Did the prophet Mohammed kill his pagan parents

Islam: The dangerous prophet

The Dangerous Prophet - Page 1

Many Muslims are still prisoners of the mysterious figure Mohamed, who lived in the 7th century. But the historical Mohamed is also a prisoner - the exaggerated veneration and the claim of the Muslims to his inviolability. The omnipresence of the Prophet in education and politics, the overemphasis on the religious component in many Islamic societies prevents the emergence of alternative sources of identity. Everything goes back to him, he hovers above everything and determines the everyday life of Muslim citizens, politicians and theologians. At the same time, the Muslims' emotional bond with Mohamed and the unreflected exaggeration of the prophet prevent a historical-critical confrontation with the founder of Islam.

When I was still a devout Muslim, I thought I knew everything about Mohamed just because I had read his biography, the Koran and his numerous hadiths - his non-Koranic statements. As a researcher, however, I had to gain a critical distance. The more I studied Mohamed, the more I felt like I was holding a set of tarot cards. Some of these cards gave comfort and hope; others were terrifying. Here the ethical preacher from Mecca, there the intolerant warlord in Medina. Here the person who pleads for compassion and forgiveness, there the mass murderer and mentally ill tyrant.

So I didn't want to write a new biography of Mohamed, but a very personal approach to his life, a "reckoning". It is based not only on today's standards, but also on the moral and social criteria of that time. Because, from the point of view of his contemporaries, Mohamed did a lot of reprehensible things. In addition, I try to understand the political and psychological motives for his actions.

The addiction to power and recognition

Mohamed was an orphan who did not grow up with his family but with foreign Bedouins. When he returned to Mecca, he tended sheep like a slave for his tribe, with which he was evidently little regarded. He not only lacked the love and care of his parents, but also leaders. He was born with the role of lone fighter. He later married a wealthy widow and became a successful caravan guide in her company. He was well off and happy. But at the age of 40 he suddenly got into a crisis of meaning. He wandered alone in the desert, meditated in a cave, had visions and claimed that stones spoke to him. He suffered from anxiety and had thoughts of suicide. And he believed in a revelation sent to him from heaven.

A second turning point in Mohammed's life was his emigration from Mecca to Medina. Not only was the first Muslim state founded here, it was also where the violent prophet came to the fore, who went over corpses for his goals. The difference between Mohamed in Mecca and Mohamed in Medina is similar to that between the young Marxist theorist Lenin and the Soviet head of state Lenin. After the seizure of power, previously upheld principles faded more and more into the background, the logic of power and the fear of betrayal determined almost everything. Wars called for new wars, and Mohamed began an unprecedented wave of conquest that continues to shape the world to this day.

His ambivalent personality is also understandable through his relationship with women. He did not treat her like a tyrant, but rather like a child who suffered from fear of loss - and this shape the situation of Muslim women to this day. The veiling, the plural marriage, the oppression are not least due to Mohamed's fears. Nonetheless, he spoke positively about women, and some Muslims even think that he liberated women.

Mohamed was addicted to power and recognition. He looked for this in women - and in war. In the last eight years of his life alone he fought over 80 wars. Only in the shadow of the sword did he experience the recognition he had always sought. But the more powerful he became, the more he was driven by his power. The more enemies he eliminated, the more his paranoia grew. He controlled his followers in Medina at every turn. He tried to control and regulate everything, even her sleep rhythm. He gathered them to pray five times a day to ensure their loyalty. He warned them of the torments of hell. Sinners were whipped, blasphemers and apostates were killed. He determined what sin was.

An offended outsider as a warlord

The last suras of the Koran laid the seeds of intolerance with their glorification of war and condemnation of the unbelievers. Since the Koran is considered the eternal word of God, which is valid for all time, today's Islamists see the old war passages as legitimation for their worldwide jihad. Mohamed promised his fighters not only eternal paradise, but also rich profits and beautiful women as slaves in this world. That was the hour of birth of the "Islamic economy". Loot of war, the slave trade and the introduction of a poll tax for unbelievers remained the main sources of income for the Islamic rulers for centuries after Mohamed's death. Whether Umayyads, Abbasids, Fatimids, Mamelukes or Ottomans - all Muslim conquerors referred to Mohamed. Today the terrorist gang of the "Islamic State" (IS) justifies its campaigns with the career of the prophet who beheaded prisoners of war and drove infidels from their homes.

But even in the garb of a warlord, Mohamed remained in a certain sense a child. He was a sensitive, aggrieved outsider, permanently disappointed in the world. Whether as a shepherd, trader, preacher or general, Mohamed was constantly looking for a new refuge. Sometimes this refuge was called Khadijah (his first wife), sometimes it was the letters of the Koran, sometimes the believing men, sometimes the loving women. And in the end, the battlefield became his final home.

Mohamed died 1,400 years ago, but was never finally buried. He left behind a set of rules that determine every matter in everyday Muslim life to this day. His social approaches from Mecca donate consolation and salvation. His wars from the Medinan era justify violence. He passed on traits of his personality, which one could call pathological, to the Muslims: omnipotence fantasies and megalomania, paranoia and paranoia, inability to criticize and obsessive-compulsive disorder. The best appreciation Mohamed could get today would be to see him for who he was and to overcome belief in his omnipotence. In other words, burying a dangerous idol.

What does a child who receives little attention do? What does a person do who is not recognized by his community? He seeks belonging to a community that is more important than his original one. Today's migrant child from Dinslaken, who has little relation to both his Turkish roots and his German environment and who constantly feels marginalized, may be looking for an imaginary community called Umma, i.e. the community of all believers. The boy finds radical groups on the Internet and on the fringes of Muslim communities that represent only a fraction of the great Islamic identity. He identifies with the suffering and oppression of Muslims in unknown parts of the world. He leaves the old world that has offended him and travels to Syria to become part of the great Ummah utopia. He cuts the throats of unbelievers and dreams of one day conquering Germany in order to get revenge.

Methods like the mafia

A development story as it could have happened 1,400 years ago: Mohamed was a stranger in his own country. His clan misunderstood and offended him. He embarked on a metaphysical escape, in search of a greater identity. Feedback to Abraham was the beginning. Mohamed saw Abraham not only as a role model in terms of monotheism, but also as his biological progenitor. He calls Abraham in the Koran Ummah, a people. He sought the way to Abraham through Ishmael, Abraham's son, who was almost ignored by the Bible. Mohamed saw himself as the chosen one and Ishmael as the pioneer of this being chosen. Mohamed became irascible when someone questioned his affiliation with Ishmael, because this would have broken the connection to Abraham and thus destroyed the founding myth of Islam.

Today's Islamic reformers claim that Islam arose as a moral and social revolution against injustice in Arabia and only later developed into a warlike religion through the Umayyads. Mafia sympathizers argue similarly, claiming that the mafia emerged as a resistance movement against French rule. The word Mafia is an acronym "Morte Alla Francia Italia Anela" - "Italy longs for the death of France". But the mafia has never been a righteous organization. And Islam, too, emerged as a sworn brotherhood, united by a deep distrust of people who do not belong to the family or to the clan. The Koran describes the first community of Muslims as follows: "Mohamed is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are harsh to the unbelievers, but merciful to one another." One is friendly to one another, but merciless towards enemies. A soldier of Mohammed could cry in awe in prayer and behead an unbeliever a few minutes later. Likewise, a mafioso can reverently listen to a sermon on charity in the church and shoot a person in the street a little later.

Another parallel: the boss of the bosses must neither be contradicted nor criticized. A kiss on the hand symbolizes the loyalty of the members and their blind devotion. Mohamed did not accept apologies from his followers when it came to participating in prayer or participating in any of his wars. He said, "No one will be a true believer until he loves me more than his own parents, children, and all people."

Islam emerged as a sworn brotherhood, united by a deep distrust of people who do not belong to the clan

But even despots are only men. Often they have a private life that does not fit their image as sole ruler. Someone who is constantly making the difference between life and death will occasionally want to be weak. Even the prophet was overwhelmed by his own power. The more powerful he got, the more lonely. The older he got, the more adolescent his behavior towards women - sometimes amiable, sometimes ruthless, often insecure and jealous. He required them to wear a full veil, restricted their freedom of movement and only allowed them to talk to men if a wall separated those who spoke.

Mohamed's problem with women

Towards the end of his life he treated women like objects that could be collected at will. The first wife, Khadijah, was followed by eleven others, nine of whom lived in the same house with him. There were also 14 other women with whom he signed a marriage contract, but did not consume the marriage physically. In addition, there were two dozen women he was engaged to. Not to forget his female slaves, whom he captured in the war or received as gifts. Mohamed was possessive even after his death and forbade his wives to marry other men after his death. It must have been particularly tough for his young wife Aisha, because according to Islamic sources she was only 18 years old when she became a widow.

Aischa was only six years old when he married her. For centuries, marrying underage girls in Islam was supposed to be legitimized by Mohamed's marriage to Aisha. Today, many moderate Muslims are rather embarrassed that their prophet married a six-year-old; so they are desperately looking for excuses. Some recall that although he married her when she was six years old, he did not make love with her until three years later. The apologists say that even some nine-year-olds were precocious back then. This can be countered: Firstly, Aischa confirmed that Mohamed had sexually approached her from the start and did almost everything with her except to penetrate her. Second, a nine-year-old girl is a nine-year-old girl, then as now, a child. It was by no means customary in the time of Mohammed for a man to marry a child.

Other apologists question the accuracy of Aisha's age. Too bad: Aischa herself stated her age at the time of marriage. Now some Islamic reformers of the 21st century want nothing more to do with it. They want to transfer their view of the world, which is shaped by humanism, to the prophet. The fact is: Mohamed's behavior cannot only be critically assessed by the standards of the 21st century; it contradicted the prevailing customs even in its day.

Despite his great affection for Aisha, Mohamed married another woman almost every six months on average. The subject of infidelity later became a big issue for him. Not only was the rule of full veiling consistently enforced, new laws to combat adultery were also introduced: Anyone who committed fornication was punished with a hundred lashes. Those who committed adultery were stoned to death. To this day, women in Iraq, Syria and Nigeria are abused as spoils of war and suffer from physical violence almost everywhere in the Islamic world. Acid attacks on unveiled women, genital mutilation, stoning and honor killings are the most brutal forms of misogyny in Muslim societies. Not only can Mohamed and the Koran be blamed for this, but they have made a great contribution to it.

According to the Koran, women have one function above all else in the Muslim community: to "facilitate" men. Before the IS fighters were able to capture Yazidis and Christians as sex slaves, young men were recruited in Syria by saying that sex jihad was allowed there. Conversely, Muslim women from all corners of the world, but especially from North Africa, offer themselves to the jihadists. Sunni scholars who support sexual jihad refer to the Prophet, who allowed his soldiers to enter into "pleasure marriages" with women during long wars. The question of morality does not play a role here, because it is about an even higher principle: jihad.

And after that, what does paradise look like? It consists of a heavenly brothel, where each martyr is entitled to 72 virgins, plus 70 maidservants each. Medieval theologian al-Suyuti wrote: "Every time we sleep with a huri, she turns back into a virgin afterward. A Muslim's penis will never sag. The erection lasts forever, and the pleasure of union is infinitely sweet and out of this world. Each chosen one will have 70 Huris besides his wives he had on earth. All of them will have a deliciously tempting vagina. "

Why does Mohamed still have to decide in the 21st century who is allowed to love or marry whom and what to do, eat or wear?

Hardly any other word has more synonyms in Arabic than the word sexual intercourse. And most of these synonyms do not describe an act of love, but an act of violence. In the first dictionary of Arabic history, the Lisan al-Arab from the year 1290 can be found under the keyword nikah including the following terms: climb, wrestle, attack, hit, injure, exhaust, shoot, be together, knock, kick, fall, collide, penetrate, ambush, stab, howl.

Mohamed himself was not necessarily misogynistic for the time. He has expressed himself positively about women on several occasions and admonished his companions to treat their women lovingly. Nor are there any reports that he has ever hit any of his wives. Nevertheless, in the Koran he perpetuated the right of a man to hit his wife if she was unruly. Unfortunately, even some moderate Muslims find it difficult to say today: "Beating women is wrong, no ifs or buts! No matter what it says in the Koran." Instead, the prophet is quoted as saying that the beatings should not leave any traces and that the woman's face must be spared.

Paranoia and control mania

The Prophet had power and influence over the world that made him. But why does he have to keep the same power and influence in a world he has never known? Why does he still have to decide in the 21st century who is allowed to love or marry whom and what to do, eat or wear? Why do Muslims put themselves in this history cage?

There are many things you can blame Mohamed for, except that he was a liar. His passion, the ability to suffer and perseverance show that he was convinced that he had received messages from God. He wished that a higher power would stand by him.At first he sought liberation, in the end he was a prisoner himself. A control freak. This is not only reflected in his image of God. Many Islamic rituals are determined by senseless repetitions, such as the bowing of prayer and the purification rituals. Every Muslim had to wash himself five times a day for prayer, even in the driest regions, and each part of the body had to be wetted with water three times. If there is no water available, you should symbolically clean yourself with sand. Those places that the water / sand did not reach would be burned by God on Judgment Day, Mohamed told his followers.

He may have suffered from an obsession with purity based on both guilt and control. To this day, a Muslim has to wash himself in prayer after shaking hands with a woman. A mosque has to be entered with the right foot, the toilet on the other hand with the left foot. A prayer must be said before going to the toilet in order to protect the Muslim from evil demons lurking in the quiet place. After using the toilet, say a prayer again and thank Allah for being saved from the evil spirits. The list of instructions that prevent a Muslim from organizing his day freely could be continued with innumerable examples.

To be a good Muslim, the believer must imitate the Prophet at every turn. Self-determination, flexibility and creativity are not provided; This gives today's conservative Islamic scholars the opportunity to gain power over the Muslims for their part. Whole television programs revolve around answering believers' questions in the "prophet's sense". The problem here is not the pursuit of correct behavior, but that anyone who does not adhere to the guidelines is considered "unclean sinners". Today, feelings of guilt and the desire to be washed clean are important engines of radicalization. The Islamists see themselves as the true heirs of the Prophet.

To love death more than life

Those who overestimate themselves often overestimate the hostility of those around them. Early Islamic tradition counts 15 murder plots alone that the prophet is said to have survived: three by Arab pagans and twelve by Jews. It is true in the Koran that God made people into peoples so that they could get to know one another (Sura 49: 13), but Mohamed prophesied: "The peoples will one day attack you. For you will be weak in heart. Your hearts become weak by loving life and hating death. " Islamists therefore demand to love death more than life. It is not for nothing that one of the terrorists' slogans against the West is: "You love life and we love death."

The Central Council of Muslims in Germany confirmed that Mohamed could have had no idea about football

There is no place in the Qur'an that explicitly provides for the death penalty for those who insult the Prophet, but Mohamed's biography is teeming with stories of people who were executed on his orders for blaspheming him. Tradition counts over 40 victims, including some poets and singers who dared to ridicule Mohamed. So we read in the hadith collection of Abū Dawūd: "The Prophet discovered a woman who had been killed in front of his mosque. He asked those who were praying who had killed her. A blind man rose and said: 'Me. She is my slave and me I have two children from her, pearls alike. But yesterday she insulted you, Prophet of God. I asked her not to abuse you anymore, but she repeated what I said. I couldn't stand it and I killed her. "Mohamed replied : ›This woman's blood flowed rightly!‹ "

Fundamentalism as a result of the exaggeration of Islam

What is terrifying about the story is not just the fact that a man kills the mother of his children, but the privatization of violence. Executing death sentences is not a privilege of the ruler or any state authority - every Muslim is empowered to do so. When I gave a lecture in Cairo in June 2014 and claimed that Islamic fascism had already started with Mohamed, a professor at Al-Azhar University called for my killing and cited that story of the blind man's slave as evidence of legality of his call.

In the spring of 2015, a mob stoned a young Afghan woman to death in Kabul for allegedly burning the Koran. A British teacher had to go to jail in Sudan for calling her teddy "Mohamed". And the football club Schalke 04 took criticism because it says in its anthem: "Mohamed was a prophet who didn't understand anything about football." After all: The Central Council of Muslims in Germany confirmed that Mohamed could have had no idea about football.

What the Islamic world is suffering from can only be cured if Muslims break away from the multiple illnesses of the Prophet: overestimating themselves, paranoia, inability to criticize and the tendency to be offended. The distorted image of God, which has become the model for despots, must also be questioned. Fundamentalism is not a result of the misinterpretation of Islam, but a consequence of its exaggeration. The reform of Islam begins when Muslims dare to release Mohamed from the cage of inviolability. Only then can they break out of the prison of faith and become part of a presence that is not determined by God but by people.