What was clothing like during the industrial revolution?
Up until the 18th century, all clothes were sewn from home at home. There weren't any factories yet. At that time 80% of all Europeans were farmers. They grew flax fibers and produced flax fibers. Practically all goods were made by craftsmen. The craft of weaver, dyer and spinner already existed.
Inventions and technical progress
Cotton must be ginned before spinning. Do you remember? Cotton contains seeds. The removal of the seeds was done by hand for millennia and was very tedious. The invention of a ginning machine, the "cotton gin", was a great technical advance. It was the beginning of the industrial revolution.
Slaves who previously had to ginning cotton could now take care of the cotton cultivation and the cotton harvest. The cotton fields were expanded and much more cotton could be produced.
Oil from cotton?
Incidentally, cottonseed contains a lot of oil, very similar to flaxseed. You can squeeze cottonseed oil out of it and use it for deep-frying. Due to the ginning machine, cotton seeds were now produced in greater quantities and could be processed profitably.
The use of spinning machines was also a milestone in industrialization. The "spinning jenny" was invented in England in 1764. It could spin eight spindles of yarn at once, providing enough yarn for a weaver. Soon after, spinning machines got bigger and bigger. They were no longer driven by hand, but by steam engines and could spin 1000 yarn spindles at the same time. They were called "spinning mule" - spinning mule. From then on, spinning machines filled factories. Spinning mills were first established in England and later in Germany.
The steam engine was also an English invention by James Watt from 1765.
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