany because your parents' income is too high. This is because the tax base is different.
There are also some ways to get a scholarship to study in Canada. The DAAD and various church, party-affiliated or private foundations write annually Full and partial scholarships for students with particularly good grades. The Canadian government and the Canadian universities also award scholarships to international students. Some of College Contact's Canadian partner universities also offer scholarships to international students.
Another way to finance your dream of studying in Canada is with low-interest education and student loans.
Working while studying abroad in Canada
Full-time students can also, under certain conditions, with their study permit (study permit) during the semester up to 20 hours a week work. During the Semester break can you Full time work.
Visa and entry requirements
With a stay of less than six months is for applicants from Germany, Austria and Switzerland no visa for Canada necessary. From March 15, 2016, travelers will need a so-called for this short stay eTA (electronic travel authorization).
At longer study visits international students must have a study permit (study permit) apply. This should be done in advance of your stay in Canada Visa Application Center (VAC) in Düsseldorf be requested. For this purpose, the applicants have to prove, among other things, that they have sufficient financial means to be able to bear all costs themselves. A police clearance certificate is also often required.
There is one in Canada Compulsory health insurance. Many colleges offer international students enrollment Insurance packages at. In many cases, however, it is just as possible and often even cheaper to take out foreign health insurance in Germany.
Work permit for Canada
The study permit includes since June 2014 at the same time a work permit for Canada, both for on campus- as well as for off campus-Jobs (Off-Campus Work Permit Program). In many cases, the host universities have information on this ready.
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