What is the greatest household invention

Four household inventions we couldn't live without!

If you stroll through Munich's Auer Dult or the many Munich flea markets, you first get a feel for how many household goods there are. There are no limits to the spirit of invention. In the search for household products where the quality is right, the function is suitable for everyday use and which will still exist in 100 years, we took a closer look at four household inventions!

Who doesn't have a dishwasher?

The invention goes back to a woman! As a woman from a good family, the American Josephine Cochrane (1839-1913) naturally had employees. It is thanks to their carelessness that the rich lady systematically devoted herself to the invention of an appliance that would relieve housewives of the chore of washing the dishes. Her staff often damaged her precious china that the daughter of an engineer experimented with wire baskets to develop a detailed construction for a dishwasher. In 1886 she finally registered a patent for a strange two-meter-high device for washing dishes. At the Chicago World's Fair in 1893, it received the award for "the best mechanical construction, durability and suitability for use". However, it was not until 1960 that dishwashers found their way into private households, and until now only hotels and restaurants could afford to buy them.

Dresden housewife invented the coffee filter

It was a day like any other, but what the namesake of the famous coffee filter succeeded in in 1908 was to revolutionize coffee preparation: While the housewife Melitta Bentz was looking at her son's exercise book over a cup of coffee, she had a brilliant idea: She put the blotting paper from the exercise book into a brass pot, the bottom of which she had previously pierced with nails, added coffee powder and poured boiling water over the whole thing. The 35-year-old was so enthusiastic about the idea that she was encouraged to market her coffee filters with her husband, who ran a housewares store. With worldwide success. During the lockdown, many used coffee filters as additional respiratory protection integrated in the protective masks.

Gluing instead of drilling

Wirtschaftswoche has summarized the history of gluing in a chronicle, the first gluing attempts can already be traced back to the Stone Age. In Europe, the importance of adhesives grew with letterpress printing around 1500. But it was still many centuries before adhesive in the tube became a DIY product for us. The age of adhesives based on synthetically produced raw materials did not begin until 1909, when the Belgian-American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland registered a patent for a process for curing phenolic resins. In 1956, the Henkel company manufactured the first contact adhesive for the shoe trade and in the same year brought the first Pattex product onto the market. In 1964, the contact adhesive as we know it was first available in the 125 gram tube. In the meantime, research and development has come to the point that there is a wide variety of adhesives for a wide variety of applications.

A US watchmaker invented the first alarm clock

At a time when it was common for the first rays of sun to wake you up, Levi Hutchins (1761-1855) had to start his day at 4 a.m. in total darkness to get to work on time. As a clockmaker, in 1787 he constructed the forerunner of the first alarm clock, which triggered a bell with the help of a gear. He integrated it into one of his brass clocks and built it into a case made of pine wood so that he would wake up too. Amazingly, Hutchins never hung up on his invention or showed any interest in patenting it. In 1847, for example, a Frenchman snatched the American's patent and thus his invention away with his alarm clock, which for the first time also allowed the alarm time to be set. Today every smartphone is equipped with a digital alarm clock.

household household inventions living2020-07-14