Running improves memory retention after studying
Municipal household preschool institution
kindergarten №104 "Gee Swans"
Mnemotechnics for preschoolers
Methodological manual for. Dow teacher
Methodological manual "MTP for Preschool Children ».
The preparation of the utility took part: Husaanova Maria Nikolaevna.
Reviewer: Abbianzov T.L.
Mnemotechnics for Preschoolers: A Methodological Guide. -1-E ed. / Ed. M. Husaanova, - 44 p.
The methodological manual considers mnemotechnics to be a set of methods and receptions that you can use to visualize information for ease of perception and subsequent playback. That is, this is a kind of abstract in pictures.
The methodological manual reveals the creation of the system directly educational activities with the children preschool age and compliance with the principle of integration, which is ensured by everyone's interaction educational regions.
In this manual these questions are revealed: - Why do I need mnemotechnics?
How is the training?
The manual also mentions the purpose of training children to love poetry.
The structure of Mnemotechnics - Mnemotables, Mnemoksumdraten, Mongwers are taken into account. The manual includes a list of poems with visual modeling.
An example of an experiment in the second younger group of MBDOU Kindergarten 104 "Goose Swans" is also given. To identify and indicate that, when learning techniques, it is necessary to encourage children to learn activities that they organize, whatever caused their interest in the teachings, namely the use of mnemonics, namely the use of mnemonics when You take advantage of the use of mnemonics in memorizing poems.
In the method of speech development there is a special place of work aimed at increasing in increasing children's love of poetry, knowledge with poetic works, the development of skills to pick up poetry and expressly reproduce it. Shattered poems for preschoolers have a great advantage: the horizon grows, the rhyme offers the opportunity to achieve inner harmony, the memory develops, the cultural level of a little little man is formed. Each verbal product learned from the child's memory enriches the vocabulary that makes up his own language. Expressive execution develops language techniques: diction, breathing; Mastering orthoepia. With the same purpose, a variety of exercises, the development of speech hearing, different pronunciation of sounds and words; Exercises to develop intonation expressivity, training the ability to determine the meaning of logical beats and others
Objective: To use mnemonic technology in the educational process to develop the speech of preschool children.
1. Promote related language development.
2. Expand children's vocabulary.
3. Generate the ability to convert abstract characters into images (transcoding information).
4. Improve children's ability to coordinate adjectives with nouns in the manner of the number.
5. Give the education of development in children of perception, reproduction, the opportunity to use technology tools.
Why do you need mnemotechnics?
The word mnemotechnics emerged from the ancient Greek patronage of memory - mnemosins. This direction in children's development has become very popular. Previously it was used in most of the art of speaking, for the ability to change language, now the technique is used much extensively. By using unique tables, teachers solve the following problem in children:
development of memory, preservation and storage of information;
development logical thinking;
the formation of speech, in particular the improvement of the diction, the sound pronunciation;
helps the child learn to create their thoughts and work through suggestions;
increases the ability to focus attention in a lesson;
the technique forms the ability to create stories and to create a readable text that facilitates the storage process.
How to study
The sequence is important in the development of the child. Learning on mnemonics should occur in phases, then it can bring the most effective results.
The first stage of learning for the youngest preschoolers are monsoksmocks. Such a picture is an applied picture that means a word or phrase, for example: a house, wood, flower, etc.
When the child has mastered the mnemoksmocks, the educator complicates the task, thereby demonstrating the mimads. You are a table made up of four pictures. In the picture the child can do 2-3 simple sentences.
The most complex structure is mnemotable. It consists of a block of schematic pictures that you can use to make a whole story or learn a poem.
List of poems with visual modeling!
Poem "White Teddy".
The poem "cow".
Poem "in the forest".
Analysis of the experiment
In order to identify the most appropriate and efficient ways of children's learning, we set the goal of diagnosing child memory. In this document an auditory, visual, shaped memory was examined.
When studying children, it was very important to use diagnosis, which made it possible to determine the development of the development of visual, auditory, shaped memory. Individual work was chosen as the main research method.
In the process of studying children, psychological and educational research methods were also used: conversation and observation. With the help of the conversation, two tasks were solved: establishing contact with the child and general acquaintance with him. At the same time, the peculiarities of oral speech by children, the focus of their interests, the nature of relationships with adults and colleagues. This contributed to a deeper understanding of some parties' identity of children.
When carrying out an experiment, a lot of attention was paid to create an additional emotional mood in the test subjects. At the same time, everything was made necessary for children to have a sense of responsibility for the results of their activities in the experience.
The observation method was entered as an integral part of the experiment. For a high-quality analysis of the child's psyche, we observed a child's behavior in an experimental setting, his attitude towards emerging difficulties.
The specified experiment was carried out in the city of Ulanovsk in November 2016. A group of younger preschoolers, consisting of 10 people, aged 3-4 years, of whom 6 girls and 4 boys were examined.
As mentioned above, the experiment was carried out on an individual basis. The experiment consisted of 3 episodes and was carried out in phases so that children would not feel, not exaggerated, that they were weird. When examining the auditory memory, the "10 words" technique was used, special memory - Methods "NelPitsy", formed memory - Methods L.F. Simonova.
First episode. Method "10 words".
The child is reading 10 words: table, viburnum, chalk, elephant, park, legs, hand, wicket, window, tank.
Scoring: Play 5 - 6 words after the first reading indicates a good listening level of mechanical memory.
Second series. Methods "nelpitsy".
Images depicting ridiculous situations are taken from the methodological manual of the S.D. Zabramnaya "selection of children in auxiliary schools" borrowed.
The child is presented with a picture and the following instructions are given: "Now I will prepare, but for our work together, but now, so as not to miss the picture, look at this picture, then the picture will be of him You need to fix all of the child's statements. If a child is bored for 15 seconds, ask questions.
Did you like the picture (If you only got an affirmative answer, then the next question is set).
What did you like? (When the child begins to list the fragments of the situation, the next question is determined).
What is being drawn there? (If the fragments are poorly reproduced and play sluggishly, it requires stimulation in the form of questions).
What else? Maybe remember? (Additional answers are recorded; if not, the question is fixed).
Funny picture? (If only one positive answer, a new question is posted).
What's funny there (If there is no clear attitude towards the situation as being ridiculous, the next question is posed).
Or maybe like that in life? Maybe something is confused here?
In cases when the child immediately assesses the situation as ridiculous (here everything is confused, and actively drives on fragments, all the questions listed are removed.
When evaluating the results, both the fact of an adequate understanding of the child and his or her emotional reaction in studying the object and the number of facts reproduced are taken into account.
Third series. The essence of the technique is that the subject is offered for 30 seconds to remember that 12 images are offered in the form of a table.
The subject's task after removing the table - to verbally express those images that he remembered.
The evaluation of test results is based on the number of properly displayed images. The norm is 6 correct answers and more.
As mentioned above, the first set of tasks was given in the form of game words.
I did not cope with the task (-)
Distortion of word structure (- / +)
1 child duly and accurately reproduced words. A smaller proportion of the 3 people surveyed missed individual words. Most of - 6 people allowed word skipping, distortion of word structure.
As the results of this series of experiments showed, it was shown that 1 who was fully accustomed to the tasks, fulfilled without errors, did not call for the teacher's help. Three children who were faced with the task of missing words but not skewing the meaning. Six children have difficulty completing this task, out of 10 suggested words reproduced from 1 to 4 words. Children did not appeal for words, suggested assistance in completing the task was declined.
When performing this series of tasks, the following functions of tasks are considered:
children with interesting tasks;
children, carefully listening to the teacher, clearly and accurately reproduced suggestions;
such a feature was also seen: 3 people from the corporation did not show initial interest in the task, the desire to work with them, promised a promise to play the teacher to play with them.
In the second series, children were offered pictures "Nelpitsy".
We have given the evaluation of 3 levels:
Task performed correctly (+)
Credit with the assignment with a teacher (+/-)
I did not cope with the task (-)
1 child fully completed with the task is done accurately and without errors. A smaller part of children 2 who completed the task with the task with the help of teachers. Most of the 7 people examined with the task were not even coped with with help.
The following characteristics of the execution were observed during the execution. A child fully coped with the task grasped precisely and without errors, did not approach Teacher's help. Almost all children were difficult to understand the task, they could not immediately understand what was needed of them. However, two children who managed most of the task were relied on for help from the teacher; Help Accepted and After explaining the meaning of the instructions, the children did the tasks correctly. Seven people failed to cope. It should be noted that some children are not interested in completing this task because this process is difficult to complete the same task. It is also important to note that several people in the group were unable to complete the tasks at all, they needed constant control of the teacher and additional tools (visual material, leading questions). This shows underwork in mental activity and low cognitive activity.
Third series. The task consisted of 12 pictures. The results were estimated at the following levels.
The task is done correctly (+)
When completing tasks, the teacher was required, he led to the correct execution of tasks (+/-)
The task is wrong (-)
2 people completed the task without any errors, they called three correct pictures. 7 people did not actually cope with the task, carried out from 12 words 1-4. 1 person partially mastered the tasks.
Analyzing the execution of these tasks, it is important that all children are related with the task, with the task, with different quality of work. All children used the help of a teacher, although in some cases this support did not lead to a positive outcome, i.e. H. correct task execution.
In the given experiment, we divided the group of children with 3 subgroups in accordance with the foods of memory development.
Corresponds to a low memory level. This group includes 60% of the children who perform 20-30% of the suggested tasks. Children have a low level of willingness, a small supply margin, the horizon is reduced. There is a non-formation of such mental processes as memory, attention, thinking. Children of lack of means, slowly, do not show interest in the proposed tasks. The analysis of the tasks showed that the mistakes in these children are due to inattention, the poorly formed language system.
Corresponds to the average level. This group includes 30% of the children who perform 50 to 80% of the suggested tasks. Children are interested in these tasks that carry playing Or cause no trouble. If the task was unbearable, interest in its implementation immediately vanished. Children of this subgroup had the desire to overcome the difficulties on their own, but also appea.
The reasons for some mistakes can be explained by the fact that children are often distracted, repeating the same thing that distracted their attention from the task. You were active enough but tired quickly. Such children needed a different nature of Teacher's help.
Corresponds to the high memory development. In this subgroup, 10% of the children were entered, which performed 80-100% of the proposed tasks with practically no errors. There is a high level of preparation, a total range of knowledge, a high level of development in language development. 1 child entered this group. It is also just as important that this child, as a representative of a strong group, does not give a violation of behavior, carefully listens to the teacher, the help of the educator is practically not required.
Conclusions based on the results of a relative experiment.
Analyzing the results of a particular experiment aimed at determining the evolution of children's memory, we can say that all children are absorbed by the material in different ways, this is on the training of children, too, has more importance a zone of next development.
In performing various types of tasks described in the experiment, the children faced difficulties of an intellectual and spiritual nature. It is also important to pay attention to it individual characteristics The emotionally voluntary children, which is also important for the classroom.
In the course of the relationship experiment, it was confirmed that during training it is necessary to use techniques that encourage children to engage in educational activities organized by their interest in teaching a positive emotional attitude, namely, the use of mnemonics when memorizing poems. Even during the experiment, the group is divided into learning, skills and abilities in the level of learning, skills. This separation is relative, as its composition can change at different training levels.
We carried out a forming experiment in which we did Mnemoksmaddraße, Mongow, Mnemotabrissen, in order to memorize poems and fairy tales. Cancer material is shown in the application.
The stap control was carried out in April 2017.
The first series was rated as well as the employment level.
For children of the 2nd younger group:
3 Words duly and accurately reproduced by the child. Most of the 6 children examined were missing separate words. 1 The examined permitted transfer words, distortion of the word structure.
As the results of this series of experiments showed, 3 children who completed the tasks completely without errors did not respond to the teacher's help. Six children faced with the task of missing words but not distorting the meaning. A child has difficulty performing this task because of their hyperactivity. This child did not appeal for assistance in repeating the suggested assistance in order to accomplish the rejected task.
In the second series of the trial.
2 The baby, fully coped with the task, created accurately and without errors. Most of the children out of 7 people were using the task, some of which were made with the help of the teacher. One child did not cope with the task, even with help.
The third row of the control level.
From the analysis of the result of the third series:
4 people completed the task without any errors, given four correct images. 6 children partially mastered the tasks. Not critical with the task wasn't.
Analyzing the execution of these tasks, it is important that all children who are coped with the task, with different quality of work, this quality has become much better compared to the instruction level. All the children used the teacher's help.
In the control experiment, we divided the group of children into 3 subgroups in accordance with the food development levels.
Corresponds to a low memory level. This group includes 10% of the children who complete 20-30% of the proposed tasks. This group included one child. He has a low level of willingness, a small offer of knowledge, narrowed the horizon. There is a non-formation of such mental processes as memory, attention, thinking. The analysis of the tasks showed that the faults of the child due to inattention, the poorly formed language system, have the faults.
Corresponds to the average level. In this group, 70% of children entered who were properly performed from 50 to 80% of the proposed tasks. Children show an interest in these tasks that carry the game moment or do not cause difficulties. The reasons for some errors can be explained by the fact that children of junior preschool age and are characteristic of frequent distractions, vocabulary insufficiency. These children get tired easily. Such children needed a different nature of Teacher's help.
Corresponds to the high memory development. In this subgroup, 20% of the children were entered, which completed 80-100% of the suggested tasks with almost no errors. There is a lot of preparation, good vocabulary. This group includes 2 investigated.
Conclusions based on the results of the test experiment.
Analyzing the results of a particular experiment aimed at identifying the development of children's memory developments, we can say that children are received in different ways. It is important to pay attention to the individual characteristics of the emotionally free child, which is also important in training.
This work has provided the effectiveness of language development in preschool children through teaching children to say with the help of mnemonics:
The use of mnemonics in storytelling and memorization has a positive effect on children's speech, which indicates the prospects of this type of work.
The work system allows preschoolers to meet the communicative need to show creative activity, independence.
The use of exercises, didactic and educational games contributes to the development of children's logic and flow sequence.
Thanks to the development of intellectual skills based on didactic and educational games, the use of various model methods was able to achieve such a result.
We also concluded that the environment that surrounds the child plays an important role in the development of a growing man. The program we developed made it possible to increase some indicators of children's knowledge, and therefore more the need to stimulate the language activity of the preschooler modeling elements.
Fiction, and especially poetry (and artistic world and folklore) is an important source for the enrichment of the child's figurative speech, the development of his or her poetic hearing, ethical and moral concepts. Induction of preschoolers with poetic genre fiction It helps solve some of the tasks that the tutor will encounter in developing the child's speech.
Preschool development. Children are a very important phase in the preparation of the school program. Mnemotechnics allows you to get good results in many directions for the child's development. It contributes to the improvement of language, logical thinking, memory, imagination and facilitates perception required material. An important rule When using mnemotechnics, sharing classes with a child is not just about educators kindergarten, but also parents at home.
You can summarize this methodological handbook with the words of VG Belinsky Music. "
Note .......................................... .4.
Introduction .............................................. 5.
For what is needed, dosed .................. .7How to study …………………….9
List of poems with visual modeling ................................. ... 12
Analysis of the experiment ...................................... 21
Conclusion ....................................... ... 42
MNEMOSHEM POEM O. TSVETSKY "Dandelion"
Dandelions grew up
Young at first.
He has wonderful
He is a great sun
Mnemosem to the poem I. S. Nikitina "Admos: Spring is coming ...".
Customize: Spring is coming,
Caravan Caravas Flying
The day drowns in bright gold,
And rivers in ravines are loud.
Soon the guests will gather in you,
How many nests turning works - see!
What sounds are cast for songs?
Day of the day, from dawn to dawn!
Mnemosem on the story of N. Sladkov "Spring Bath".
Mnemoshem to N. Kalinina's story "Over the Snow Skalok".
Mnemoseme on the story of E. Charushina "Lyseata".
Mnemosem for the story "Autumn".
Gold autumn came. Autumn has three months: September, October and November.
In autumn the days get shorter and nights shorter.
The sky is often closed with gray clouds and the sun rarely shines.
Often goes fine cold rain.
In autumn on the trees, the leaves begin to push. They cover the floor with a multi-colored carpet. Leavefall turns with a bright blow of the wind in the air.
In autumn the grass turns yellow and dries up. The newest flowers are watered down in the flower beds. People take the leaves from the seal bushes and jump the land on the flower beds.
Publications on the topic:
The use of MPM in the development of speech in preschool children "The Use of Mnemotechnics in the Development of Preschool Language" MPM - Methods and Techniques to Facilitate the Process of Memorizing Information. Happens.
Use of ICT in the development of cognitive processes in older preschoolers In the context of modern development of society and production, it is impossible to imagine the world without information resources, no less significant.
The use of innovative methods and techniques in developing flat mobility of the hands in preschoolers with a speech impairment "No intellectual advantage made a person the lord of all living things, but the fact that we have our hands - this body of all organs."
The use of innovative technologies in cognitive language development in preschool children It is one of the most complex forms of manifestation of higher mental processes. Not a complex form of mental activity.
With fairy tales in the cognitive and language development of senior preschoolers Hello, dear jury members, colleagues! I, Guseva Natalia Valerievna, team teacher preschool education MOZHARSK CENTER.
Advice to Teachers "Use Collectibles in Developing Preschoolers' Creativity" Period preschool childhood is sensitive in the formation of the creative orientation of the personality (L. S. Begotiy, A. N. Leontiev, L. A.
The use of MPM in the development of speech in preschool children
theme: "The use of MPM in the development of preschoolers."
Purpose: Awareness of teachers using methods of mnemonics as a way to develop language, memory and thinking of preschool children in order to provide effective remembering, storage and reproduction of information.
The modern world is saturated with the latest technologies.
Children live in a powerful information stream, in which living communication is replaced by a computer and a TV, a tablet or a telephone.
Hence, speech development is becoming an increasingly relevant problem.
The main problem areas in the development of children's speech:
One step made up of simple suggestions.
Inability to build a joint offer;
Consumption of non-industrial words and phrases;
Bad dialog speech: inability to competently and affordably formulate a question, build a short or expanded answer;
Difficulties in building a monologue: For example, a plot or descriptive story on the proposed topic; the distortion of the text in their own words;
Lack of logical justification of their statements and conclusions;
Lack of language culture skills: inability to use intonation, adjust the volume of speech and the tempo of speech;
The main objectives of the Child Speech Development work in Dow are to:
Oral language education and language communication skills with others based on the mastering of the literary language of their people.
Formation of the sound culture speech.
Developing children's vocabulary.
The formation of its grammatical system.
Connected language development.
K. D. Ushinsky in his works stated that the main goal in the development of speech is to teach the child to correctly express his thoughts, to develop his mental abilities.
It is necessary to teach children to independently acquire knowledge of surrounding objects in order to develop their ability to observe.
Communication with this K. D. Ushinsky recommended to use different methods The development of language and thinking, including observation, viewing images, images of stories. This opinion was adhered to to S. L. Rubayestein, A. M. Leushin, L. V. Elkonin. They believed that one of the factors facilitating the process of becoming coherent language is visibility.
K. D. Ushinsky wrote: "Teach the child along with someone he doesn't know five words
Because the visual material is better absorbed by preschool coolers, the use of mnemonics allows children to perceive and recycle visual information.
Preschooler is a special time in personality development. During this time, the memory speed is ahead of other capabilities. Children ask a lot of questions, the new information is extremely necessary: The brain requires food. The child must be able to remember that they are being taught to control the correctness of the memorization.
So what is dosed?
The teacher of rhetoric and poet Simonide became the founder of a new method of storage - topological mnemonics, according to which it is enough to put it in a familiar space (for example, his own apartment), and how it takes to get it ( Find).
Simonid's teaching consisted of two important concepts - association and background.
Association is a mental connection between the two objects, the background is what you know well for the smallest details. In order to be able to remember many facts, you need to have to remember many facts with what you know.
Using the Simonidovo method, Cicero, who had proven his speech, went from room to room. He speaks in front of the public, he was mentally the same, and gathered "scattered" on the way the facts and sayings come along the way.
Then mnemonica on long years was forgotten. The increased amount of information and the need to recall much and long interest in this field of practical psychology.
At present, various rational memorization techniques have been created, but there is still the essence of their one - the first support number is remembered (the background on which the association is selected.
We present several well-known mnemonic phrases or words. Of course, everything is a phrase known since childhood, the order of the spectrum colors asks: "Every hunter wants to know where the pheasant sits." Or similar to "Like Jacques once did, who rocks the city, the lantern broke". The first few words of the words in these suggestions give the names of the colors: red, orange, yellow, etc.
When I was studying in school, we studied all known papers. Here is our teacher that makes it easier for us to teach us such a funny phrase here
"Ivan gave birth to a girl whom one can pull a diaper". We were very funny! But I still remember that sentence.
The words "mnemonics" and "mnemonics" therefore refer to the same thing - memorization technology. They come from the Greek "mnemonicon" - the type of memory.
Mnemonica (Greek - The Art of Memorization, Mnemonics - a series of special techniques and methods that make it easier to memorize the necessary information and increase the amount of memory through the formation of associations (ties).
Mnemonics system "Internal letter" based on the immediate
records in the brain of connections between visual images denoting significant elements of the remembered information.
Mnemonic memorization consists of four levels:
Coding in pictures.
Storage (connection of two images)
Fixation in memory
Mnemotechnics helps to develop:
Summary and listening attention
Summary and auditory memory
Like any work by mnemotechnics is built from easy to complex. It is necessary to work with the simplest of mnemoksmocks in order to move consistently to MertoPalki and later - to Mnemotables.
Mnemotechnics consists of:
Mnemokvadrat. - This is a separate schematic pattern with specific information.
Monsododozheka. - This is a table of 4 or more cells linear
Mnemotablitsa. - This is a scheme in which certain information is placed. The essence of Memoshem is as follows: for every word or small phrase, the picture is invented (picture); All the text thus outlines schematically, looking at these schemes - drawings, the child easily remembers the information. Mnemotechnics can be started with young ageHowever, do them rationally in the 4-5 year olds when the main vocabulary is accumulated.
For children of younger and middle preschool it is necessary to give colored MPMOTAles because children will be remembered. Individual images: Chicken - yellow, gray mouse, green Christmas tree, berries - red, and "Hide" sign in one graphic image.
For example: FOX - consists of geometric figures (Triangle and circle). Bear is a big brown circle, etc.
For older children, the scheme is preferably drawn in one color so as not to distract attention to the brightness of symbolic images.
Working on mnemotables consists of three stages.
Stage 1: Look at the table and analyze what is represented on it.
Stage 2: Information transformation takes place, i. H. Conversion of abstract symbols in the picture.
3 Stage: After crippling, a story or story is carried out on a given topic.
IN THE junior groups With the help of an educator, the elders should be able to independently.
Muraltable can be used:
Credit the vocabulary;
When you study the compilation of stories;
When negotiating fiction;
When he guesses and riddles;
When memorizing poems.
Mnemonics are especially effective when learning poetry.
The essence is as follows: for each word or small phrase, the picture is invented (picture); Thus the entire poem is sketched schematically. After that, a memory child with a graphic image reproduces the poem in full. At the initial stage, the adult offers a ready-made plan - a scheme, and as the child is learned, they are also actively involved in the process of creating their own
When you clean up with the help of Mnemotable, you can see them all acting personsand focus on the correct construction of suggestions and, when rendering in their language, the necessary expressions.
With shaking secrets
Creating a story about spring
Results of working with mnemonics in children:
Extends the circle of knowledge about the world.
There is a desire to retell texts, to invent interesting things
There is an interest in memorizing poems and speeches, patterns,
Vocabulary comes to a higher level;
Children overcome shawls, shyness, learn to stay free
in front of the audience.
I believe that the children teach children early to use the method of mnemonics and programs. Models, the better we will prepare them for school, since connected speech is an important indicator of the child's mental abilities and readiness for shouldering.
Workshop. Attraction of the listener to the work of the master class.
Exchange ideas. Fashionable interpretation.
When conducting a workshop, all participants were divided into four creative groups. The task was suggested to each creative group:
1. Creation of mnemothels and story descriptions on the lexical theme "Spring" with Mnemokadrov.
2. Compilation of mnemotabilitions in the text of the valley "Teremok", observe the order of development of the property.
3. Drawing Mnemotable to memorize the poem on the suggested text:
Swallow with spring.
Fly away from us in the Sen.
With their sun color
And spring miles.
Paste with expensive
I will give you grain;
And you spell.
Which from the distant lands
Brought with me
Easter. Fixed circle.
Clean the house sparkles.
Willows on the table and Easter.
So light and so beautiful!
Eggs painted everywhere
And Kulich is on the court.
Mama in the CITZ apron
Invites everyone to go
And taste a pleasure
In honor of the resurrection of Christ.
4. Educate Mitigas on mysteries
Swam bravely in heaven
The bear came running
The field, roofs, forest,
Gone even irritated
(Clouds and thundercloud)
The sun is playing and the birds are pinched
Wall decoration - red. (EACs)
The artistic reflection was an achievement of creative groups.
Thank you for your attention!
Hello, our dear readers! With the advent of more and more new methods of child development, parents are presenting new assignments. Today we're going to discuss one of the newest techniques used by educators and speakers for developing language and memories - mnemonics. We're also going to consider mnemotable for preschool kids in pictures and learn to use them.
Mnemotechnics are a set of receptions and procedures for storing information with visual and audio samples.
To this day, such a memorization technique is widely used in the children's preschool institutions and at the reception at the speech therapist.
Mnemotechnics helps young children:
- Easier to learn poems, patters, riddles, stories;
- Information from visual to abstract and vice versa dealing with secure;
- Build the logical chain of events and reproduce the story in the correct order (the beginning - the middle conclusion);
- Enriched vocabulary;
- Helps develop thinking;
- Develops imagination;
- It helps to create long descriptive suggestions and coordinate times.
This technique uses visual manuals - tables. In developing language development, teachers often make use of mnemotechnics and provide children with resolution and annotation of pictures on spreadsheets. Tables can have the most different types and subject.
Differentiation of such mnemotables:
- For poems, riddles or fairy tales;
- Learn rules by heart;
- For stories.
Modern children are surrounded by a mass of information, most of the time they do not have time to assimilate it and therefore test it with reproduction. Children Preschoolers often have quite a large vocabulary but only form simple sentences that cannot be gathered into a full logical story. Mnemotables teach children to plan a story and reproduce it in a logical order. The use of mnemonics significantly improves the educational process, children learn faster.
2. Make a mergemot
Mnemotable can be drawn by hand or assembled from images as a collage. At the initial stage of training, it is better to draw small ones in relation to the volume table tape, placing 3-4 pictures in a row. Children are interesting to paint these pictures and later to propose your ideas for the drawing.
To do mnemonics you need:
- Crush the story of the story by defining key moments (every 2-3 words), spread the sheet of paper into squares;
- Draw a picture for each such moment (describing nouns or adjectives);
- Unclear words (verbs or questions) If possible, somehow insert a character or just insert a character "?"? It is necessary to comment on the child.
Different puzzles or fairy tales are easier and more fun when noticed by young children, when broken down into situations and shown in pictures. Then the child is suggested to remember what is described and tell the stages to look at the pictures.
At the same time, such processes occur in the head in the head:
- Consideration of images and understanding that they are presented;
- Transcoding information from visual to figurative, mapping images with a concept;
- Create a story on pictures;
- Remembering a story or verse.
child leading group The kindergarten can independently draw pictures for mnemotable after the educator broke the story in the situation and said what to draw. It's simple and interesting can be represented at the time of the year mnitterbar. Here is a description of the winter:
It is better to work on mnemotables with children from the age of 4 when their first vocabulary has already been formed. At this age, you can teach children through rules that focus on the table. These can be algorithms for dressing or washing, there are also mnemotable traffic rules so that the child learns the rules of the road.
Children will be happy to study fairy tales or poems on tables:
Our Tanya is crying loudly,
Dropped a ball in the river.
Quiet, Tanya, don't cry!
Don't drown in the river ball.
Once the baby understands the purpose of mnemotablits, it is possible to increase the number of pictures, as well as the complexity of the task:
You can make rebons, puzzles, or mnemotablics in math. In the latter case, it is enough to draw a digit, and in another square that represents this number. In the future, the child will be moved to the memory of the corresponding picture when he sees the digit.
If you don't have time to draw MPMOTAles, they can simply be found on the internet and downloaded, and then print and then print with the child. It is better not to point to the computer, the child does not see the screen like a sheet of paper in front of them.
3. Mercuryization of Mnemotable
As mentioned earlier, mnemotables make text easier to perceive with young children. It is especially important for children who have problems speaking and hearing, it is difficult for them to focus on the story. Learn poems and stories on MPMOTALES easily and when the story can spy on the pictures. This technique gives confidence to even shy children as they learn to speak in public.
If you ask the preschool core member to tell a story, you will see that their connected story doesn't work. The child is quickly dejected, which changes to something and usually has no time to end the story and leave it somewhere. Try to disassemble the story with him and draw it in mnemonics. The child learns how to build a story on the plot, getting used to the fact that every story should have a beginning and a logical end.
Many phenomena are easier to decompose from mnemotable. When you see the picture of what we are talking about, the child will remember the information more easily as it is automatically sensed by the brain to recode it from abstract to figurative thinking:
On this table the child learns the story about the birds. Decryption table:
1. What is this bird?
2. Is it wild or at home?
3. What color?
4. What is food?
5. What are the sounds?
6. What does it live?
7. Where does it live?
8. What is she young?
9. What benefit (or harm) does people bring?
Using the same algorithm, you can come up with a story about anything about anything. The child will first answer all the questions separately, and then you need to ask him to tell about it with a single text with a single text spitting into the table.
The story can be about the properties of objects and about the job and about friends - anything:
It is not necessary to go into groups in memo sheets, it is perfectly possible to do with a child at home. If parents, grandparents have a desire to develop a child's thinking, enrich his speech, and teach him to speak correctly in preschool age, he will go to school to have a good education that will make him stand out among other classmates becomes.
Examples of mnemotable can be found in this video:
One of the most important and fundamental conditions for the full and full development of children during preschool age is competent, logically built nice speech.. As a rule, it is beyond the preschool age that the optimal and most favorable conditions for the generation of eloquence and a full-fledged lexicon are developed.
According to many speech therapists, to help the children at an accelerated pace, assimilate new information and develop and learn how to express their thoughts logically, and it is interesting to tell about yourself and the world around, specially created techniques and communicative techniques are used. And one of those techniques is the use of Mnemotables in developing children's speech.
In most cases, girls and boys of preschool age should already fully cooperate with synonyms and the most diverse images, describe all the events that occur, using bright, but at the same time and grammatical wordforms. Unfortunately, not all preschoolers can boast of such skills. Most children look different language challenges:
- Inability to come up with long, complex suggestions - the child's language consists entirely of simple, concise suggestions.
- The child cannot independently formulate a logically correct and completed offer.
- Systematic use of non-attached vocabulary.
- The minimal, bad vocabulary that doesn't match the child's age category.
- The preschooler cannot formulate and respond to questions independently of questions.
- BAD DICK.
- The preschooler cannot build the correct logical reasoning and approval.
To correct such speech errors, mnemonics is widely used, which is widely used among many specialists.
What is mnemotechnics?
Matery - in the literal translation of Greek, means "The Art of Memorization". This is a certain system of receptions and methods, the action of which is essential for the most efficient saving, reproduction and memory of the resulting material.
The name of this technique is absolutely not accidental - it comes on behalf of an ancient Greek goddess of memory, logic, and caution called Mnemozin. Mnemotechnics is a popular technique, the essence of which is the maximally accelerated development of a coherent language, based on the visual perception of information with its further reproduction with images.
The main meaning of the use of mnemotables for children is this - to determine a specific word or phrase, a specific picture is used (picture), with which a schematic sketch of the word appears. Carefully studying the child at an accelerated pace, the child can memorize and reproduce special text materials at an accelerated pace, which helps the development of speech for preschoolers.
The main advantages of mnemotable
The use of mnemonic tables in developing children's speech got quite widespread among specialists and teachers. The use of this technology makes it possible to significantly alleviate the process of the learning child of preschool age and to maximize the pace of development of the coherent language of children.
Due to the fact that in the process of study, colorful visual systems are applied, children learn to build grammatically correct, logically closed, consistent and accurate texts saturated with a multitude of clarifying details.
Below is an example of Mnemotable on the theme of "Fall" where the child teaches the main characteristics of this time of year.
It can be said that mnemotability for the development of coherent language is a specific scheme that conveys specific information and serves as a very important visual material to normalize the full formation of connected speech in children in preschoolers.
What are the fundamental advantages of mnemonetry over other language development techniques?
- Promotes accelerated development visual and auditory memory.
- It is used to solve common school assignments, for example to memorize poems or to solve complex mysteries and riddles.
- Mnemotables for kids are also widely used for developing preschool kid quality to reset all artistic work.
- To improve the conversation skills of the preschooler, which allows the child to fully support the conversation on almost any subject.
- Maximum development of spoken skills.
In addition, the timely use of mnemotables in the development of a coherent language makes it possible to achieve success in the development of associative thinking, visual perception, auditory memory, as well as imagination.
Manufacture of Mnemotablitsa.
Making training mnemonics for speech development does not require any special skills or artistic talent. A word or short phrase is selected and a picture that clearly illustrates the selected word.
For children of younger preschool age, it is best to use tables with bright, colorful pictures - thanks to pictures of a squirrel, bunny or flower, the child will be much faster and easier to remember the material.
After a while, after carefully learning the phrase and the picture that characterizes it, the children carefully learn to replace the picture on graphic symbols. For example, a Christmas tree with a green triangle and a bunny is a gray or blue circle. Below is the example of the example of the story "Ryaba Chicken" You can make mpmmotable with a gradual complication in the form of images on graphic symbols:
Only lively with pictures.
Add part of graphic characters.
We replace all images on graphic characters.
Most often for the development of related speech in children in preschoolers, ready-made tables designed by V.K. were developed. Sparrow or ta. Tkachenko. However, it is worth remembering that such model schemes can not be called universally - they can only become the basis for learning about any particular child. The teacher can independently improve and adapt the finished model schemes.
In most cases, mnemonics training is used to teach children the main characters of a particular subject. Therefore, the main subjects in such tables can be the study of color, shapes, values, textures (soft or firm) specific. In addition, the Mnemotabloian training can be responsible for the following question:
- What elements are this topic?
- What is this thing to use?
- What can I do with this article and what you cannot do with it?
This is an approximate list of questions, the answer that the child should give after studying cards with pictures and mnemotablis.
Features of using Mnemotable for kids
Today, mnemonics refers to the number of user-friendly, lung-, comfortable and highly efficient techniques for developing a coherent children's language, the accelerated memory storage of material, implemented via schematic MPMOTABLE and graphic images.
At the same time, this technique helps formulate the baby's speech, filling his vocabulary with beautiful, complex, and properly constructed phrases and suggestions. The essence of all mnemonic techniques is the rebirth of textual, verbal information in visual images. Despite the fact that many children in preschool children are perceived as very painful, believing that they will not succeed in them, in the future the children's teaching process really likes. Not only is it extremely informative, but also very interesting, exciting and fun, similar to the game.
Most often, when using mnemonic tablets for developing connected speech of preschool children in children's preschool institutes, the following scheme applies:
- The teacher shows children cards with bright and colorful pictures that denote a particular set or offer.
- The next stage is the study of the so-called Mertopoys. This is a series of pictures, made up of around four pictures, that a child can use to tell a simple story.
- The most difficult stage design is the use of direct mnemonics for training margins of preschoolers. Thanks to this method, preschoolers learn to reproduce longer and complex stories and stories.
The varieties of mnemons for the development of the reach of preschool children:
- Cards with an algorithm for certain actions - for example, a sequence of morning events (washing, teeth cleaning, breakfast, dressing).
- Memanizations with a series of different images that tell a specific story or story. For children of younger preschool age, fairy tales are the most common.
- Receptions for faster and easier assimilation of information, studies of poetry.
An example using the fairy tale "three piglets".
Example when using poem.
Basic rules of development with mnemotable
In using mnemotechnics for speech device development in preschool children, it should be remembered that most children are extremely difficult to perceive this technique of learning without prior preparation. At the earliest stages of the speech development educational process for preschoolers, it is best to make the perception of mnemoksmocks more understandable and easier to use.
Small children are unlikely to be interested in pictures in black and white colors, so it is necessary to use brightly colored pictures.
The number of pictures in the Mertowel should not be exaggerated as it complicates information perception for a child. The maximum number of images allowed in the track should not exceed 8-9 images. Of course, all tables shouldn't duplicate the same topics - they should all be different and refer to completely diverse spheres.
Learning outcomes through mnemotablities
In the overwhelming majority of cases, language training and development through mnemotables is successful in preschoolers. Children significantly expand their horizons and knowledge of the environment, they have a noticeably developed imagination, they begin to actively invent their own stories, and entertaining stories.
The guys took an interest in various poems and received new information about the world around the world, lexicon expanded, the willingness seems to speak in front of the audience.
Connected speech mnemonics of preschoolers is a popular and common technique, the measure aimed at improving the material memorization process, the development of associative thinking and beautiful, competent connected language.