How are psychophysiology and physiological psychology different
As physiological psychology or Psychophysiology denotes a branch of psychology that studies the relationships between psychological and physical processes. Physiological psychology describes how emotions, changes in consciousness and behavior are related to brain activity, circulation, breathing, motor skills and hormone release.
Ever since it was possible to record pulse, respiration, electrodermal activity, blood pressure, electrical heart activity (electrocardiogram, EKG) and brain activity (electroencephalogram, EEG) during an emotion or cognitive performance, one could use Polygraphy make physiological changes visible.
The field of psychophysiology can be divided into the subjects of Basic research, according to the main physiological functional systems or according to the areas of application. Central topics are emotions and the stress reaction, changes in consciousness, relaxation, recovery and sleep.
The cognitive psychophysiology examines how the information is processed during sensory stimulation or cognitive tasks. Pain reactions and the Interoception of body functions, for example heart palpitations, muscle tension, are analyzed in order to understand how physical complaints arise and can be influenced.
The question of the physiological and genetic basis of certain Personality traits ties in with the old teachings about constitution, physique and temperament.
In the clinical psychology and psychiatry psychophysiology contributes to new explanatory models and treatments.
An important field of use is the psychophysiological description of mental and emotional strain and excessive demands (stress) in the workplace in order to be able to improve work processes, break regulations, work organization, etc. Chronic overwork is seen as a contributory cause of some diseases, such as high blood pressure, and can have a negative impact on many other diseases.
example: So you can influence your thoughts by changing your own physical condition, because if you are angry or upset, you can first take a deep breath, into your stomach. This is how you signal to your body that it can stop releasing stress hormones. When the physical processes have calmed down, the thoughts or emotions will follow and become calmer and clearer again. With a bit of practice, you can bring overwhelming situations under control more quickly, if they make it necessary.
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