Why is Tanzania a mixed economy


To put Tanzania on its own two feet ('self-reliance') was one of the goals of Julius Nyerere's Ujamaa policy. However, demand and reality are far apart. Although the aid from abroad also had a positive influence on political reforms and the democratization of Tanzania, Tanzania is still one of the poorest countries in the world.

Hardly any other country has been showered with aid as much as Tanzania - and with so little success. The term 'donor economy' describes an economy that is largely externally financed, which is the case in Tanzania.

Many Tanzanians are trying to become employees in one of the international projects. A particularly widespread type of project car became a symbol of professional success in the 'pajero culture' of Tanzania. At the same time, the 'Nicholas Syndrome' of the donor has intensified the 'dependency syndrome' on the recipient side.

The lack of confidence in one's own abilities, which has a long history due to the slave trade, the colonial times and the sole rule of the CCM, is difficult to overcome.

Years ago, Tanzania set itself ambitious national development goals with the 'Vision 2025' (too ambitious, according to the political scientist Ernest T. Mallya).

Tanzania was not able to achieve all of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015: the proportion of the population that has to live on less than US $ 1 a day is too high, maternal mortality is too high and the proportion of the population is too low, access has too clean drinking water. However, there is a general mood among the population that substantial progress is being made in the various areas. The reasons for this are numerous and are assessed differently by analysts. In the perception of the population, the progress is rated quite well, but the urban population has a significantly more positive attitude than the rural population.

The Tanzanian village of Mbola was also selected as part of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP). Four years after the end of the project, however, the results are mixed.

In addition, Tanzania strives to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and to regularly review their status. The SDGs are implemented by the government as part of the 'Tanzania Development Vision 2025' and its five-year development plans. Tanzania is one of eight countries that were part of the Post-2015 Data Test Initiative, which examines the enforceability, priorities and opportunities of the SDGs in countries with different income categories.