Does Jesus have power over sin?
Keyword: sin, sinner
In contrast to "guilt", "sin" describes the disturbed relationship between man and God. Sin is expressed in disregard for God's will. Ultimately, it leads to death and ruin.
Man's sin consists in abusing his God-given freedom to oppose him. He does not want to accept his limitation, but rather "to be like God" himself (cf. Genesis 3: 5). In doing so, he misses his determination to live as a creature in an undisturbed relationship with his Creator. By abusing the freedom given by God, humans gamble away it at the same time. Because as soon as he turns away from God and follows other influences, these gain power over him and he is trapped in destructive conditions. This affects all areas of his life: the relationship with fellow human beings, with himself and also with non-human nature. According to the biblical understanding, all human beings are inevitably entangled in sin and cannot overcome it on their own. Only through God's forgiveness can they become free and start a new life.
It is the message of the New Testament that JesusChrist came into the world to take away the sin of men. God has given him the authority to forgive people of their guilt and thus to deliver them from the power of sin. This is expressed programmatically in the story of the healing of the paralyzed man in Capernaum (Mark 2.1-12) and in the subsequent narrative that Jesus eats with the tax collectors and other people burdened with guilt (Mark 2.15-17 ) underlined again. In this table fellowship it becomes clear what it will be like when people are finally reconciled to God again in the kingdom of God (Mark 14:25).
Paul describes the forgiveness of sins through the saving act of JesusChrist with the image of the "old" and "new Adam" (Romans 5: 12-21): Through Adam's disobedience, sin came into the world and with it death. Since then, no one has been able to escape this fate. But in JesusChrist God gave man his grace. In this sense he is the "last Adam" who gives life to the descendants of the first Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45). Through his death on the cross he redeemed people from their guilt and thus freed them from the power of sin. Whoever belongs to JesusChrist is considered righteous before God. The new life reconciled to God is open to him (Romans 5: 10-11).
1 John expressly warns against fooling yourself and claiming not to be guilty. But those who acknowledge their guilt can trust to share in the reconciliation that Christ brought about through his death on the cross (1 John 1: 7–2, 2).
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