How famous is Goalkonda

Diamonds from Golkonda - Diamonds from India

Botswana, Sierra Leone, Congo, South Africa, Australia and Russia: all countries where diamonds are mined. One country that is considered a pioneer in international diamond mining is India, especially the diamond mines around Golkonda.


Golkonda is a historic fortified city in India, the history of which begins in the 12th century.
The city is located in central India, about 100 km northwest of the metropolis of Hyderabad and about 1600 km south of the capital New Delhi.

The Golkonda diamond mines

According to official reports, there were once 38 diamond mines in India, of which 23 mines in the Golkonda catchment area omitted. For this reason Golkonda also bears the name "Capital of Diamonds".

However, Golkonda is not the name of a specific diamond mine; rather, the term Golkonda Diamond Mines several mines summarized in which diamonds were mined in the past.

In the meantime, the mining of diamonds in Golkonda has been stopped. The subsequent processing and trading of the diamonds from Golkonda has always been done in Hyderabad.

However, not all of the diamonds found in Golkonda were sold. Diamonds weighing more than ten carats were respected by the reigning king; just like two percent of the proceeds from the sale of the Golkonda diamonds went to the king.

A name that is mentioned again and again in connection with the diamonds of Golkonda is Tavernier.
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (1605 to 1689) first made a name for himself through his travelogues, which took him across Europe and India. One of Tavernier's first stops in India was Golkonda in 1638.
Here and on his following five trips to India he came into contact with diamonds, so that over time he established himself as a diamond dealer and brought the valuable stones to Europe.

Colored and white diamonds from Golkonda

Golkonda diamonds have been among the first diamonds since they were discovered best quality diamonds in the world. The diamonds are from high purity and are available as white or colorless copies as well as colored diamonds.

Color diamonds are also referred to as fancy diamonds or fancies.
The spectrum of colors of fancy diamonds ranges from yellow and orange to red, pink, purple and blue to green, brown and black.

The origin of each color is individual, so that, for example, radioactive radiation as well as errors / faults / irregularities in the structure of the crystal lattice or the addition of various elements can explain the origin of the color of fancy diamonds.

Famous diamonds from Golkonda

  • Daria-i-Noor
    Alias ​​Darya-ye-Noor; is translated from Persian as "ocean of light". A pastel pink diamond with a weight of 182 caratswho in Table cut is held. Has been discovered. The exact time of Daria-i-Noor's discovery in the mines of Golkonda is unknown, but since 1739 the pink diamond has been part of the Persian Crown Jewels inventory now kept in Tehran.
  • Dresden Green Diamond
    The Green Dresden was named after the place where the apple green diamond from Golkonda has been at home since 1742: Dresden in Saxony. The 41 carat is in the Pendeloque cut held, the weight of the rough diamond was 119.5 carats.
  • Great Mughal
    The diamond mogul is currently the 7th largest diamond in the world. When cut, the Mughal Diamond weighs 280 carats. When the diamond was discovered in 1650, it weighed 787 carats. The im Rose cut held diamond from light greenish to bluish color has been lost since 1739.
  • Hope diamond
    The Hope diamond is a 45.42 carats heavier blue-gray diamondthat in the ancient Cushion cut (rectangular with slightly rounded edges) is kept. The blue diamond was discovered by Tavernier in 1666 and is currently in the showrooms of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C./USA.
  • Koh-i-Noor
    The white Like Daria-i-Noor, Diamant Koh-i-Noor also has a Persian name that stands for "Mountain of Light". The 108.93 carats heavy diamond belongs to the inventory of the British Crown Jewels, which are kept in the Tower of London / England.
  • Moon of Baroda Diamond
    The namesake of the diamond Moon of Baroda is the city of the same name Baroda - now called Vadodara - as well as the light yellow, moon-like color of the diamond. The 24.04 carats Heavy diamond was discovered in the 15th to 17th centuries and is pear-cut.
    The Moon of Baroda became famous through Marilyn Monroe, who wore the diamond as a pendant in the song "Diamonds are a girl's best friend" for the Hollywood classic "Blondes preferred".
  • Le Grand Condé
    Le Grand Condé is not just the name of a bright one pink diamonds from Golkonda, but also the title of Louis II. De Bourbon, Prince of Condé (1621 to 1686). The diamond came into the hands of the French royal family in 1643. The color diamond has a weight of 9.01 carats up and became one drops sanded.
  • Noor-ul-Ain
    Another diamond with a Persian name: "Light of the eye" is the German translation of the pale pink diamonds in the oval brilliant cut. Noor-ul-Ain was excavated in the 18th century and weighs in the cut state 60 carats. The diamond was set in a tiara and is part of the crown jewels of Iran.
  • Orloff diamond
    Orlov diamond or Orlov diamond. A light green, rose-cut diamond with a bluish cast, its weight 189.62 carats. Little is known about the history of the diamond and there are myths that the Orloff diamond is not a "new" diamond, but was carved out of the Great Mughal, whose whereabouts have been unknown since the 18th century. The current whereabouts of the Orloff diamond is the Kremlin in Moscow / Russia.
  • Princie diamond
    The Princie diamond is a boldly tinted one pink diamondwho was tracked down in Golkonda in the 18th century. For the 34.65 carat was a Cushion cut elected. The current owner of the diamond is unknown as the diamond was sold to an anonymous bidder at auction in April 2013 for just under $ 39 million.
  • Regent diamond
    The name Regent Diamond goes back to one of the previous owners of the diamond: Philippe II, Duke of Orleans and Regent of France (1674 to 1723). He acquired that white diamonds with a twinge in the blue in 1717 after the diamond was discovered in Golkonda in 1698. The stone in Cushion cut weighs 140.64 carats and can be viewed in the Louvre in Paris / France.
  • Shah diamond
    The Shah diamond or Shah diamond stands out visually from other cut diamonds. The yellow diamonds instead, the shape of the diamond resembles one elongated octagonal column of irregular geometry. Another special feature that distinguishes the Shah diamond are the engravings on the surface of the diamond. The names engraved in the diamonds are the names of the former owners of the gemstone: Bourham-Nizam-Shah II in 1000, son of Jehangir Shah - Jehan Shah in 1051 and Kadjar Fath Ali Shah in 1242. 1450 came 88.7 carats heavy diamond to Moscow, where the Shah diamond is still housed in the Kremlin today.
  • Wittelsbach-Graff diamond
    The Blue Wittelsbacher, as the diamond was initially called, also comes from Golkonda. Discovered in the 17th century, the blue diamond to a 35.56 carats heavy stone in Oval cut processed, which for many years was part of the repertoire of the crown jewels of Austria and Bavaria. 2008 is a very important year for the intense blue diamond. On the one hand, the diamond was auctioned for 16.4 million, and on the other hand, the sale went hand in hand with the change of name and cut. The Blue Wittelsbacher became "The Wittelsbach-Graff" based on the new owner of the colored diamond - Laurence Graff. Graff had the diamond reworked, accompanied by a slight weight loss. Today the blue diamond weighs 31.06 carats.

Also interesting:
⇒ The brilliant cut - the classic diamond cut
⇒ Diamond Bullion - stock exchange diamonds
⇒ Eye-clean and flawless diamonds

⇒ Bank, H. (1992): Diamonds. Pinguin-Verlag Innsbruck
⇒ Schumann, W. (1992): Precious and precious stones: all precious and precious stones in the world; 1500 individual pieces. BLV determination book, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft mbH Munich
⇒ Wagner, H. (1930): Echte Wagner Margarine, Album No. 3: Six famous gemstones
⇒ Tavernier, J.-B. (1681): Description of the six journeys / which Johan Baptista Tavernier, knight and baron of Aubonne, In Türckey / Persia and India / within forty years / through all routes / that one can take to these countries: Wherein different comments from the State of religion / government / customs and actions / any country included. Together with the figures / weights and the size of the coins / which are practicable in these countries / initially described in French / and divided into three parts / now alongside the description of the Turkish Serrail, and the coronation of the now ruling king in Persia / in the high -German language placed on the Liecht / by Johann Herman Widerhold
- - Smithsonian Institution: The Hope Diamond
- - Diamonds on location: Golconda
- - Golconda
- - The largest diamonds in the world

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Last updated: March 2, 2021

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