Are there natural risks in Jakarta Indonesia
The central government has been granting the districts more autonomy rights for around ten years. But the problems have only shifted. In many places, the upswing is bypassing the population.
M.A .; Studied Southeast Asian Studies, Indonesian Studies, Sociology and Thai Studies; currently doctoral candidate at the University of Hamburg; Member of the editorial board of "Zenith - Zeitschrift für den Orient". [email protected]
introductionThe demographic, political and economic center of Indonesia is located on the island of Java, which makes up only seven percent of the land mass of Indonesia, but on which just over half of the approximately 240 million inhabitants of Indonesia live. Here lies the capital Jakarta, a dynamic, pulsating metropolis of dizzying contrasts of bitter poverty next to glittering megamalls with an estimated 10 million inhabitants. Jabodetabek, as the rapidly growing urban metropolitan area of the cities of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi is called, is home to over 22 million people. Four out of five cities in Indonesia with over two million inhabitants are also located on Java. Over 60 percent of Indonesia's gross domestic product is generated on Java alone.
Indonesia has had a significant regional disparity since the Dutch colonial era: in terms of demographic development, economic development, infrastructure, and in the education and health sectors, there is a clear imbalance between Java as Indonesia's center and the periphery, the so-called outer islands. When Suharto fell in the wake of the Asian crisis in 1998 and the era of Reformasi, the political reform process, was linked to the ambitious project of the political reorganization of Indonesia, especially in the peripheral regions outside of Java, for a policy that takes into account the regional differences and the ethnic diversity of the multi-ethnic state.
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