Excessive shooting while hunting is explicitly illegal

Causes of the wild boar flood

Wild boar flood "homemade"

Are the hunters to blame for the wild boar flood?

The scientists working with Sabrina Servanty compared the reproduction of wild boars in a forest area in the Haute Marne department, where hunted very intensively, with a less hunted area in the Pyrenees over a period of 22 years. The result has now been published in the renowned "Journal of Animal Ecology": When there is high hunting pressure, the fertility of wild boars is significantly higher than in areas where there is hardly any hunting. Furthermore, with intensive hunting, sexual maturity occurs much earlier - before the end of the first year of life - so that brooks become pregnant. The average weight of the wild boars that are fertile for the first time is also lower when the hunting pressure is high. In areas where there are few hunters, the multiplication of wild boars is significantly lower, the brooks reach sexual maturity later and only with a higher average weight. (see Servanty et alii, Journal of Animal Ecology, 2009) This study has proven that the high rate of increase in wild boars does not only depend on the food available, but also on the intensive hunting.
Read the translation of the French long-term study as a pdf download [4,523 KB]

Increased multiplication through hunting

As a result of hunting, wild animals reproduce more strongly than under natural circumstances, says Prof. Dr. Josef H. Reichholf, who heads the vertebrate department of the Munich State Zoological Collection. If many animals were killed in an area by hunting, which takes place mainly in autumn and winter, the remaining animals would have a better supply of food. "Animals that survive stronger reproduce earlier and more numerically in the spring," says Reichholf. (Süddeutsche Zeitung, January 28, 2009)
Read the article: Dispute over the hunt "Satisfying the lust for murder" in the Süddeutsche Zeitung

The biologist Kurt Eicher from the "Initiative for the Abolition of Hunting" also points out that hunters ensure an unnaturally high food supply for wild boars through legal or illegal additional feeding and so-called "feeding" - and thus in turn contribute to reproduction. The Aulendorf Wildlife Research Center has calculated that in Baden-Württemberg alone 4,000 tons of maize are brought out annually as "feeding" - that is an average of around 100 kilos (!) Of maize per wild boar killed. Maize in particular has been shown to promote the fertility of wild boars.
But hunters prefer to argue that the high numbers of acorns and beechnuts in the forests are responsible for the wild boar flood. The biologist Kurt Eicher can only shake his head about this: "In autumn, beechnuts and acorns have always been available to the animals in their current quantities - maybe even more in the past, as the forest was healthier."

BUND Nature Conservation is addressing the issue of the ban on feeding and attracting feeding in a current position paper. It is also pointed out here that agricultural crops are already being successfully protected against wild boar damage by electric fences.
Read the article: Dispute over the hunt "Satisfying the lust for murder" in the Süddeutsche Zeitung

Birth control instead of mass murder

Hunting causes great suffering in the animal world: young animals lose their parents, parents lose their children. The animal is seldom immediately dead, often it dies in excruciating pain. In many cases, animals are "only" shot: They flee with shot limbs, shot jaws or hanging entrails. It often takes days and weeks before they finally die in agony somewhere. - No wonder that more and more people are negative about the bloody hobby »hunting«.

We humans have messed up the processes of nature and destroyed the natural equilibrium. So the natural equilibrium will certainly not come about overnight. Here birth control is the solution: Contraception for wild boars can effectively counter the worries of farmers. The "pill" for the wild boar is always a more humane and animal welfare-friendly method than mass murder in the woods and fields!
Read the article "Birth control instead of mass murder" by Lovis Kauertz, Wildtierschutz Deutschland e.V. in the magazine Freiheit für Tiere 4/2011

Wild boars: hunting does not work

Hunting in booze:
Hunters admit they're at their wits end - hunting doesn't work

By Mario Natale, Dipl.-Ing. for forestry and municipal forest rangers in Saarland

As animal welfare circles became known, there are currently efforts by hunting circles to counter wild boar (wild boar) with catch hunts. Missionaries are already on the move nationwide in this matter and are making propaganda in politics and associations for killing methods in which wild boars are lured or driven into gates (so-called boars) or smaller trapping boxes with food, where they are shot at some point. Even conservative hunting associations meekly advertise such methods of killing, although they are forbidden under applicable laws. After the trapping of small predators in the past became more and more insignificant, it should now be used, according to the imagination of hunters, on one of our largest wild animals living in Germany, according to the self-image of the hunters, of course, paired with the killing shot from a hunting rifle. The fact that the discussion, which has so far been quite advanced, has not been conducted openly but mostly in secret, speaks for itself. With this demand, the hunters themselves admit that they do not understand how to regulate the game population with the hunt. In the end, they themselves refute their argument that they must and can act as a substitute for predators. Such methods have absolutely nothing to do with hunting in the previous sense, but represent an apparently desperate final act of mass pest control appointed eco-hunters partially propagate this method, although they repeatedly believe that driven hunts and driven hunts are supposedly highly efficient in the mass hunt for roe deer and red deer.

The contradiction underlines that human hunting does not work: under the eyes of the hunters, the game population is multiplying so much that it is now seemingly desperate to resort to execution measures contrary to animal welfare. Instead of the rifle, the hitherto highly praised justice for woe is thrown into the grain. The first-mentioned alternative is not even examined, presumably motivated by one's own joy in killing and apparently with the aim of at least one more shot from a weapon at captured game. However, a general ban on hunting and killing could restart natural regulatory mechanisms in game that were previously switched off by human hunting. Hunting intervenes in the social structures of the game, which is usually counterproductive and promotes multiplication, as does feed to attract people across the entire country. The dismay from their natural habitats and forced migration also lead to the spread and multiplication. Natural mortality is usually eliminated. If, in contrast to the planned control, the wild boar population were no longer hunted for several years, but at the same time no longer “cherished”, a naturally sustainable situation would arise which would be below today's level.
It would be important that absolutely no hunting exceptions should be made, as any interventions would be counterproductive. Predators (predators) are also not required for this, as they do not perform the task of population regulation in nature either, which is generally misrepresented. The animals would only have to be kept away from sensitive hot spots by other measures, which definitely works. In any case, the limits for further natural population development have long been reached. Drunkards would only boost another reproduction and not solve the problem. Mass killings without selection according to the laws of nature also have a negative effect on the genetic substance of wild populations. A bloodless alternative, however, demands that the non-hunting general public also becomes aware of their own responsibility for our domestic game and that they bear the costs of possible damage. If it supports scrapping premiums for intact cars, investing in the future of nature and wildlife should not be taboo from the outset. After all, in the case of a ban on hunting and killing, damage to game cannot be blamed on either the hunters or the farmers. As part of this development, wildlife management should become more of a government responsibility. However, trapped hunters in the civil service are not allowed to determine the direction again.

Mario Natale, Saarlouis, October 16, 2012

The causes of wild boar flooding

More hunting makes wild boars mature earlier
Scientific studies show that hunting is counterproductive

As cute as the rookies are, adult wild boars can cause so much trouble. The reproduction of the animals is difficult to control, especially since hunting has proven counterproductive.
Intensive hunting does not seem to be a solution, as scientific studies now show. (...)
Although different European regions still have quite different population densities, the growth rates are almost the same everywhere. (...)
Biologists, hunters and animal rights activists have been arguing for years about the possible causes of wild boar flooding. The latter claim that the hunters are primarily to blame for the feeding of the game. In fact, in southwest Germany, for example, wild boars are practically fattened with an average amount of feed of more than 100 kg per animal shot per year. (...)
Another point of criticism from hunting opponents relates to the shooting itself. According to the animal rights activists, increased hunting pressure unbalances the social structure of the wild boar and promotes excessive reproduction, because in the absence of older "brooks" - mother animals -
the young sows would be mated early. However, this thesis has hardly been scientifically substantiated so far. The debate is now likely to be rekindled.
According to a recently published French long-term study, heavy hunting seems to stimulate fertility. In a forest area in the Haute Marne department, significantly more gilts reach sexual maturity and become pregnant before the end of their first year of life than, for example, their conspecifics in the
Pyrenees is the case. There are fewer hunters out there (see Servanty et alii, Journal of Animal Ecology).
The average weight of the first fertile sows is also lower in the French sows examined. (...)
Der Standard, print edition, September 16, 2009


Wild boars defend themselves against the wrong, anti-social shooting

“Now the sows are really able to defend themselves! They defend themselves with an unbelievable growth dynamic against the wrong, asocial shooting in the age groups ...
It is well known that these false kills lead to the unhindered reproduction of wild boars. If we really want to stop the increase, the shooting of boars and large brooks would have to be prohibited for three years. That would then provide real protection for the most important main streams, they would bring a social order back into the wild population. But does the hunt still have the power to enforce wildlife biology - or can it be driven into pest control? Hunting and hunters lose their reputation ... "
Game master Gerold Wandel in the hunting newspaper PIRSCH 1/2004


Destruction of social structures

"In conclusion, it must be permissible to ask what we actually want in connection with the wild boar enclosure? With all the hunting joys that wild boar brings, we are unfortunately not in a position - across the whole of Germany - to deal with the sows in this way, that one could speak of socially and biologically stable stocks.
Despite wild boar rings, conservation communities and the like, which unfortunately often only work on paper, it is currently hardly anywhere that proof of a sustainable age group enclosure can be provided. This includes a satisfactory number of Leitbach types and mature boars (from 5 years). Where is the duty of care according to § 1 BJG?
Our wild boar populations are (or were they?) High, socio-biological disorganized, more like "kindergartens" in their structure! The term anti-social is probably the most apt, because the social structures have been destroyed.
Mature boars are the rare exception, "children give birth to children" and the resulting dwarfing of the brooks progresses dramatically.
We hunters (!) Have also created a wild boar population that is extremely vulnerable. "
Excerpts from a comment by Hans-Joachim Duderstaedt in the December 2006 issue of the hunting magazine PIRSCH


Leading brook firing - biggest possible mistake from the hunting side

The district hunter master made it clear several times in his lecture that without knowledge of behavioral psychology within a wild boar, neither a successful hunt nor a successful game management would be possible.
Klaiber made this clear using the example of the Leitbach, which leads the gang. Klaiber described the shooting down of this lead brook as one of the biggest possible mistakes on the part of the hunter. One of the tasks of the lead animal is, for example, to ensure that the older young animals do not get freshlings again. They also keep the older young animals, the "deserters" in check and thus prevent even greater damage to the fields. Klaiber: "A pure defector rott is something like a gang of human thugs." When hunting wild boar, the hunter must observe legal requirements. Should he shoot a mother pig away from the piglets, that would even be a criminal offense within the meaning of the Animal Welfare Act.
Südkurier, July 4, 2009 (excerpt)


Professional hunters: wild boars regulate their numbers themselves,
when they are traveling in intact family groups

Helmut Hilpisch, professional hunter in the service of Hövel’s Rentei, sees mistakes in hunting and politics: Wild boars regulate their numbers themselves - at least when they are in intact family groups. Then their social behavior ensures that only individual female animals get intoxicated: only the older brooks are then fertilized. If these older brooks are absent, younger females also become pregnant quickly. In other words: instead of two old animals, five young ones become the mother animal - of even more newborns. "It happens again and again that older brooks are shot at the wrong time," criticizes Hilpisch. This could be regulated politically by declaring a closed season for adult brooks during spring. (...)
Source: Siegener Zeitung, October 18, 2008 (excerpt)


Wild boar reproduction completely out of control
Social structure out of joint

When wild boar babies romp through Hesse's forests in November, that is not a good sign: They are too small for the winter emergency. As a rule, baby babies are born in spring and have enough time to eat bacon for their first winter. That striped people are still on the road this fall, is due to the animals' social structure, which has fallen apart and the explosive increase. The state hunting association complains "the desperate situation in the wild boar herds". Mistakes in the hunt contributed to this.
Normally, experienced female animals, the Leitbach, not only ensure order in the herd, but also birth control. Their hormones determine the willingness of all females in the group to conceive - usually in December / January - and prevent animals that are too young from being fertilized. Male animals (boars) only visit the herds for mating. The newborns are born four months later. If Leitbachs are missing, because they were killed in the hunt or in accidents, order dissolves. Young brooks are then ready to conceive in less than a year and have newborns, there is no longer a schedule. According to the hunting association: "Uncontrollable increase".
Allgemeine Zeitung, December 11, 2007

Birth control instead of mass murder

Article from the magazine Freedom for animals 4/2011

The »pill«: a humane and animal-friendly alternative

By Lovis Kauertz, Wildlife Protection Germany e.V.

The "wild boar range" - in German: the number of wild boars shot by hunters - has more than doubled on a ten-year average in Germany since the hunting year 1991/92 until today. Since then, it has risen continuously from an average of 211,888 in 1991/92 to 466,963 in 2009/2010.
Although the intensity of wild boar hunting, measured in terms of the "routes", has been increasing for a number of years, the populations are by no means decreasing, they are steadily increasing. As a result, there are also growing complaints about damage from agriculture and increasingly from the periphery of cities. The excitement of the farmers is sometimes so great that they even call for the Bundeswehr.

However, there are limits to further intensification of wild boar hunting, both in a spatial sense (problem of hunting in urban regions) and for ethical reasons as well as for reasons of animal welfare: the lifting of closed seasons, the shooting of streams, increased hunting Newbies and an increasing number of driven hunts are not only encountering acceptance problems among the population, there is also resistance among the hunters.

Vaccines have EU approval - no hormonal load

One solution that could satisfy agriculture, communities and cities is contraception. However, this measure is viewed with skepticism by the hunters. This is not surprising, given that wild boar hunting is a "passion" for many hunters - a passion that they do not want to be taken away from.

The main argument against contraception is that game meat mixed with sex hormones is no longer suitable for consumption. A second fear is based on the scenario that the pill for the wild boar is applied across the board, and then reproduction collapses completely and, above all, in an uncontrolled manner.

However, both arguments can be refuted very quickly: Newer preparations for reproductive control are no longer based on hormones, but on antibodies (the body's own protein molecules). Market-tested vaccines, e.g. against the pituitary hormone GnRH, have EU approval for use in animals that are intended for food production and therefore prove to be completely harmless with regard to the utilization of game from vaccinated wild boars. Occasional concerns about hormonal stress can be completely dispelled, as these drugs have no hormonal effects.

Effectiveness through »retard mechanisms« approx. 12 months

The vaccines work with antibodies or induce the formation of antibodies against the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). This hormone regulates the formation of gonadotropins, which in turn induce the formation of testosterone in males and estrogen in females. The suppression of hormone production in the testes or ovaries inactivates the sperm or egg cell formation. The duration of effectiveness is currently estimated at approx. 12 months, but requires a booster of the vaccination after 4 to 6 weeks. This booster vaccination could, however, become superfluous through the use of special packaging ("retard" mechanisms) and thus also be applicable to wild animals.

Selective use in »problem areas«

The argument of nationwide administration can also be refuted, since vaccination in the traditional sense can only take place through direct contact with the animal. A widely spread bait is completely unsuitable here and would not prevent the ingestion of the wild boar pill by other animals. Therefore, measures to control reproduction can only be carried out selectively (e.g. in the vicinity of settlement areas, in areas with a demonstrably high density of wild boar).
Safe method of administration

While the drug has long been ready for the market, safe administration to wild boars (it has already been successfully tested on other non-wild animal species) still requires accompanying scientific research. The Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW) Berlin, which advances research in this area, and Wildlife Protection Germany are currently trying to find a sponsor or to finance this project, which is scheduled for around three years.

In addition to a safe method of administration, which should ensure that vaccination bait is continuously offered at certain locations and only ingested by wild boars, the possible effects on the territorial behavior of vaccinated animals, their acceptance within their family groups and the social behavior of the corresponding flocks must also be researched. Monitoring can be supported here, for example, via GPS collars.

The main advantages of contraception in wild boar are:

- Reliable and animal welfare-friendly stock regulation
- Avoidance of excessive alarming of the game through intensive hunting (e.g. cross-territory driven hunts, cancellation of closed seasons, etc.)
- High loyalty to the location of the wild boar, less migration to urban areas
- No "vacuum effect" (no empty areas that are occupied by new flocks), less migration, fewer accidents with wildlife
- Controlled and constant stocks
- Effective possibility of immunological treatment of animals (e.g. swine fever)
- Can also be used in pacified areas (cities).

Swine fever risk from hunters

Wild boar feeding raises concerns about swine fever

CIRCLE PEINE. The district's veterinary office is investigating current evidence that wild boars in the district were fed with slaughter and food waste. This is prohibited for reasons of epidemic protection - in the worst case scenario, swine fever threatens.

In January, the swine fever virus was detected in several wild boars in North Rhine-Westphalia. Against this background, the Friedrich Löffler Institute expressly warns against using food and slaughterhouse waste for feeding - i.e. for feeding wild boars.

(...) The information comes from Jürgen Streichert, member of the Greens in the district council. He discovered three feeding places: two in Lengede and one near the Sundern in Peine, between Herzberg and the Eixer See. A feeding station was stocked with offal from slaughtered animals, poultry waste - critical with regard to bird flu - as well as melons and vegetables: "Everything that the weekly market has to offer," says Streichert, describing the hodgepodge.
Source: www.newsclick, .de, 02/28/2009


Illegally disposed of slaughterhouse waste - Stay alert to swine fever

Siegburg (aho) As is so often the case in Germany, illegally disposed of slaughterhouse waste has now also been discovered in the Rhein-Sieg district. As the district's veterinary office announced, playing children discovered around 240 kilograms of pig slaughterhouse waste in a forest on Tuesday in Wachtberg-Villip.
The site was in close proximity to a pig farm. (...)
On this occasion, the veterinary office points out the importance of epidemic hygiene and the ban on the disposal of slaughterhouse waste in the open countryside. The illegal disposal of pig slaughtering waste in nature has already resulted in an outbreak of classic swine fever, according to the veterinary office. (...)
Source: http://www.animal-health-online.de, January 30, 2008 (excerpt)


Swine fever comes from factory farming

Swine fever has its origin in the factory farming of domestic pigs and threatens the wild boars. "
Gerold Wandel in the magazine "Pirsch" 22/2002


No case has been proven in which swine fever first appeared in wild boar herds

"The intensive pig farms today are without a doubt to be regarded as the essential reservoir of the virus, from where it is carried into wild boar populations."
"So far, no cases have been found in which swine fever first appeared in wild boar herds."
From an opinion by the expert Dr. Eberhard Schneider, Göttingen


Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection: The pathogen is introduced into wild boar populations from outside
Epidemiological studies in wild boar populations in several federal states over the past 14 years have shown that our wild boars do not represent a natural reservoir for KSP viruses on an ad hoc basis. Rather, the pathogens are regularly introduced into the wild boar population from outside.
Research report 1/01 of the Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture