Which country owns Zanzibar
Entry requirements Tanzania & Zanzibar
In order to get to Zanzibar, some of the entry regulations stipulate that proof of a yellow fever vaccination must be provided. However, this is only the case if you have previously been in an epidemic area for more than 12 hours. As a rule, this only applies to those arriving by sea. Exceptions are direct flights from other African countries with a previous longer stay. In addition to yellow fever protection, the Federal Foreign Office and the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin recommend the Refreshment of all standard vaccinations, especially against Measles, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, and polio. In addition, immunization against hepatitis A, in the case of long-term stays and special exposure, is also against Hepatitis B, rabies, typhoid and meningococci advisable. Mosquito-borne diseases are widespread in Tanzania & Zanzibar. During the rainy season, massive outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya can occur on the coast. Protect yourself against this with long, light-colored clothing and repellent sprays. Infected mosquitoes are usually diurnal. The protective measures also help against the African tick bite fever that occurs in the Tanzanian national parks and against the sleeping sickness transmitted by the tsetse fly. At night there is a risk of contracting malaria. Since the most dangerous variant of the virus, malaria tropica, is widespread in Tanzania, chemoprophylaxis should definitely be considered. You can have the medication prescribed by a tropical medicine specialist and then receive it from the pharmacy. Many German health insurance companies cover part of the costs. The risk of malaria is comparatively low at altitudes above 1,800m and on the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. The probability also decreases during the dry season in metropolises like Dar es Salaam.
With consistent food hygiene, you will avoid infection with various diarrheal diseases such as cholera. Food should always be thoroughly cooked, washed and peeled. You only consume water from tightly closed bottles that you have bought in one of the shops. Regular hand washing with soap also reduces the risk of infection. You should only go swimming in waters that are signposted for this purpose. Some fresh waters such as Lake Victoria are contaminated in places by worm larvae that can cause schistosomiasis. You are on the safe side at the Indian Ocean. When hiking, it is advisable to wear sturdy shoes to avoid possible contact with poisonous animals such as snakes, spiders, scorpions and centipedes.
Before using clothing, shoes, hats, duvets and toilets, always check that no unwanted animal guests have nested. If you want to go on mountain hikes, e.g. on Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru, find out about the symptoms of altitude sickness in advance. In the event of breathing problems or noticeable impairments of cognitive performance (confusion and disorientation), an immediate descent to at least 1,000m is necessary and essential for survival.
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