What kind of nightmares do psychopaths have

Bad trip in your sleep: When nightmares turn life into torture

Most people have probably already experienced nightmares. Usually they are quickly forgotten. But for some, the nightly horror trips and horror scenarios keep recurring. People often feel bad during the day or have great problems concentrating.

What do you call a nightmare?

Nightmares cause negative feelings so strong that they wake you up. In addition to fear, this can also be sadness, anger or disgust, explains Professor Michael Schredl. He is the scientific director of sleep research at the Central Institute for Mental Health in Mannheim.

As a rule, those affected can remember the nightmare very well. Mostly nightmares occur in the second half of the night. However, bad dreams that do not wake you up can also result in considerable suffering, says Hans-Günter Weeß, chairman of the board of the German Society for Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine.

Perhaps surprising for the layperson: The term nightmare does not include dreams whose content one does not remember, but from which one is panicked, often screaming. Doctors call them Pavor Nocturnus.

Do nightmares also affect the day or even life?

“Everyone has nightmares. They only become a problem when there is a lot of suffering, ”explains Judith Koppehele-Gossel from the Institute for Psychology at the University of Bonn. For example, when the dreams terrify you during the day or when those affected do not want to go to bed for fear of renewed nightmares.