Why are banyan trees considered frightening

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Trees not only decorate the world, but also give our planet purity and fresh air. It usually takes many years for a tree to reach its mature age. But there are also those representatives of the plant world who can be called true centenarians, since their lifespan can be several thousand years. And being near such a tree gives unforgettable sensations for a long time, mixed with a sense of surprise and joy. And which trees are among the longest-lived in the world?

Surprisingly, the Christmas tree, which you will not be surprised in our part of the world, is one of the longest-lived trees in the world. It is this tree that symbolizes the New Year and that is so carefully decorated by all people on the eve of the holiday. And the oldest conifer grows in Dolarn (Sweden).

Experts have determined that this spruce has "hit" for 9550 years. An examination of this tree found that the Swedish spruce began to die a few decades ago, but suddenly it had a young shoot that allowed it to extend its life. And when you look at this tree, you can barely tell the difference between the old tree and the new sprout - they look roughly the same. But the remains of wooden and pine needles under the tree, examined by scientists, are clear evidence of the considerable age of the spruce. And who knows what age record this tree can set.

2 Sequoia and Baobab



Among the longest-lived trees in the world, trees, which can live up to 5000 years, are next on the list. Sequoia has been recognized as one of the tallest trees on the planet - this tree easily grows to 115 meters. It is also characterized by the great thickness of the crust, which can reach up to a foot in some places. If a fire strikes the sequoia bark, it won't burn, but it can char, which creates excellent heat protection for the entire tree.



And baobabs, like sequoias, can have a life expectancy of 5,000 years. This tree is considered to be one of the thickest, as the trunk diameter can be up to 10 meters. Baobabs have a unique ability - they absorb water (they can hold up to 120,000 liters). All of this is explained by the presence of porous tissues under the bark, resembling a sponge, which absorb liquid and provide life-giving moisture to the tree in dry weather.

3 yew tree and banyan



In third place on the list of longest living trees in the world, you can place these trees, which are up to 3000 years old, with confidence. Yew is also distinguished by the fact that it tolerates the lack of sunlight well, grows calmly and develops well.



A peculiarity of the banyan tree is the presence of thousands of trunks - in the middle there is the main trunk, from which thick shoots go out and from which branches are already falling, the aim of which is to put down roots. However, this is not possible for everyone - some shoots will dry out before they reach the ground. After rooting, the shoots begin to grow in thickness, after which they become very similar to the main stem and "continue their kind". The oldest banyan tree grows in India - the age of this tree is more than 3,000 years as the plant proves that it is capable of an even longer lifespan.

jaw



Pine can live up to 1200 years. As you know, there are always exceptions to every rule - the oldest pine tree in the world (Dorniger Zwischenberg) is 4900 years old. It is incredibly surprising that these pines grow in incredibly difficult conditions - they do quite well at an altitude of 3000 meters (in the United States), where the soil is not at all rich in nutrients necessary for growth and development, and also not from precipitation. Plants rarely "spoil".



Finally, we can spot a few more centenarians under the trees - a large-leaved linden, white poplar, and common oak, which can reach a thousand years of age. Nevertheless, conifers, which are highly valued by many peoples of the world, usually live a long life. For example, in Finland spruce is viewed as a symbol of life, in Japan this tree is viewed along with pine and juniper as a symbol of longevity, and in Korea and China spruce is viewed as a symbol of integrity and loyalty. Perhaps you can still explain your love for conifers by saying that they are incredibly sensitive to pollution and therefore should live long and "ennoble" the world population with cleanliness and improve the air everywhere.

Some of the longest living trees on our planet common spruce. The oldest spruce is 9550 years old and grows in the Swedish province of Dolarna. Interestingly, the spruce doesn't look old at all. Scientists analyzed the genetic information and discovered an unexpected coincidence: According to them, the slender spruce on Mount Fulu has the same genetic material as the remains below. It turns out that after the death of an old tree, for reasons unknown, there was a young shoot, and as a result, it extended its life.

The following are included in the list of long-lived trees Redwoodtree and baobab tree. Their age can reach 5000 years. In addition, sequoia is one of the tallest trees on earth, the height of each specimen reaches 115 meters. The bark of the California sequoia tree is up to 30 centimeters thick. It has an unusual property: on contact with fire, it carbonizes and becomes a thermal protection for the tree.

Baobab is one of the thickest: the girth of its trunk can be 9-10 meters while it is small in height, only 18-25 meters. A unique feature of the baobab tree is its ability to hold up to 120,000 liters of water. Under the thick bark of the tree are soft and porous tissues that absorb water like a sponge and are necessary for the tree to survive during a long drought in Africa.

Third place in the list of long-lived trees yew and Banyan Tree. Their age can reach 3000 years. Banyan, also known as tree forest, has not one, but thousands of trunks. In the center of the main stem, thick shoots grow, from which branches extend, which establish themselves in the ground. After that, they begin to gain in thickness, and then the secondary trunks become similar to the main trunk and begin to shoot their young shoots.

One of the oldest banyan trees in India has been growing for more than 3,000 years and is made up of 3,000 small and 3,000 large trunks, each over 60 meters high.

The yew tree is remarkable in that it easily tolerates a lack of light.

jaw. Their age can reach 1200 years. However, the age of one of the pine - pine - thorn - intermediate mountains is 4900 years. At an altitude of 3,000 meters on the California-Nevada border in the United States, where these pine trees grow, this is a very harsh habitat: the soil is poor in nutrients and rainfall is rare. It is amazing that they live in such conditions for millennia while not a single plant can survive nearby.

Pedunculate oak, white poplar, large-leaved linden close the list of long-lived trees. Their age can reach 1000 years.

It is noteworthy that the centenary trees are mainly conifers. Coniferous forests make up more than a third of all forests on the planet. In addition, conifers are indicators of air pollution and are very sensitive to their purity. Most likely, conifers are revered by many peoples for their longevity. In Japan, different types of pine, juniper and spruce are considered symbols of eternity and longevity, in Finland as symbols of life, in China and Korea as symbols of loyalty and integrity, in Asia Minor as symbols of immortality and fertility. Spruce is considered a sacred tree in Germany.

An unforgettable feeling is the proximity of a long-lived tree. Just think, these are the oldest living things on earth! You are eyewitnesses to all the great events of human civilization. Awareness of this fact is admirable.

Some of the longest-lived trees on our planet common spruce. The oldest spruce is estimated to be 9550 years old and grows in the Swedish province of Dolarna. Interestingly, the spruce doesn't look old at all. Scientists analyzed the genetic information and discovered an unexpected coincidence: According to them, the slender spruce on Mount Fulu has the same genetic material as the remains below. It turns out that after the death of an old tree, for reasons unknown, there was a young shoot, and as a result, it extended its life.

Spruce

The following are included in the list of long-lived trees Redwoodtree and baobab tree. Their age can reach 5000 years. In addition, sequoia is one of the tallest trees on earth, the height of each specimen reaches 115 meters. The bark of the California sequoia tree is up to 30 centimeters thick. It has an unusual property: on contact with fire, it carbonizes and becomes a thermal protection for the tree. When you walk among these giants, you seem to be in a fairy tale.

Giant sequoia trees

Baobab is one of the thickest: the girth of its trunk can be 9-10 meters while it is small in height, only 18-25 meters. A unique feature of the baobab tree is its ability to hold up to 120,000 liters of water. Under the thick bark of the tree are soft and porous tissues that absorb water like a sponge and are necessary for the tree to survive during a long drought in Africa.



baobab

Third place in the list of long-lived trees yew and tree Banyan Tree. Their age can reach 3000 years. Banyan, also known as tree forest, has not one, but thousands of trunks. In the center of the main stem, thick shoots grow, from which branches extend, which establish themselves in the ground. After that, they begin to gain in thickness, and after that the minor trunks become like the main trunk and begin to shoot their young shoots ...

One of the oldest banyan trees in India has been growing for more than 3,000 years and is made up of 3,000 small and 3,000 large trunks, each over 60 meters high.



Banyan Tree

The yew tree is remarkable in that it easily tolerates a lack of light.

jaw. Their age can reach 1200 years. However, the age of one of the pine - pine - thorn - intermediate mountains is 4900 years. At an altitude of 3,000 meters on the California-Nevada border in the United States, where these pine trees grow, this is a very harsh habitat: the soil is poor in nutrients and rainfall is rare. It is amazing that they live in such conditions for millennia while not a single plant can survive nearby.



Pine Dorniger Zwischenberg

Common oak (Petiole) silver poplar, large-leaved lindenclose the list of long-lived trees. Their age can reach 1000 years.

It is noteworthy that the centenary trees are mainly conifers. Coniferous forests make up more than a third of all forests on the planet. In addition, conifers are indicators of air pollution and are very sensitive to their purity. Most likely, conifers are revered by many peoples for their longevity. In Japan, different types of pine, juniper and spruce are considered symbols of eternity and longevity, in Finland as symbols of life, in China and Korea as symbols of loyalty and integrity, in Asia Minor as symbols of immortality and fertility. Spruce is considered a sacred tree in Germany.

This post is dedicated to the oldest living organisms on the planet who "saw" the "growth" and formation of humanity with their own eyes and some of them can and "see" his death.

Skhtorashen


Skhtorashen belongs to the eastern sycamore species - Platanus orientalis (Chinara). The age of the tree is 2000 years. Skhtorashen grows in Nagorno-Karabakh. At the base of this plane there is a hollow with an area of ​​44 m 2, the circumference of the tree trunk is 27 m and the height is more than 54 m. The crown of this giant with an area of ​​1400 m 2 forms a shadow on the surface of the earth, so it is not surprising that the tree is clearly visible from space.



This representative of the species Olive is European ( Olea europaea) grows in the Greek village of Ano Vouves. The age of the tree is approximate 2300 years, but Greek scholars "throw" it for another 700 years or more. The circumference of the trunk is 12.5 meters, diameter 4.6 meters.

The great Suga Kayano belongs to the species Cryptomeria Japanese - Cryptomeria japonica (Representatives of this species can be found even in Sochi). The great Suga Kayano grows near the walls of the Japanese Sugawara Temple in Ishikawa Prefecture. The age of this tree is 2300 years. This sacred representative of the Japanese Cryptomeria species is 54.8 m high, has a circumference of 11.5 m and a diameter of 3.41 m (at chest height the circumference is 9.6 m and the diameter 3.0 m).

Sri Maha Bodhiya


Sri Maha Bodia (Bo tree - "tree of wisdom") belongs to the species Ficus sacred ( Ficus religiosa linnaeus) Buddhists believe that Buddha attained enlightenment under these trees. The tree height of this species usually does not exceed 30 meters. The age of Sri Maha Bodia is estimated at 2300 years.

Hundred horse chestnut


Hundred horse chestnut (chestnut of a hundred horses) belongs to a variety that is a sowing chestnut - Castanea sativa (Representatives of this species also grow in Russia, in the south of the Krasnodar Territory). According to legend, "Chestnut of Hundreds of Horses" received such an unusual name that 100 knights sought shelter from the weather in the shadow of its crown. This tree grows in Sicily (Italy), 8 km from the crater of the Etna volcano. This representative of the way of planting chestnuts is really huge. Several trunks share roots above the ground. The girth of the tree is almost 60 meters (a Guinness book), so it is not surprising that the tree is also easily visible from space. Estimates of the age of this tree vary from 2000 to 4000 years.

Suga Jomon


Suga Jamon is another representative of the Japanese Cryptomeria species ( Cryptomeria japonica), grows on the Japanese island of Yakushima at an altitude of 1,300 meters above sea level. Japan's largest tree is valued 2170 - 7200 years. Suga Jamon was discovered in 1968. The height of this cryptomery is 25.3 meters, the circumference 16.2 meters, the wood stock 300 m 3.

General Sherman


General Sherman belongs to the species Sequoiadendron giant (sequoia) - Sequoiadendron giganteum and is the largest tree on earth. The volume of the trunk of the "General" is 1487 m 3 (total mass of the tree more than 1900 tons). This giant reaches a height of 84 meters and the circumference of the trunk at the base of 31.3 meters. General Sherman's age is approximate 2500 years. This giant is a long lived in (USA).



Fitzroya Cupressoides) is the only species in the genus Fitzroy. Representatives of this species grow in natural conditions only in the north of Patagonia and are the tallest trees in South America (the height of each representative reaches 70 meters). Fitzroy cypress is on the IUCN Red List in the Vulnerable category. Plants of this species have been successfully introduced to the British Isles, where their height is about 20 meters (Sochi's climatic conditions also meet the biological requirements of this species).
In the photo above, one of the representatives of the species Fitzroy cypress grows in the Argentine national park "Los Alerces". This centenarian's age is 2600 years, Height - 57.5 m and a diameter of 2.3 m.



Alishan Sacred Tree Age is 3000 years. This is red cypress ( Taxodium distichum) - The long liver grew / grows on the island of Taiwan near the Shenmu station at an altitude of 2000 meters. The height of the tree was 53 meters, the diameter 4.66 meters and the trunk circumference 23 meters. Unfortunately, this tree was badly damaged in 1956 and the authorities had to cut it down in 1998. A fence is currently being erected around the trunk of this sacred tree.




Patriarca da Floresta grows in Vassununga State Park in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo and belongs to the species Cariniana legalis. Hundred years of age is 3000 years (the oldest tree in South America), height 49 meters, trunk circumference 11 meters, the tree still bears fruit. The most amazing thing is that this "forest patriarch" was preserved on fertile soils that were actively used for growing sugar cane. The colonialists simply did not have the appropriate tools to cut these giants down.

S'ozzastru


S’Ozzastru - belongs to the type Olive european ( Olea europaea), she is an olive. Many representatives of this species are long-lived trees. S’Ozzastru is about 3,000 years old, 8 meters high and 12 meters in circumference. This long-liver, which grows in northern Sardinia, witnessed the construction of the first stone buildings by the Romans with primitive tools. The emergence, heyday and death of the great Roman Empire took place in the long "age" of this tree.
In Russia, Abkhazia, and Georgia, olive first appeared thanks to Greek colonists.

Juniper Jardine (Jardine Juniper)


Juniper Jardine belongs to the species Juniper rocky ( Juniperus scopulorum) The life expectancy of this species is growing in Utah (USA). The age of the tree is 3200 years, Height - 12.2 m, girth - 7.2 meters.

Chicago stump


The Chicago tree stump was in the past the General Noble Tree, which was one of the giant Sequoiadendron species ( Sequoiadendron giganteum) This tree was felled in 1892 for an exhibition in Chicago. The stump circumference of this tree is approx. 29 meters. General Noble Tree, whose age was 3200 yearswas perhaps the biggest tree a man has ever cut. There has been no tree for a long time, and tourists are still visiting the remains of a giant.

senator

The Senator belongs to the species Arizona Cypress (bald head) - Cupressus arizonicathat grows in Florida. Senator is about 3,500 years. The wood supply of this tree exceeds 144 m 3 and the height is 38 m. Unfortunately, this tree was recently badly hit by a fire.

Alerce

Such a nickname was given to one of the representatives of the species Fitzroy cypress ( Fitzroya Cupressoides), grows in the Chilean Andes. This giant's age is approximate 3600 years, a height of 57.5 meters and a trunk diameter of 2.3 meters.

Liangernyw yew


Liangernyw yew belongs to the species yew berry ( Taxus baccata), his age is 4000 years. The circumference of this giant on the earth's surface is 10.75 m.

Sarv-e-Abarkooh


Sarv-e-Abarkooh (Abar Kuh / Zoroastrian Sarv) belongs to the species cypress evergreen (C upressus sempervirens) and is listed on the Iranian National Heritage List. The age of this giant growing in Yazd Province, Iran is 4000 years, Height - 25 meters and trunk circumference - 18 meters.

Methusalah (Methusalah)


Methusalah belongs to the species of prickly pine / pine durable / ( Pinus longaeva) Due to their extraordinary longevity, the spruce pine trees are among the climatologists. Methusalah grows in the White Mountains in eastern California (Inio National Forest) at an altitude of about 3,000 m above sea level. The age of Methusalah is at hand 4800 years. This is the oldest tree of uncrowded origin.

Prometheus (Prometheus)


Prometheus belonged to the species Kiefer permanently ( Pinus longaeva) This centenarian was one of the oldest trees in the world, the age of which was 5000 years. Unfortunately, the age of this centenarian was only determined after he was deforested. They knocked out Prometheus for science, the US Forest Service, and one of the graduate students. Currently only the stump of this tree can be seen.

Huon pine


Huon pine belongs to the species Lagarostrobos franklinii, one of the families of conifers - Noglodnikovye. The colony of vegetative descendants of the long-lived Huon pine that grows on the southwest tip of Tasmania covers an area of ​​about 1 hectare. The age of this plant organism is 10,000 years, while the age of the individual shoots reaches 3000 years.

Old Rasmus

Old Rasmus belongs to the species spruce ( Picea abies). The age of these long liver growing in Sweden is 9500 years.



The old tjikko also belongs to the species of spruce ( Picea is absent) The age of this long-liver is growing in the Swedish province of Fulufjallet (Mount Dalarna) 9550 years (According to radiocarbon tissue analysis of the root system). The age of the trunks of overgrown origin that appeared above the ancient root system is only a few hundred years. This tree was discovered by Leif Kullman and his colleagues at Umea University.



Creosote belongs to the species Larrea tridentata. This bushy plant, about 3 meters high, forms a dense thicket. Apache Indians used the leaves of plants of this species to treat diarrhea. Frank Wasek, a professor at the University of California, discovered Larrea tridentata, about 20 meters old, in the center of the Mojave Desert near the Lucerne Valley community in California 11,700 years.

Jurupa oak


Jurupa oak belongs to the species Palmer oak ( Quercus palmeri) Scientists have discovered about 70 shoots with a height of about 1 meter on the "stump" of the oak in the Californian valley of Dzhurupa (USA). The age of the stump was 13,000 years. This long-liver is the only surviving representative of the forest flora that prevailed in the Djurup Valley during the last Ice Age.

Pando


The most immortal long-lived organism on the planet is pando, which belongs to the species poplar aspen ( Populus tremuloides) Utah (USA) is getting older than this poplar. 80,000 years.
Pando has the strongest root system of any living plant, over which trunks of overgrown origin grow (i.e. one root system forms an entire forest made up of 47,000 trees). The age of these tree trunks is approx. 130 years, they cover an area of ​​approx. 43 hectares.
Pando is not only the longest living organism on earth, but also the most massive. The weight of this system is around 6600 tons.

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In its millennial history, man has constructed a multitude of different buildings and structures that have promised to serve the people for many years to come. But nature never tires of proving that she is the founder of all life on our planet, and only she chooses and guarantees the life of all living beings and structures on earth. Perhaps the plants discussed below are the guardians of life and the development of our planet in the future.

For millennia, nature has been creating and preserving trees and shrubs that have been present in all known events on earth and have known the answers to almost all questions for many years that plague the minds of thousands of scientists. If a person could read information from plants, secrets would no longer exist on earth now, as information would be obtained from contemporaries of the construction of Egyptian pyramids and Mayan cities. Long-lived plants, their species, names, areas in which they grow and how many years adorn our planet earth.



The only type of oppressor class currently in existence. Welwitschia grows on a small stretch of coast of Africa in Namibia and Angola. Due to the low humidity in Africa, the plant is very rare in the depths of the continent, which are more than 100 kilometers from the Atlantic. Velvichia, unlike other long-lived plants of small size, reaches its maximum height of 50-60 cm, the stem is thick, resembles a tree. Velvichia leaves grow throughout the life of the plant and can reach heights of up to eight meters. Propagation of the plant occurs through wind transmission of seeds over great distances. With the help of modern science, it was calculated that Velvichy can live 2000 years and more. The largest Velvichia reached a height of 1.4 meters.



Ficus bengali is common in South Asia. This is not just a tree, but a huge living organism that has not one, but thousands of trunks that can reach the length of the crown 600 meters. The oldest is the ficus growing in India, which in its age is called the Great Banyan Tree about 2000 years. The height of the tree is 25 meters, and the area is about 1.5 hectares.



Sequoia grows mainly in North America on the Pacific coast. The size of the trees is amazing, the height of the sequoia trees reaches 100-115 meters. These evergreen giants are a natural decoration, when you look at them you can feel how small and powerless a person is against the background of natural creations. The oldest sequoia "General Sherman" is in California, and its age is approximate 2500 yearsThe weight of the tree is even frightening to imagine 1910 tons, a height of 83.8 meters and a diameter of 11 meters. Hyperion is the tallest species of sequoia discovered by humans in our time. It reaches 115.5 meters but is still young, only 700 years old, and there is a possibility that the dataset will be updated over time.



Juniper West grows mainly in the mountains of the United States, the optimal altitude for its life is between 1000 and 3000 meters above sea level. Juniper can grow up to 30 meters high. Grows in a mountainous rocky area and is one of the most common plants. For the distribution on the slopes of the mountains, birds that feed on juniper fruits are of great importance, and with the chair they sit in wide areas. There are now more than 20 junipers over 2000 years old around the world. California cultivates the oldest representative of the species for him 3000 yearsThe trunk is 3.9 meters thick and 26 meters high.



Cypress trees grow in the subtropical and tropical climates of the northern hemisphere. The oldest cypress in the world is the Zoroastrian sarve that grows in Iran 4000-4300 years. The height of this Iranian classic car is 25 meters and the circumference is about 20 meters. The Fitzroy cypress is another huge classic car planet that grows in South America. Growing in Chile, Fitzroy has a height of 58 meters and a trunk diameter of 2.5 meters. Its age is 3600 years.



Yew trees are found practically all over Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. The average height of the trees is 15-20 meters, but sometimes the yew trees grow to 28 meters. Excellent wood that can serve people for decades and has protective qualities against almost all microbes known to mankind. The oldest yew tree in the world called Fortingelsky grows in Scotland. The age, which cannot be precisely determined and is called by different numbers from 2000 to 5000 years. According to legend, the forting body was seen by Pontius Pilate himself and is considered to be one of the oldest plants in Europe.




One of the main centenarians of the plants is the thorn pine. These trees grow in the mountains at an altitude of 3000 meters and above. The pine survives in harsh environmental conditions, on rocky soils and with practically no rainfall. Where other plants cannot take root and these trees can grow for decades. In the middle of the 20th century, Nevada sawed a thorn pine, the age of which, it was hard to imagine, was around 4900 years old.

Today in America and now there are several pine trees that are over 4000 years old and quite a few young trees that are only 1000 years old. The average tree size is 10 to 15 meters, the trunk diameter in rare cases exceeds 150 to 160 cm. The oldest pine trees even have their own names that are known all over the world. For a long time, the pine on Mount Wheeler in Nevada, which was felled in 1964, was considered. The approximate age of the Prometheus tree was 4862 years. It was considered the oldest tree on our planet. Today the oldest thorn pine grows at its age in California 4842 yearsand the name is Methuselah.



Baobabs grow in the African savannah and are one of the thickest trees on our planet. The size of the African giants is 18-25 meters, and the trunk diameter is 8-10 meters. Due to the geographical conditions and the climate in which the trees grow, in the driest season the tree begins to feed on its moisture reserves and its volume decreases slightly. This would completely restore their strength and moisture reserves during the rainy season. However, these are not all the differences between baobabs and other trees, nor do they have annual rings from which the age of the plant can be calculated. According to experts, the average age of baobabs is between 800 and 900 years. However, there is information that trees 4.5 meters in diameter are more than 4,000 years old. The man who discovered the baobab world, Michelle Adanson, discovered a baobab tree that was the same age in the late 18th century 5150 years.

2. Pando, poplar aspen



Pando, an aspen-shaped poplar tree, is found in the United States and is the oldest living organism on planet Earth. The age of the individual root system of all poplars growing here is 80,000 years. The total area of ​​this natural wonder is 46 hectares, on which about 50,000 plants grow, about 150 years old. The life of this organism is cyclical and does not stop a thousand years ago. Pando also has a total weight of 6,000 tons.



Spruce is common all over Europe. The maximum height of the trees reaches 50 meters and the trunk diameter is 1 meter. The average age of the plants is 300 years, in some cases the trees can live up to 500 years. But in Sweden the spruce stand is growing, the age of its root system is calculated by scientists and is the same 9550 yearsHer name is Old Tikko.