How deep are above-ground pools

Pool in the garden: tips on building permits and other legal issues

Anyone who wants to relax outside in the summer after gardening is done often longs to cool down. A bath transforms the garden into a paradise. Swim laps in a swimming pool at any time and undisturbed, promises pure relaxation. Before you fulfill your dream of your own garden pool, however, you should know the legal framework.

Does a building application have to be submitted for the pool construction and is a minimum distance to the neighbors necessary?

Whether a building permit is required for a swimming pool, swimming pond or natural pool depends on many circumstances. Corresponding regulations can be found in the building regulations of the federal states. The decisive factor is usually the pool size, i.e. the pool content in cubic meters. Often swimming pools up to a size of 100 cubic meters do not require a permit, except in the outdoor area under building law, for example on properties outside of built-up areas. Even if no permit is required, the building regulations and limit distances must be observed. In most cases, a construction report and a completion report are still required. Since the locally applicable regulations can be confusing, it makes sense in any case to contact the responsible building authority in your community. They will then inform you if there are further exceptions and restrictions to be observed. For example, the corresponding limit distances (distance regulations of the respective federal state) and the regulations of the applicable development plan must be observed.

The noise that accompanies the child's urge to play and move has to be accepted, as long as it is within the normal range. Noise that goes beyond the usual is not covered by the natural urge to play and move. For example: sporting activities in the apartment (e.g. football or tennis), knocking on the heater or regularly deliberately hitting objects on the floor. The playing of children in garden pools or on the trampoline outside of the rest periods, however, is to be accepted, unless the interests of the neighbors are to be valued higher in individual cases due to the extent or the intensity.

Something different applies if something different is stipulated in the rental agreement, the house rules or the declaration of division. However, parents are required to urge their children to rest, especially during rest periods. The older the children are, the more it can be expected that rest times will be observed and that neighbors will be taken into consideration outside of the rest times. The night's rest must generally be observed between 10 p.m. and 7 a.m. There is no general statutory noon rest, but many municipalities, house rules or rental agreements regulate a rest period that must then be observed, usually between 1 p.m. and 3 p.m.

Noise limit values ​​and quiet times must also be observed when using and operating the pool. Heat pumps must comply with the distance regulations of the respective building codes of the federal states to protect neighbors - regardless of the noise they can emit. If the heat pump emits an unreasonable noise nuisance that does not have to be tolerated, the injunction claim can also result from §§ 906, 1004 of the German Civil Code. The limit values ​​of the Technical Instructions for Protection against Noise (TA-Lärm), which depend on the area and time of day, can serve as a guide. The permissible limit values ​​depend in particular on the type of area (including residential area, commercial area) and the time of day. You can inquire about the additional local rest periods from your municipality.

Every property owner is subject to a traffic safety obligation. This means that one is responsible for averting danger. How far this obligation goes depends on the specific circumstances in the individual case and cannot be answered in general. If, as a property owner, you have a swimming pool or a garden pond, you create a source of danger for which you are responsible and for which you have to take safety measures. But whether a completely closed and locked garden fence is sufficient or possibly even an additional cover is required depends on the specific circumstances and local conditions of the individual case.

That is how the court judges

If the owner of a private swimming pool can assume that children living in the neighborhood know about the swimming pool, he must take into account that the children will try to go to his property because of their play instinct, their inexperience, their urge to move around and their curiosity to get to the swimming pool. Fencing the property is in any case not sufficient to secure such a source of danger if there is a possibility that children can enter the property through occasionally open gates (OLG Cologne, judgment of June 2, 1993 - 13 U 18/93).