Why are most Indian Americans alone

More and more highly qualified Indians are moving to Germany

The number of employees with Indian nationality who are subject to social security contributions has increased even more. While this was around 9,400 on June 30, 2004, it was more than six times as many on December 31, 2019 at 62,800 (Figure). With a share of 58.9 percent, a clear majority of these employees worked in a specialist or expert profession on December 31, 2019, for which a university degree or a further training degree, such as a master craftsman, is usually necessary. For all employees, the corresponding value was only 26.2 percent (Federal Employment Agency, 2020; own calculations).

If one differentiates according to occupational sectors, the IT and scientific service professions stand out with a share of 26.6 percent among Indians, compared to only 4.0 percent for all. Looking at the industries, the area of ​​information and communication is particularly common among the Indians with 21.3 percent, compared to 3.4 percent for all. The MINT reports regularly show that immigrants from India are making a major contribution to securing the skilled labor base in the IT particularly affected by bottlenecks, as well as in the MINT area as a whole. For example, the number of Indians employed in academic MINT occupations subject to social security contributions rose from 3,800 at the end of 2012 to 17,000 at the end of 2019 (Anger et al., 2020).

If you look at the regional distribution of employees from India, you can see a strong concentration on the metropolitan regions and in particular the Rhine-Main area. The five districts with the highest proportions of Indians in employees subject to social insurance contributions on December 31, 2019 were the Hochtaunus district with 1.09 percent, the Main-Taunus district with 1.06 percent and the independent cities of Erlangen with 0.74 percent, Frankfurt am Main with 0.74 percent and Munich with 0.72 percent (Federal Employment Agency, 2020; own calculations). The Indian resident population shows a somewhat stronger focus on university cities. The values ​​in the independent cities of Erlangen were 1.93 percent, Frankfurt am Main with 1.05 percent, Heidelberg with 0.76 percent, Munich with 0.73 percent and Kaiserslautern with 0.72 percent (Federal Statistical Office , 2020a, own calculations).

If one looks at the motives for immigration of the Indians between the ages of 15 and 64 who came to the country between 2007 and 2017 and who were still living here in 2017, taking up employment remains at 32.2 percent and taking up a mostly university education at 29.4 Percent about the scales. The rest is due to family members joining you and other reasons. In contrast, the proportion of people who originally moved to work among immigrants from China, who also make up a significant part of the highly qualified skilled workers from third countries, is only 15.7 percent and those who have come to the country for training make up 60.7 percent ( Geis-Thöne, 2020). The fact that a comparatively large number of skilled workers from India come to Germany in the course of gainful migration can also be seen from the issuing of residence permits for qualified employment. In 2019, 5,932 or 18.5 percent of the 32,037 titles awarded to newcomers were Indian. In second place followed by a long way the Americans with 8.6 percent (Graf, 2020).