Can I study law after completing the HS

Legal studies

Table of Contents

Why start a bachelor's degree in law?

Law - actually called law - is one of the most popular subjects among first-year students. Many aspire to lucrative professions such as judges, notaries or public prosecutors when studying law. The civil service is only reserved for above-average graduates with state exams and the positions are rare. A practice-oriented bachelor's degree can therefore be a good alternative to the classic law degree.

What study options do I have?

Almost every German university offers law studies with the state examination as a degree. Bachelor degrees in law are still rare. But the offer is more varied: You can also study the Bachelor in Law in distance learning, at private universities and universities of applied sciences as well as with different focuses. The following list shows you popular Bachelor courses in law:


With the classic law degree (state examination), universities train fully qualified lawyers for the professions of judges, lawyers and notaries. More and more universities are also offering a bachelor's degree in law in order to prepare for certain areas of law or special tasks.

University of Applied Sciences

At universities of applied sciences, you can only complete law with the academic degree of a bachelor's degree; the state examination is reserved for universities. The universities of applied sciences often offer you a degree tailored to the private sector or very special courses.

Numerous universities of applied sciences offer, for example, a bachelor's degree in business law. This can end with a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Laws and usually lasts 6 semesters.

Private universities

Some private universities offer a bachelor's degree in law, mostly in business law. Furthermore, you can often complete your law studies here while you work. Another advantage is that private universities often enable a quick career start and have contacts in business.

Distance learning

Distance learning in law is the ideal way to study independently, as you are not tied to lecture locations or times. The Fernhochschule will regularly send you learning material. You edit tasks and send them to a lecturer for correction. An online campus is also available to you, which, for example, offers you the opportunity to exchange ideas with fellow students. After distance learning, you will have a bachelor's degree equivalent to face-to-face studies.

Study abroad

The German legal system differs significantly from that of other countries. A bachelor's degree in law acquired abroad can therefore lead to problems on the German job market. If you are aiming for an international career or if you would like to work in an international company, a law degree abroad is a good option. Some German universities also cooperate with foreign universities for certain law courses, especially in France. During your studies you will then attend a few semesters at the partner university.

Am I suitable for studying law?

For many school leavers, law is more of an embarrassment solution than a real passion. When they finish their studies, many are disappointed or overwhelmed. The learning load in the law course is high. You deal with complicated issues and have to acquire a new way of thinking. Before starting your studies, check carefully whether law is right for you.

Formal requirements

Classical law studies are only offered by universities. That is why you usually need a high school diploma or a subject-related higher education entrance qualification to study law. If you want to study law at a university of applied sciences, the technical college entrance qualification is sufficient. There are also ways to study without a high school diploma, for example with a gifted test or advanced training.

The law degree is often subject to a numerus clausus, so you need a certain grade point average for the university to allow you. The universities recalculate the NC every year. As a rule, you need an average grade between 1.0 and 2.5.

personal requirements

Do you like to formulate precisely and do you enjoy logical thinking and structured work? Then the law degree could be right for you. Due to the high demands of the content and exams, especially in the state examination, studying law requires perseverance. If you are aiming for a bachelor's degree in law, the content is usually more practice-oriented and easier to learn.

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What can I expect from studying law?

The course of the law degree differs considerably depending on the degree. If you would like to take the state examination, your studies will take 9 semesters up to the first legal examination, also known as the 1st state examination. This is followed by the 2-year legal traineeship and the 2nd state examination. Overall, the duration of the training to become a fully qualified lawyer is at least 7 years. If your goal is a Bachelor's degree, your law studies usually only last 6 semesters, i.e. 3 years.

Course content

The classic law course includes the following subjects:

  • Private law, for example:
    • Employment Law
    • Family law
    • Contract law
  • Public law, for example:
    • Constitutional law
    • Administrative law
    • Constitutional law
  • Criminal law
  • Legal Theory and Legal History

In the course of your law studies, you will then specialize in a certain area of ​​law. The bachelor's degree in law is more specialized right from the start or combines law with business administration, for example.

Specialization opportunities

The specialization opportunities in the law course are diverse and range from criminology to corporate law. With a bachelor's degree in law, you can already focus on choosing a subject before you start your studies. Possible courses are:

  • Commercial law
  • Management and law
  • Legal Linguistics
  • European Law
  • Social law

Which degrees can I get?

The law degree with a state examination ends with the first legal examination (1st state examination). Then you will visit various positions at courts or law firms in a 2-year legal traineeship. This is followed by the 2nd state examination. If you pass this as well, as a "fully qualified lawyer" you will be given the right to work as a lawyer. Depending on your grade, you can also work in the civil service, for example as a judge.

You finish your bachelor's degree in law in the 6th semester with a bachelor thesis and a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) degree. You can then start your career and work, for example, as a business lawyer, legal auditor or legal advisor. A subsequent Master’s degree with a Master of Laws (LL.M) degree is also possible.

After studying law

After completing your bachelor's degree in law, you cannot become a lawyer or a judge, but alternatives are open to you. For example, it is possible to work in the legal department of a large company. Many Bachelor graduates of the law course are also drawn to the administration of authorities and offices. However, the Bachelor of Laws degree is still little known in the job market and some graduates report difficulties in entering the job market.

Which professional fields are suitable for me after graduation?

With a bachelor's degree in business or tax law, you have numerous professional fields open to you. Your knowledge enables you to draw up and negotiate contracts or to check legal issues before handing them over to a lawyer. Possible occupational fields are:

  • Auditors
  • tax consultant
  • legal advisor
  • Legal auditor
  • Administrative officer
  • Executive Secretary

How do you start your career?

The Bachelor of Laws is still little known in business. That can make starting a career more difficult. With internships that you can complete during your bachelor's degree in order to gain your first professional experience, you can make your career start easier. Business lawyers often start their careers through trainee programs. You will pass through different departments and get to know the whole company. As a trainee, you already get a salary.

What career prospects do I have?

If you found your job after studying law, you can look forward to a successful career. Especially as a business lawyer, your specialist knowledge of business administration and law promise you to take on responsible tasks. After a few years of professional experience, you can become team leader in a legal department or head of the legal department.

What salary do I earn?

Business lawyers who have studied a Bachelor of Law at a university of applied sciences earn an extremely attractive salary of around € 3,800 gross per month. With a law degree with a focus on taxes, you can earn around € 3,600. These salaries do not have to hide from those of the fully qualified lawyers: They earn an average of around € 3,700 gross per month.