Everyone in Israel is religious
fowid note: The organization Hiddush (For Religious Freedom and Equality of Religions) in Israel regularly conducts extensive surveys among the Jews of Israel in order to record and document their views on questions of state and religion. This year's survey shows that only a small minority of Israeli Jews trust the Chief Rabbinate, the Knesseth and the government.
The general topic is described by the news agency "Israel Today" under the heading: "New figures in the race between religion and politics":
“In Israel, almost every political argument is mixed with religious elements. There is a constant race between politics and religion, which is often a stumbling block for the State of Israel. Last year, in the competition between judge and rabbi, people showed more respect for the court than for the rabbinate. This was the result of the latest study by the Israeli movement Hiddush, an acronym for Freedom, Religion & Equality. Hiddush annually examines the behavior of both policies, which constantly clash in Israeli society.
In Israel, politics and religion determine the Jewish state, which repeatedly leads to social conflicts. Israel is probably the only democracy in which religion is integrated into the political state system, similar to the Islamic states where Sharia rules. The Jewish halacha, which is based on biblical commandments and prohibitions, determines the life of the Jewish and non-Jewish population in the country in many areas. How must the Shabbat be sanctified? What can you eat? Who is jew How can you get married? Which public transport is allowed? Questions that Orthodox and secular Jews argue about. "
The poll commissioned by Hiddush: "2020 Israel Religion & State Index" refers to the population who see themselves as Jews. According to a survey by the PEW Research Center from 2016 (“Israel's Split Society”) that is around 80 percent of the population, and according to Hiddush in 2020 around two thirds of the population, who define what is politico-religious. 41 percent of these respondents no longer have any trust in religious or state institutions.
The organization Hiddush sees the survey results as confirmation of their views on religious freedom and focuses above all on the behavior of the ultra-Orthodox:
“The Index confirms once again our claim that the overwhelming majority of the public supports the promotion of religious freedom and equality in the spirit of the promise of the Israeli Declaration of Independence and the most basic democratic principles. This index is published at a turbulent time in Israel's history when the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic and its severe economic and social impact are intertwined with the arguable and unstable political system. But even at such a complex time, issues of religion and the state remain high on the public and political agenda. Many of them break out precisely because of the pandemic and political reality. This is the social tension created by the behavior of the ultra-orthodox sector of Israel in the face of the pandemic, exacerbated by its ability to dictate rules and exceptions to the whole country by using political pressure and threats exercises; This is the case with the approaching deadline set by the Supreme Court for repeal of the unconstitutional bill, which has resulted in great pressure from the ultra-Orthodox to pass a new law to ensure that no yeshivah student is required to military - or to do community service. [...]
The index presents a roadmap to understand which issues potential voters attach the most importance to, identifies the parties' audiences in terms of their religious identity and positions on these controversial issues, and explains the increase in votes for Yisrael Beiteinu than it is shifted its focus to questions of religious freedom and the equality of the citizen's burden. "
From the abundance of results and presentations, three are presented: The basic distributions with regard to religiosity and political orientation, freedom of religion and the separation of religion and state.
According to the results of the 2020 study, 10 percent of Israeli Jews are ultra-Orthodox (believe only in the Talmud and reject the State of Israel), 11 percent are Zionist Orthodox (believe in the Talmud and recognize the State of Israel), and 14 percent Traditionally religious (wearing a kippah and obeying religious rules); 18 percent traditionally non-religious (may not wear a kippah and only adhere to the general religious rules) and 47 percent secular Jews (who feel connected to Judaism based on tradition, culture, history, etc.).
There is a clear connection between the degree of religiosity or religious identity and political orientation.
84 percent of the ultra-Orthodox have a very right-wing / right-wing political orientation, of the Zionist-Orthodox it is 73 percent and of the traditionally religious 60 percent with politically right-wing attitudes. The seculars alone are relatively evenly distributed across the entire political spectrum.
Similar distributions can be seen in the distribution of views on the relationship between religion and state. In support of religious freedom and the separation of religion and state, the proponents of religious freedom and the separation of religion and state have remained relatively constant since the beginning of the studies (2009) and are - at different levels - in the majority.
The subdivision according to religious / secular identities also shows the contrast between the religious and the secular.
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